OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Editor: Grover Swartzlander
  • Vol. 30, Iss. 3 — Mar. 1, 2013
  • pp: 641–648

Some optical properties of four-level media via coherent and incoherent pumping fields

Tayebe Naseri, Seyyed Hossein Asadpour, and Rasoul Sadighi-Bonabi  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 30, Issue 3, pp. 641-648 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.30.000641


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (816 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The optical properties of a four-level atomic system via coherent and incoherent pumping fields are investigated. The giant Kerr nonlinearity with reduced linear and nonlinear absorption, which has a major role in decreasing the threshold of optical bistability (OB), can be obtained with subluminal light propagation via adjusting the intensities of coupling fields. An incoherent pumping field is noticed to be an extra parameter to reduce the threshold of OB and multistability, and it can be used as an effective parameter in producing lasing with or without population inversion. In this model, optical multistability is achieved simply by tuning the intensity of coupling laser fields. Furthermore, it is shown that the subluminal and the superluminal light propagation can be obtained by appropriate values of the incoherent pumping rate.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(030.0030) Coherence and statistical optics : Coherence and statistical optics
(190.0190) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics
(270.0270) Quantum optics : Quantum optics

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

History
Original Manuscript: June 21, 2012
Revised Manuscript: August 6, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: August 31, 2012
Published: February 18, 2013

Citation
Tayebe Naseri, Seyyed Hossein Asadpour, and Rasoul Sadighi-Bonabi, "Some optical properties of four-level media via coherent and incoherent pumping fields," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30, 641-648 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-30-3-641


