OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Editor: Henry van Driel
  • Vol. 29, Iss. 4 — Apr. 1, 2012
  • pp: 698–703

Effect of a nanoparticle on the optical properties of a photonic crystal cavity: theory and experiment

Toeno van der Sar, Jenna Hagemeier, Wolfgang Pfaff, Erwin Heeres, Susanna Thon, Hyochul Kim, Pierre Petroff, Oosterkamp Tjerk, Dirk Bouwmeester, and Ronald Hanson  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 29, Issue 4, pp. 698-703 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.29.000698


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (994 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Single quantum emitters can be coupled to photonic crystal (PC) cavities by placing their host nanoparticles into the cavity field. We describe fabrication, characterization, and tuning of gallium-phosphide PC cavities that resonate in the visible, and simulations and measurements of the effect of a nanoparticle on the optical properties of these cavities. Simulations show that introducing a 50 nm (100 nm) sized nanoparticle into S1 and L3-type cavities, with original quality factors of 18 · 10 3 and 73 · 10 3 , respectively, reduces the quality factor by < 10 % ( 50 % ). Furthermore, simulations indicate that an emitter embedded in a 50 nm (100 nm) sized nanoparticle can be coupled 3.5 (9) times more effectively to an S1 cavity than to an L3 cavity. We employ a nanopositioning technique to position individual, 50 nm sized nanocrystals into S1 cavities, and find that the quality factors are reduced by a factor of 0.9 ± 0.1 from the original values of order 10 3 .

© 2012 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(270.0270) Quantum optics : Quantum optics
(350.4238) Other areas of optics : Nanophotonics and photonic crystals
(050.5298) Diffraction and gratings : Photonic crystals

ToC Category:
Quantum Optics

History
Original Manuscript: October 6, 2011
Revised Manuscript: January 2, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: January 4, 2012
Published: March 20, 2012

Citation
Toeno van der Sar, Jenna Hagemeier, Wolfgang Pfaff, Erwin Heeres, Susanna Thon, Hyochul Kim, Pierre Petroff, Oosterkamp Tjerk, Dirk Bouwmeester, and Ronald Hanson, "Effect of a nanoparticle on the optical properties of a photonic crystal cavity: theory and experiment," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 698-703 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-29-4-698


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. R. Loudon, The Quantum Theory of Light (Oxford University, 2000).
  2. S. Noda, M. Fujita, and T. Asano, “Spontaneous-emission control by photonic crystals and nanocavities,” Nature Photon. 1, 449–458 (2007). [CrossRef]
  3. C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vučković, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device,” Nature 419, 594–597 (2002). [CrossRef]
  4. J. P. Reithmaier, G. Sek, A. Löffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, “Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system,” Nature 432, 197–200 (2004). [CrossRef]
  5. A. Badolato, K. Hennessy, M. Atatüre, J. Dreiser, E. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and A. Imamoğlu, “Deterministic coupling of single quantum dots to single nanocavity modes,” Science 308, 1158–1161 (2005). [CrossRef]
  6. S. M. Thon, M. T. Rakher, H. Kim, J. Gudat, W. T. M. Irvine, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeester, “Strong coupling through optical positioning of a quantum dot in a photonic crystal cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 111115 (2009). [CrossRef]
  7. K. Rivoire, A. Kinkhabwala, F. Hatami, W. T. Masselink, Y. Avlasevich, K. Müllen, W. E. Moerner, and J. Vučković, “Lithographic positioning of fluorescent molecules on high-Q photonic crystal cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 123113 (2009). [CrossRef]
  8. J. Wolters, A. W. Schell, G. Kewes, N. Nüsse, M. Schoengen, H. Döscher, T. Hannappel, B. Löchel, M. Barth, and O. Benson, “Enhancement of the zero phonon line emission from a single nitrogen vacancy center in a nanodiamond via coupling to a photonic crystal cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 141108 (2010). [CrossRef]
  9. M. Barth, N. Nüsse, B. Löchel, and O. Benson, “Controlled coupling of a single-diamond nanocrystal to a photonic crystal cavity,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1108–1110 (2009). [CrossRef]
  10. D. Englund, B. Shields, K. Rivoire, F. Hatami, J. Vučković, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Deterministic coupling of a single nitrogen vacancy center to a photonic crystal cavity,” Nano Lett. 10, 3922–3926 (2010). [CrossRef]
  11. T. van der Sar, J. Hagemeier, W. Pfaff, E. C. Heeres, T. H. Oosterkamp, D. Bouwmeester, and R. Hanson, “Deterministic nano-assembly of a coupled quantum emitter—photonic crystal cavity system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 193103 (2011). [CrossRef]
  12. A. F. Koenderink, M. Kafesaki, B. Buchler, and V. Sandoghdar, “Controlling the resonance of a photonic crystal microcavity by a near-field probe,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 153904 (2005). [CrossRef]
  13. M. Galli, S. L. Portalupi, M. Belotti, L. C. Andreani, L. O’Faolain, and T. F. Krauss, “Light scattering and Fano resonances in high-Q photonic crystal nanocavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 071101 (2009). [CrossRef]
  14. H. S. Lee, S. Kiravittaya, S. Kumar, J. D. Plumhof, L. Balet, L. H. Li, M. Francardi, A. Gerardino, A. Fiore, A. Rastelli, and O. G. Schmidt, “Local tuning of photonic crystal nanocavity modes by laser-assisted oxidation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 191109(2009). [CrossRef]
  15. E. C. Heeres, A. J. Katan, M. H. van Es, A. F. Beker, M. Hesselberth, D. J. van Der Zalm, and T. H. Oosterkamp, “A compact multipurpose nanomanipulator for use inside a scanning electron microscope,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 023704 (2010). [CrossRef]
  16. T. van der Sar, E. C. Heeres, G. M. Dmochowski, G. de Lange, L. Robledo, T. H. Oosterkamp, and R. Hanson, “Nanopositioning of a diamond nanocrystal containing a single nitrogen-vacancy defect center,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 173104 (2009). [CrossRef]
  17. S. D. Barrett and P. Kok, “Efficient high-fidelity quantum computation using matter qubits and linear optical,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 060310 (2005).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited