OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Editor: Grover Swartzlander
  • Vol. 30, Iss. 1 — Jan. 1, 2013
  • pp: 136–139

Blazed gain grating in a four-level atomic system

Shang-qi Kuang and Hai-gui Yang  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 30, Issue 1, pp. 136-139 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (358 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A blazed gain grating in a four-level atomic system is theoretically demonstrated. This grating is based on the spatial modulation of Raman gain, which is created by an intensity mask in the signal field. Due to the modulo-2π phase modulation, the majority of energy in the amplified probe beam can be deflected into the first-order direction, and a diffraction efficiency higher than 100% is predicted. When an intensity mask having two symmetric domains is adopted, this proposal can give a further possibility of all-optical beam splitting.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(020.1670) Atomic and molecular physics : Coherent optical effects
(050.2770) Diffraction and gratings : Gratings
(270.1670) Quantum optics : Coherent optical effects

ToC Category:
Atomic and Molecular Physics

Original Manuscript: October 31, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: November 14, 2012
Published: December 13, 2012

Shang-qi Kuang and Hai-gui Yang, "Blazed gain grating in a four-level atomic system," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30, 136-139 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633–673 (2005). [CrossRef]
  2. H. Y. Ling, Y. Q. Li, and M. Xiao, “Electromagnetically induced grating: homogeneously broadened medium,” Phys. Rev. A 57, 1338–1344 (1998). [CrossRef]
  3. M. Mitsunaga and N. Imoto, “Observation of an electromagnetically induced grating in cold sodium atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 4773–4776 (1999). [CrossRef]
  4. L. E. E. de Araujo, “Electromagnetically induced phase grating,” Opt. Lett. 35, 977–979 (2010). [CrossRef]
  5. Z. H. Xiao, S. G. Shin, and K. Kim, “An electromagnetically induced grating by microwave modulation,” J. Phys. B 43, 161004 (2010). [CrossRef]
  6. R. G. Wan, J. Kou, L. Jiang, Y. Jiang, and J. Y. Gao, “Electromagnetically induced grating via enhanced nonlinear modulation by spontaneously generated coherence,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 033824 (2011). [CrossRef]
  7. S. Q. Kuang, C. S. Jin, and C. Li, “Gain-phase grating based on spatial modulation of active Raman gain in cold atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 033831 (2011). [CrossRef]
  8. S. Q. Kuang, “Raman gain grating in an ultracold atomic medium,” Chin. Opt. 5, 464–469 (2012). [CrossRef]
  9. L. Deng and M. G. Payne, “Gain-assisted large and rapidly responding Kerr effect using a room-temperature active Raman gain medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 253902 (2007). [CrossRef]
  10. K. J. Jiang, L. Deng, E. W. Hagley, and M. G. Payne, “Fast-responding nonlinear phase shifter using a signal-wave gain medium,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 045804 (2008). [CrossRef]
  11. C. J. Zhu, C. Hang, and G. X. Huang, “Gain-assisted giant Kerr nonlinearity in a Λ-type system with two-folded lower levels,” Eur. Phys. J. D 56, 231–237 (2010). [CrossRef]
  12. L. Zhao, W. H. Duan, and S. F. Yelin, “All-optical beam control with high speed using image-induced blazed gratings in coherent medium,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 013809 (2010). [CrossRef]
  13. S. A. Carvalho and L. E. E. de Araujo, “Electromagnetically induced blazed grating at low light levels,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 053825 (2011). [CrossRef]
  14. A. W. Brown and M. Xiao, “All-optical switching and routing based on an electromagnetically induced absorption grating,” Opt. Lett. 30, 699–701 (2005). [CrossRef]
  15. A. Schilke, C. Zimmermann, and W. Guerin, “Photonic properties of one-dimensionally-ordered cold atomic vapors under conditions of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 023809 (2012). [CrossRef]
  16. G. S. Agarwal and S. Dasgupta, “Superluminal propagation via coherent manipulation of Raman gain process,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 023802 (2004). [CrossRef]
  17. M. V. Pack, R. M. Camacho, and J. C. Howell, “Transient of the electromagnetically-induced-transparency-enhanced refractive Kerr nonlinearity,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 033835 (2007). [CrossRef]
  18. J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics, 2nd ed. (Wiley, 1975).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited