OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Editor: Henry van Driel
  • Vol. 29, Iss. 2 — Feb. 1, 2012
  • pp: A119–A126

Persistent optical nuclear spin narrowing in a singly charged InAs quantum dot

Bo Sun, Wang Yao, Xiaodong Xu, Allan S. Bracker, Daniel Gammon, L. J. Sham, and Duncan Steel  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 29, Issue 2, pp. A119-A126 (2012)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2025 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We review the investigation of the hole-assisted dynamical nuclear spin polarization mechanism in a singly charged InAs quantum dot. Using coherent dark state spectroscopy, we measure the locking of the Overhauser field to a value determined only by the laser frequencies. Importantly, we review data that the locking effect can suppress nuclear spin fluctuations. We determine the onset time of the nuclear spin narrowing effect and its persistence absent laser interactions by directly measuring the enhancement of the electron spin coherence. This nuclear field locking effect can be explained in terms of an anisotropic hyperfine coupling between the hole spin and the nuclear spins.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(270.1670) Quantum optics : Coherent optical effects
(300.6250) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, condensed matter

Original Manuscript: October 17, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: November 23, 2011
Published: February 1, 2012

Bo Sun, Wang Yao, Xiaodong Xu, Allan S. Bracker, Daniel Gammon, L. J. Sham, and Duncan Steel, "Persistent optical nuclear spin narrowing in a singly charged InAs quantum dot," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, A119-A126 (2012)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. H. Wang, K. Ferrio, D. G. Steel, Y. Z. Hu, R. Binder, and S. W. Koch, “Transient nonlinear optical response from excitation induced dephasing in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1261–1264 (1993). [CrossRef]
  2. V. M. Axt and A. Stahl, “A dynamics-controlled truncation scheme for the hierarchy of density matrices in semiconductor optics,” Z. Phys. B 93, 195–204 (1994). [CrossRef]
  3. X. Xu, B. Sun, P. R. Berman, D. G. Steel, A. S. Bracker, D. Gammon, and L. J. Sham, “Coherent optical spectroscopy of a strongly driven quantum dot,” Science 317, 929–932 (2007). [CrossRef]
  4. R. Melet, V. Voliotis, A. Enderlin, D. Roditchev, X. L. Wang, T. Guillet, and R. Grousson, “Resonant excitonic emission of a single quantum dot in the rabi regime,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 073301 (2008). [CrossRef]
  5. E. B. Flagg, A. Muller, J. W. Robertson, S. Founta, D. G. Deppe, M. Xiao, W. Ma, G. J. Salamo, and C. K. Shih, “Resonantly driven coherent oscillations in a solid-state quantum emitter,” Nat. Phys. 5, 203–207 (2009). [CrossRef]
  6. X. Xu, B. Sun, E. D. Kim, K. Smirl, P. R. Berman, D. G. Steel, A. S. Bracker, D. Gammon, and L. J. Sham, “Single charged quantum dot in a strong optical field: absorption, gain, and the ac-Stark effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 227401 (2008). [CrossRef]
  7. M. Kroner, C. Lux, S. Seidl, A. W. Holleitner, K. Karrai, A. Badolato, P. M. Petroff, and R. J. Warburton, “Rabi splitting and ac-Stark shift of a charged exciton,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 031108 (2008). [CrossRef]
  8. D. Press, T. D. Ladd, B. Zhang, and Y. Yamamoto, “Complete quantum control of a single quantum dot spin using ultrafast optical pulses,” Nature 456, 218–221 (2008). [CrossRef]
  9. I. A. Merkulov, A. L. Efros, and M. Rosen, “Electron spin relaxation by nuclei in semiconductor quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 205309 (2002). [CrossRef]
  10. D. Stepanenko, G. Burkard, G. Giedke, and A. Imamoglu, “Enhancement of electron spin coherence by optical preparation of nuclear spins,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 136401 (2006). [CrossRef]
