OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Editor: Henry van Driel
  • Vol. 29, Iss. 9 — Sep. 1, 2012
  • pp: 2493–2502

Measurement of temperature-dependent absorption and emission spectra of Yb:YAG, Yb:LuAG, and Yb:CaF2 between 20 °C and 200 °C and predictions on their influence on laser performance

Joerg Koerner, Christian Vorholt, Hartmut Liebetrau, Martin Kahle, Diethard Kloepfel, Reinhard Seifert, Joachim Hein, and Malte C. Kaluza  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 29, Issue 9, pp. 2493-2502 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.29.002493


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1312 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Accurate values of the emission and absorption cross sections of Yb:YAG, Yb:LuAG, and Yb:CaF2 as a function of temperature between room temperature and 200 °C are presented. For this purpose, absorption and fluorescence spectra were measured using a setup optimized to reduce the effect of radiation trapping. From these data, emission cross sections were retrieved by combining the Fuchtbauer–Ladenburg equation and the reciprocity method. Based on our measurements, simple estimations illustrate the effect of temperature shifts that are likely to occur in typical laser setups. Our results show that even minor temperature variations can have significant impact on the laser performance using Yb:YAG and Yb:LuAG as an active medium, while Yb:CaF2 appears to be rather insensitive.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.6810) Lasers and laser optics : Thermal effects
(160.3380) Materials : Laser materials
(300.1030) Spectroscopy : Absorption
(300.2140) Spectroscopy : Emission
(300.6170) Spectroscopy : Spectra
(140.3615) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, ytterbium

ToC Category:
Spectroscopy

History
Original Manuscript: April 11, 2012
Revised Manuscript: June 27, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: July 11, 2012
Published: August 24, 2012

Citation
Joerg Koerner, Christian Vorholt, Hartmut Liebetrau, Martin Kahle, Diethard Kloepfel, Reinhard Seifert, Joachim Hein, and Malte C. Kaluza, "Measurement of temperature-dependent absorption and emission spectra of Yb:YAG, Yb:LuAG, and Yb:CaF2 between 20 °C and 200 °C and predictions on their influence on laser performance," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 2493-2502 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-29-9-2493


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J. Koerner, J. Hein, M. Kahle, H. Liebetrau, M. Lenski, M. Kaluza, M. Loeser, and M. Siebold, “Temperature dependent measurement of absorption and emission cross sections for various Yb3+ doped laser materials,” Proc. SPIE 8080808003–808007 (2011). [CrossRef]
  2. D. C. Brown, R. L. Cone, Y. C. Sun, and R. W. Equall, “Yb : YAG absorption at ambient and LF cryogenic temperatures,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 604–612 (2005). [CrossRef]
  3. D. C. Brown, J. M. Singley, K. Kowalewski, J. Guelzow, and V. Vitali, “High sustained average power cw and ultrafast Yb:YAG near-diffraction-limited cryogenic solid-state laser,” Opt. Express 18, 24770–24792 (2010). [CrossRef]
  4. K. Beil, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, F. Tellkamp, R. Peters, C. Krankel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Thermal and laser properties of Yb:LuAG for kW thin disk lasers,” Opt. Express 18, 20712–20722 (2010). [CrossRef]
  5. M. Siebold, M. Hornung, R. Boedefeld, S. Podleska, S. Klingebiel, C. Wandt, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, R. Uecker, A. Jochmann, J. Hein, and M. C. Kaluza, “Terawatt diode-pumped Yb:CaF2 laser,” Opt. Lett. 33, 2770–2772 (2008). [CrossRef]
  6. F. Friebel, F. Druon, J. Boudeile, D. N. Papadopoulos, M. Hanna, P. Georges, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Benayad, R. Moncorge, C. Cassagne, and G. Boudebs, “Diode-pumped 99 fs Yb:CaF2 oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1474–1476 (2009). [CrossRef]
  7. D. S. Sumida and T. Y. Fan, “Effect of radiation trapping on fluorescence lifetime and emission cross-section measurements in solid-state laser media,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1343–1345 (1994). [CrossRef]
  8. H. Kuhn, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, C. Krankel, R. Peters, and K. Petermann, “Model for the calculation of radiation trapping and description of the pinhole method,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1908–1910 (2007). [CrossRef]
  9. W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer, 2006).
  10. D. E. Mccumber, “Einstein relations connecting broadband emission + absorption spectra,” Phys. Rev. A 136, A954–957 (1964). [CrossRef]
  11. S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619–2630 (1992). [CrossRef]
  12. R. M. Martin and R. S. Quimby, “Experimental evidence of the validity of the McCumber theory relating emission and absorption for rare-earth glasses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1770–1775 (2006). [CrossRef]
  13. A. Brenier, Y. Guyot, H. Canibano, G. Boulon, A. Rodenas, D. Jaque, A. Eganyan, and A. G. Petrosyan, “Growth, spectroscopic, and laser properties of Yb3+-doped Lu3Al5O12 garnet crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 676–683 (2006). [CrossRef]
  14. V. Petit, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, X. Portier, and R. Moncorge, “Spectroscopy of Yb3+:CaF2: from isolated centers to clusters,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 085131 (2008). [CrossRef]
  15. D. S. Sumida and T. Y. Fan, “Emission spectra and fluorescence lifetime measurements of Yb:YAG as a function of temperature,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, T. Y. Fan and B. H. T. Chai, eds. (Optical Society of America, 1994), pp. 100–102.
  16. D. S. Sumida, T. Y. Fan, and R. Hutcheson, “Spectroscopy and diode-pumped lasing of Yb3+-doped Lu3Al5O12 (Yb:LuAG),” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, B. H. T. Chai and S. A. Payne, eds. (Optical Society of America, 1995), pp. 348–350.
  17. J. Dong, M. Bass, Y. L. Mao, P. Z. Deng, and F. X. Gan, “Dependence of the Yb3+ emission cross section and lifetime on temperature and concentration in yttrium aluminum garnet,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1975–1979 (2003). [CrossRef]
  18. P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Benayad, M. Von Edlinger, V. Menard, and R. Moncorge, “Comparative spectroscopic and laser properties of Yb3+-doped CaF2, SrF2 and BaF2 single crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 539–542 (2007). [CrossRef]
  19. V. Petit, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorge, “Refined analysis of the luminescent centers in the Yb3+: CaF2 laser crystal,” J. Lumin. 122, 5–7 (2007). [CrossRef]
  20. M. Siebold, M. Loeser, U. Schramm, J. Koerner, M. Wolf, M. Hellwing, J. Hein, and K. Ertel, “High-efficiency, room-temperature nanosecond Yb:YAG laser,” Opt. Express 17, 19887–19893 (2009). [CrossRef]
  21. K. Contag, M. Karszewski, C. Stewen, A. Giesen, and H. Hugel, “Theoretical modelling and experimental investigations of the diode-pumped thin-disk Yb:YAG laser,” Quantum Electron 29, 697–703 (1999). [CrossRef]
  22. S. Toroghi, A. K. Jafari, and A. H. Golpayegani, “The effect of temperature on absorption in end-pumped Yb:YAG thin disk lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 800–803 (2009). [CrossRef]
  23. M. Najafi, A. Sepehr, A. H. Golpaygani, and J. Sabbaghzadeh, “Simulation of thin disk laser pumping process for temperature dependent Yb:YAG property,” Opt. Commun. 282, 4103–4108 (2009). [CrossRef]
  24. J. Speiser, “Thermal modeling of the thin disk laser,” J. Directed Energy 4, 32–70 (2010).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited