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Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Editor: Henry van Driel
  • Vol. 29, Iss. 4 — Apr. 1, 2012
  • pp: 698–703

Effect of a nanoparticle on the optical properties of a photonic crystal cavity: theory and experiment

Toeno van der Sar, Jenna Hagemeier, Wolfgang Pfaff, Erwin Heeres, Susanna Thon, Hyochul Kim, Pierre Petroff, Oosterkamp Tjerk, Dirk Bouwmeester, and Ronald Hanson  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 29, Issue 4, pp. 698-703 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.29.000698


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Abstract

Single quantum emitters can be coupled to photonic crystal (PC) cavities by placing their host nanoparticles into the cavity field. We describe fabrication, characterization, and tuning of gallium-phosphide PC cavities that resonate in the visible, and simulations and measurements of the effect of a nanoparticle on the optical properties of these cavities. Simulations show that introducing a 50 nm (100 nm) sized nanoparticle into S1 and L3-type cavities, with original quality factors of 18 · 10 3 and 73 · 10 3 , respectively, reduces the quality factor by < 10 % ( 50 % ). Furthermore, simulations indicate that an emitter embedded in a 50 nm (100 nm) sized nanoparticle can be coupled 3.5 (9) times more effectively to an S1 cavity than to an L3 cavity. We employ a nanopositioning technique to position individual, 50 nm sized nanocrystals into S1 cavities, and find that the quality factors are reduced by a factor of 0.9 ± 0.1 from the original values of order 10 3 .

© 2012 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(270.0270) Quantum optics : Quantum optics
(350.4238) Other areas of optics : Nanophotonics and photonic crystals
(050.5298) Diffraction and gratings : Photonic crystals

ToC Category:
Quantum Optics

History
Original Manuscript: October 6, 2011
Revised Manuscript: January 2, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: January 4, 2012
Published: March 20, 2012

Citation
Toeno van der Sar, Jenna Hagemeier, Wolfgang Pfaff, Erwin Heeres, Susanna Thon, Hyochul Kim, Pierre Petroff, Oosterkamp Tjerk, Dirk Bouwmeester, and Ronald Hanson, "Effect of a nanoparticle on the optical properties of a photonic crystal cavity: theory and experiment," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 698-703 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-29-4-698

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