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. M. O. Scully, S. Y. Zhu, and A. Gavrielides, “Degenerate quantum-beat laser: lasing without inversion and inversion without lasing,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 2813–2816 (1989). [CrossRef]
  2. A. Imamoglu, J. E. Field, and S. E. Harris, “Lasers without inversion: a closed lifetime broadened system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1154–1157 (1991). [CrossRef]
  3. S. E. Harris and Y. Yamamoto, “Photon switching by quantum interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3611–3614 (1998). [CrossRef]
  4. Y. P. Niu, S. Q. Gong, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, and X. Y. Liang, “Giant Kerr nonlinearity induced by interacting dark resonance,” Opt. Lett. 30, 3371–3373 (2005). [CrossRef]
  5. A. Kasapi, M. Jain, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: propagation dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2447–2450 (1995). [CrossRef]
  6. M. Xiao, Y. Q. Li, S. Z. Jin, and J. Gea-Banacloche, “Measurement of dispersive properties of electromagnetically induced transparency in rubidium atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 666–669 (1995). [CrossRef]
  7. M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, “Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229–5232 (1999). [CrossRef]
  8. L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, “Light speed reduction to 17 meters per second in an ultracold atomic gas,” Nature 397, 594–598 (1999). [CrossRef]
  9. A. Joshi, W. Yang, and M. Xiao, “Effect of spontaneously generated coherence on the dynamics of multi-level atomic systems,” Phys. Lett. A 68, 015806 (2004). [CrossRef]
  10. J. H. Li, “Controllable optical bistability in a four-subband semiconductor quantum well system,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 155329 (2007). [CrossRef]
  11. S. E. Harris, “Electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Today 50(7), 36–40 (1997). [CrossRef]
  12. S. E. Harris, J. E. Field, and A. Imamoglu, “Nonlinear optical processes using electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 1107–1110 (1990). [CrossRef]
  13. D. Petrosyan and Y. P. Malakyan, “Magneto-optical rotation and cross-phase modulation via coherently driven four-level atoms in a tripod configuration,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 023822 (2004). [CrossRef]
  14. H. Wang, D. Goorskey, and M. Xiao, “Enhanced Kerr nonlinearity via atomic coherence in a three-level atomic system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 073601 (2001). [CrossRef]
  15. H. Kang and Y. Zhu, “Observation of large Kerr nonlinearity at low light intensities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 093601 (2003). [CrossRef]
  16. J. Sheng, X. Yang, H. Wu, and M. Xiao, “Modified self-Kerr-nonlinearity in a four-level N-type atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 053820 (2011). [CrossRef]
  17. L. A. Lugiato and E. Wolf, ed., “Theory of optical bistability,” Prog. Opt. 21, 69–216 (1984). [CrossRef]
  18. A. Joshi, A. Brown, H. Wang, and M. Xiao, “Controlling optical bistability in a three-level atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 041801(R) (2003). [CrossRef]
  19. A. Joshi and M. Xiao, “Atomic optical bistability in two- and three-level systems: perspectives and prospects,” J. Mod. Opt. 57, 1196–1220 (2010). [CrossRef]
  20. J.-H. Li, “Coherent control of optical bistability in tunnel-coupled double quantum wells,” Opt. Commun. 274, 366–371 (2007). [CrossRef]
  21. H. Wu and M. Xiao, “White-light cavity with competing linear and nonlinear dispersions,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 031801(R) (2008). [CrossRef]
  22. R. W. Boyd and D. J. Gauthier, “Slow and fast light,” Prog. Opt. 43, 497–502 (2002). [CrossRef]
  23. M. Fleischhauer, C. H. Kietel, M. O. Scully, and C. Su, “Lasing without inversion and enhancement of the index of refraction via interference of incoherent pump processes,” Opt. Commun. 87, 109–114 (1992). [CrossRef]
  24. B. K. Dutta and P. K. Mahapatra, “Role of incoherent pumping scheme on gain without population inversion in four-level systems,” Phys. Scr. 77, 025403 (2008). [CrossRef]
  25. X. Bai, H. Guo, D. Han, and H. Sun, “Effects of incoherent pumping on the phase control of amplification without inversion in a Λ system with spontaneously generated coherence,” J. Opt. B Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 7, 35–40 (2005). [CrossRef]
  26. J. H. Wu and J. Y. Gao, “Phase control of light amplification without inversion in a Λ system with spontaneously generated coherence,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 063807 (2002). [CrossRef]
  27. J. Li, R. Yu, J. Liu, P. Huang, and X. Yang, “Voltage-controlled optical bistability of a tunable three-level system in a quantum-dot molecule,” J. Phys. E 41, 70–73 (2008). [CrossRef]
  28. J. M. Villas-Boas, A. O. Govorov, and S. E. Ulloa, “Coherent control of tunneling in a quantum dot molecule,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 125342 (2004). [CrossRef]
  29. G. G. Tarasov, Z. Y. Zhuchenko, M. P. Lisitsa, Y. I. Mazur, Z. M. Wang, G. J. Salamo, T. Warming, D. Bimberg, and H. Kissel, “Optical detection of asymmetric quantum-dot molecules in double-layer InAs/GaAs structures,” Semiconductors 40, 79–83 (2006). [CrossRef]
  30. M. O. Scully and M. S. Zubairy, Quantum Optics (Cambridge University, 1997).
  31. R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, 2003).
  32. K. Kim, H. S. Moon, C. Lee, S. K. Kim, and J. B. Kim, “Observation of arbitrary group velocities of light from superluminal to subluminal on a single atomic transition line,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 013810 (2003).
  33. X. M. Hu and Z. Z. Xu, “Phase control of amplitude-fluctuation-induced bistability,” J. Opt. B Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 3, 35–41 (2001). [CrossRef]
  34. W. Harshawerdhan and G. S. Agarwal, “Controlling optical bistability using electromagnetic-field-induced transparency and quantum interferences,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 1812–1817 (1996). [CrossRef]
  35. J.-H. Li, X.-Y. Lü, J.-M. Luo, and Q.-J. Huang, “Optical bistability and multistability via atomic coherence in an N-type atomic medium,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 035801 (2006). [CrossRef]
  36. H. Kang, L. Wen, and Y. Zhu, “Normal and anomalous dispersion and gain in a resonant coherent medium,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 063806 (2003). [CrossRef]
  37. H. Kang, G. Hernandez, and Y. Zhu, “Superluminal and slow light propagation in cold atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 011801(2004). [CrossRef]
  38. D. Bortman-Arbiv, A. D. Wilson-Gordon, and H. Friedman, “Phase control of group velocity: from subluminal to superluminal light propagation,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 043818 (2001). [CrossRef]
  39. W. H. Xu, J. H. Wu, and J. Y. Gao, “Effects of spontaneously generated coherence on transient process in a Λ system,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 063812 (2002). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited