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Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Editor: Henry van Driel
  • Vol. 29, Iss. 4 — Apr. 1, 2012
  • pp: 600–606

Measurement of photoionization cross section in atomic uranium using simultaneous observation of laser-induced photoionization and fluorescence signals

Mukesh Lal Shah, Gomati Prasad Gupta, Vas Dev, Bishwaranjan Dikshit, Manmohan Singh Bhatia, and Brij Mohan Suri  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 29, Issue 4, pp. 600-606 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.29.000600


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Abstract

Laser-induced photoionization and fluorescence signals were simultaneously observed in atomic uranium using a single Nd:YAG-pumped dye laser. These signals were recorded in two specific cases. In the first case, the dye laser was resonant to the first-step transition (0–16900.38 cm−1). In the second case, the laser was near-resonant to the first-step transition with a slight detuning (0.15 cm−1) so that it became two-photon resonant at 33801.06 cm−1. The uranium atoms in the ground state were ionized by a single-color, three-photon photoionization technique resulting in the photoionization signal, and the fluorescence signal was simultaneously obtained from the first excited state involved in the photoionization process. The photoionization and the fluorescence signals in the above-mentioned cases were also estimated theoretically for several values of the photoionization cross section for the transition between the second excited state at 33801.06 cm−1 and the autoionization state at 50701.59 cm−1 using density matrix formalism. From the comparison of theoretically calculated ratios of fluorescence signals in the two specific cases with the experimentally obtained values, the photoionization cross section for the 33801.06–50701.59 cm−1 transition has been obtained, which is found to be (5±1)×10−16 cm2.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(020.4180) Atomic and molecular physics : Multiphoton processes
(300.2530) Spectroscopy : Fluorescence, laser-induced
(300.6350) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, ionization
(300.6360) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, laser

ToC Category:
Spectroscopy

History
Original Manuscript: October 13, 2011
Revised Manuscript: November 30, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: December 7, 2011
Published: March 16, 2012

Citation
Mukesh Lal Shah, Gomati Prasad Gupta, Vas Dev, Bishwaranjan Dikshit, Manmohan Singh Bhatia, and Brij Mohan Suri, "Measurement of photoionization cross section in atomic uranium using simultaneous observation of laser-induced photoionization and fluorescence signals," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 600-606 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-29-4-600

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