  11. G. Giedke, J. M. Taylor, D. D’ Alessandro, M. D. Lukin, and A. Imamoglu, “Quantum measurement of a mesoscopic spin ensemble,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 032316 (2006). [CrossRef]
  12. D. Klauser, W. A. Coish, and D. Loss, “Nuclear spin state narrowing via gate-controlled rabi oscillations in a double quantum dot,” Phys. Rev. B 73, 205302 (2006). [CrossRef]
  13. M. S. Rudner and L. S. Levitov, “Self-polarization and dynamical cooling of nuclear spins in double quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 036602 (2007). [CrossRef]
  14. J. Danon and Y. V. Nazarov, “Nuclear tuning and detuning of the electron spin resonance in a quantum dot: theoretical consideration,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 056603 (2008). [CrossRef]
  15. D. J. Reilly, J. M. Taylor, J. R. Petta, C. M. Marcus, M. P. Hanson, and A. C. Gossard, “Suppressing spin qubit dephasing by nuclear state preparation,” Science 321, 817–821 (2008). [CrossRef]
  16. I. T. Vink, K. C. Nowack, F. H. L. Koppens, J. Danon, Y. V. Nazarov, and L. M. K. Vandersypen, “Locking electron spins into magnetic resonance by electron-nuclear feedback,” Nat. Phys. 5, 764–768 (2009). [CrossRef]
  17. C. Latta, A. Hogele, Y. Zhao, A. N. Vamivakas, P. Maletinsky, M. Kroner, J. Dreiser, I. Carusotto, A. Badolato, D. Schuh, W. Wegscheider, M. Atature, and A. Imamoglu, “Confluence of resonant laser excitation and bidirectional quantum-dot nuclear-spin polarization,” Nat. Phys. 5, 758–763 (2009). [CrossRef]
  18. H. Bluhm, S. Foletti, D. Mahalu, V. Umansky, and A. Yacoby, “Enhancing the coherence of a spin qubit by operating it as a feedback loop that controls its nuclear spin bath,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 216803 (2010). [CrossRef]
  19. W. A. Coish, J. Fischer, and D. Loss, “Free-induction decay and envelope modulations in a narrowed nuclear spin bath,” Phys. Rev. B 81, 165315 (2010). [CrossRef]
  20. W. Yang and L. J. Sham, “Collective nuclear stabilization by optically excited hole in quantum dot,” arXiv: 1012.0060v2 (2010).
  21. X. Xu, W. Yao, B. Sun, D. G. Steel, A. S. Bracker, D. Gammon, and L. J. Sham, “Optically controlled locking of the nuclear field via coherent dark-state spectroscopy,” Nature 459, 1105–1109 (2009). [CrossRef]
  22. B. Alen, F. Bickel, K. Karrai, R. J. Warburton, and P. M. Petroff, “Stark-shift modulation absorption spectroscopy of single quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2235–2237 (2003). [CrossRef]
  23. X. Xu, B. Sun, P. R. Berman, D. G. Steel, A. S. Bracker, D. Gammon, and L. J. Sham, “Coherent population trapping of an electron spin in a single negatively charged quantum dot,” Nat. Phys. 4, 692–695 (2008). [CrossRef]
  24. A. Greilich, A. Shabaev, D. R. Yakovlev, A. L. Efros, I. A. Yugova, D. Reuter, A. D. Wieck, and M. Bayer, “Nuclei-induced frequency focusing of electron spin coherence,” Science 317, 1896–1899 (2007). [CrossRef]
  25. P. Maletinsky, C. W. Lai, A. Badolato, and A. Imamoglu, “Nonlinear dynamics of quantum dot nuclear spins,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 035409 (2007). [CrossRef]
  26. A. Abragam, The Principles of Nuclear Magnetism (Claredon, Oxford, 1973).
  27. A. Khaetskii and Y. Nazarov, “Spin-flip transitions between zeeman sublevels in semiconductor quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 64125316 (2001). [CrossRef]
  28. M. Atature, J. Dreiser, A. Badolato, A. Hogele, K. Karrai, and A. Imamoglu, “Quantum-dot spin-state preparation with near-unity fidelity,” Science 312, 551–553 (2006). [CrossRef]
  29. R. J. Warburton, C. Schaflein, D. Haft, F. Bickel, A. Lorke, K. Karrai, J. M. Garcia, W. Schoenfeld, and P. M. Petroff, “Optical emission from a charge-tunable quantum ring,” Nature 405, 926–929 (2000). [CrossRef]
  30. Z. Gong, Z.-Q. Yin, and L. Duan, “Dynamics of the Overhauser field under nuclear spin diffusion in a quantum dot,” New J. Phys. 13, 033036 (2011). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited