OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Editor: Henry van Driel
  • Vol. 29, Iss. 10 — Oct. 1, 2012
  • pp: 2886–2890

Model of the amplified spontaneous emission generation in thulium-doped silica fibers

Martin Gorjan, Thibault North, and Martin Rochette  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 29, Issue 10, pp. 2886-2890 (2012)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (302 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A model of the 2 μm amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) generation in the thulium-doped silica fibers pumped at 1575 nm is presented. Both Al-codoped and Al/Ge-codoped fiber core compositions are studied. The results show that the composition affects the relative slope efficiency of 10% and the bandwidth of 19% of the output ASE. Our results predict that the backward ASE is more powerful and spectrally broader compared to the forward ASE, which is in agreement with previous experiments. Using an asymmetric cavity feedback, 98% of the total output power can be directed in the backward ASE, but with the consequence of losing 50 % of the bandwidth. Such sources are expected to deliver single-mode output with more than 70% slope and 39% power conversion efficiency.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3070) Lasers and laser optics : Infrared and far-infrared lasers
(140.3510) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, fiber
(140.5680) Lasers and laser optics : Rare earth and transition metal solid-state lasers
(140.6630) Lasers and laser optics : Superradiance, superfluorescence

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: May 16, 2012
Revised Manuscript: August 6, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: August 28, 2012
Published: September 24, 2012

Martin Gorjan, Thibault North, and Martin Rochette, "Model of the amplified spontaneous emission generation in thulium-doped silica fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 2886-2890 (2012)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. T. F. Morse, K. Oh, and L. J. Reinhart, “A new gas detection technique utilizing amplified spontaneous emission light source from a co-doped Tm3+/Ho3+ silica fibre in the 2 μm region,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 9, 1409–1412 (1998). [CrossRef]
  2. B. E. Bouma, L. E. Nelson, G. J. Tearney, D. J. Jones, M. E. Brezinski, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomographic imaging of human tissue at 1.55 μm and 1.81 μm using Er- and Tm-doped fiber sources,” J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 76–79 (1998). [CrossRef]
  3. K. Oh, A. Kilian, L. Reinhart, Q. Zhang, T. F. Morse, and P. M. Weber, “Broadband superfluorescent emission of the H43→H63 transition in a Tm-doped multicomponent silicate fiber,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1131–1133 (1994). [CrossRef]
  4. S. D. Jackson and T. A. King, “Theoretical modeling of Tm-doped silica fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 948–956(1999). [CrossRef]
  5. P. Peterka, B. Faure, W. Blanc, M. Karasek, and B. Dussardier, “Theoretical modelling of S-band thulium-doped silica fibre amplifiers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 36, 201–212 (2004). [CrossRef]
  6. J. Xu, M. Prabhu, J. Lu, K. Ueda, and D. Xing, “Efficient double-clad thulium-doped fiber laser with ring cavity,” Appl. Opt. 40, 1983–1988 (2001). [CrossRef]
  7. P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 85–91 (2009). [CrossRef]
  8. J. Geng, Q. Wang, T. Luo, S. Jiang, and F. Amzajerdian, “Single-frequency narrow-linewidth Tm-doped fiber laser using silicate glass fiber,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3493–3495 (2009). [CrossRef]
  9. M. Jiang and P. Tayebati, “Stable 10 ns, kilowatt peak-power pulse generation from a gain-switched Tm-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1797–1799 (2007). [CrossRef]
  10. Y. Tang, F. Li, and J. Xu, “High peak-power gain-switched Tm3+-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 893–895 (2011). [CrossRef]
  11. Y. H. Tsang, A. F. El-Sherif, and T. A. King, “Broadband amplified spontaneous emission fibre source near 2 μm using resonant in-band pumping,” J. Mod. Opt. 52, 109–118 (2005). [CrossRef]
  12. Y. H. Tsang, T. A. King, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, “Broadband amplified spontaneous emission double-clad fibre source with central wavelengths near 2 μm,” J. Mod. Opt. 53, 991–1001 (2006). [CrossRef]
  13. D. Y. Shen, L. Pearson, P. Wang, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, “Broadband Tm-doped superfluorescent fiber source with 11 W single-ended output power,” Opt. Express 16, 11021–11026 (2008). [CrossRef]
  14. G.-Y. Yu, J. Chang, Q.-P. Wang, X.-Y. Zhang, Z. Liu, and Q.-J. Huang, “A theoretical model of thulium-doped silica fiber’s ASE in the 1900 nm waveband,” Optoelectron. Lett. 6, 45–47 (2010). [CrossRef]
  15. B. M. Walsh and N. P. Barnes, “Comparison of Tm:ZBLAN and Tm:silica fiber lasers; spectroscopy and tunable pulsed laser operation around 1.9 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 325–333 (2004). [CrossRef]
  16. S. D. Agger and J. H. Povlsen, “Emission and absorption cross section of thulium doped silica fibers,” Opt. Express 14, 50–57 (2006). [CrossRef]
  17. M. Engelbrecht, F. Haxsen, D. Wandt, and D. Kracht, “Wavelength resolved intracavity measurement of the cross sections of a Tm-doped fiber,” Opt. Express 16, 1610–1615 (2008). [CrossRef]
  18. Q. Xiao, P. Yan, Y. Wang, J. Hao, and M. Gong, “High-power all-fiber superfluorescent source with fused angle-polished side-pumping configuration,” Appl. Opt. 50, 1164–1169(2011). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited