OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Editor: Henry van Driel
  • Vol. 29, Iss. 4 — Apr. 1, 2012
  • pp: 734–737

Imaging molecular structures with high-energy photoelectrons produced by extreme ultraviolet pulses

Cheng Huang, Yueming Zhou, Qing Liao, and Peixiang Lu  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 29, Issue 4, pp. 734-737 (2012)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (369 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We have investigated the diffraction spectra of photoelectrons from one-photon single ionization of diatomic molecules by ultrashort extreme ultraviolet pulses. The result shows that the diffraction patterns strongly depend on the internuclear distances of molecules. With these diffraction patterns, we succeed in measuring the transient internuclear distances of small-distance molecules with a high precision. This provides a simple and efficient method for imaging molecular transient structures, avoiding the complicated recovering process of the diffraction pattern in the imaging with rescattered electrons.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(020.4180) Atomic and molecular physics : Multiphoton processes
(270.6620) Quantum optics : Strong-field processes
(320.2250) Ultrafast optics : Femtosecond phenomena

ToC Category:
Atomic and Molecular Physics

Original Manuscript: October 28, 2011
Revised Manuscript: December 7, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: December 8, 2011
Published: March 20, 2012

Cheng Huang, Yueming Zhou, Qing Liao, and Peixiang Lu, "Imaging molecular structures with high-energy photoelectrons produced by extreme ultraviolet pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 734-737 (2012)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong-field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994–1997 (1993).
  2. H. Hetzheim, C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, and W. Becker, “Interference effects in above-threshold ionization from diatomic molecules: Determining the internuclear separation,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 023418 (2007). [CrossRef]
  3. S. X. Hu and L. A. Collins, “Imaging molecular structures by electron diffraction using an intense few-cycle pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073004 (2005).
  4. M. Meckel, D. Comtois, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, D. Pavičić, H. C. Bandulet, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, R. Dörner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Laser-induced electron tunneling and diffraction,” Science 320, 1478–1482 (2008). [CrossRef]
  5. M. Spanner, O. Smirnova, P. B. Corkum, and M. Y. Ivanov, “Reading diffraction images in strong field ionization of diatomic molecules,” J. Phys. B 37, L243–L250 (2004).
  6. T. Zuo, A. D. Bandrauk, and P. B. Corkum, “Laser-induced electron diffraction: a new tool for probing ultrafast molecular dynamics,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 259, 313–320 (1996). [CrossRef]
  7. J. Henkel, M. Lein, and V. Engel, “Interference in above-threshold-ionization electron distributions from molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 051401(R) (2011). [CrossRef]
  8. J. R. Schneider, “FLASH-from accelerator test facility to the first single-pass soft x-ray free-electron laser,” J. Phys. B 43, 194001 (2010).
  9. E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320, 1614–1617 (2008). [CrossRef]
  10. P. Lan, P. Lu, Q. Li, F. Li, W. Hong, and Q. Zhang, “Macroscopic effects for quantum control of broadband isolated attosecond pulse generation with a two-color field,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 043413 (2009).
  11. Q. Zhang, P. Lu, P. Lan, W. Hong, and Z. Yang, “Multi-cycle laser-driven broadband supercontinuum with a modulated polarization gating,” Opt. Express 16, 9795–9803 (2008). [CrossRef]
  12. K. Yuan, H. Lu, and A. D. Bandrauk, “Linear- and circular-polarization photoionization angular distributions in H2 and H2+ by attosecond xuv laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 043418 (2011).
  13. S. E. Cantona, E. Plésiat, J. D. Bozek, B. S. Rude, P. Decleva, and F. Martín, “Direct observation of Young’s double-slit interferences in vibrationally resolved photoionization of diatomic molecules,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 108, 7302–7306(2011).
  14. M. D. Feit, J. A. Fleck, and A. Steiger, “Solution of the Schrödinger equation by a spectral method,” J. Comput. Phys. 47, 412–433 (1982). [CrossRef]
  15. C. Huang, Q. Liao, Y. Zhou, and P. Lu, “Role of Coulomb focusing on the electron transverse momentum of above-threshold ionization,” Opt. Express 18, 14293–14300 (2010).
  16. X. M. Tong, K. Hino, and N. Toshima, “Phase-dependent atomic ionization in few-cycle intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 031405(R) (2006). [CrossRef]
  17. Q. Liao, P. Lu, Q. Zhang, W. Hong, and Z. Yang, “Phase-dependent nonsequential double ionization by few-cycle laser pulses,” J. Phys. B 41 (2008).
  18. R. Kosloff and H. Tal-Ezer, “A direct relaxation method for calculating eigenfunctions and eigenvalues of the Schrödinger equation on a grid,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 127, 223–230 (1986). [CrossRef]
  19. H. D. Cohen and U. Fano, “Interference in the photo-ionization of molecules,” Phys. Rev. 150, 30–33 (1966).
  20. R. Torres, R. de Nalda, and J. P. Marangos, “Dynamics of laser-induced molecular alignment in the impulsive and adiabatic regimes: A direct comparison,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 023420 (2005). [CrossRef]
  21. H. Stapelfeldt and T. Seideman, “Colloquium: Aligning molecules with strong laser pulses,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 543–557 (2003). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited