OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Editor: Grover Swartzlander
  • Vol. 30, Iss. 6 — Jun. 1, 2013
  • pp: 1479–1485

Experimental investigation of the cavity modulation frequency detuning effect in an active harmonically mode-locked fiber laser

Junsu Lee and Ju Han Lee  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 30, Issue 6, pp. 1479-1485 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (885 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We report the results of our recent experimental investigation of the cavity modulation frequency detuning effect on the output pulse dynamics in an active harmonically mode-locked erbium fiber laser. Our experimental study, which was carried out over a wide frequency detuning range, shows the existence of three different operating modes that depend on the degree of frequency detuning: (i) harmonic mode-locking, (ii) Q-switched harmonic/fundamental mode-locking, and (iii) a sinusoidal wave modulation mode. For this particular experimental laser configuration, the harmonic mode-locking mode is maintained over the frequency detuning range within ±15kHz, and then the Q-switched harmonic/fundamental mode-locking mode appears over the frequency detuning range from ±16 to ±36kHz. It is found that the Q-switched harmonic/fundamental mode-locking mode always produces both harmonic and fundamental repetition rate mode-locked pulses within a Q-switching envelope. A detailed experimental characterization of the output pulses in each operating mode is performed in terms of average power, pulse peak power, pulse width, and temporal width and repetition rate of the Q-switching envelope.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3510) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, fiber
(140.3540) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, Q-switched
(140.4050) Lasers and laser optics : Mode-locked lasers

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: January 23, 2013
Revised Manuscript: April 16, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: April 16, 2013
Published: May 6, 2013

Junsu Lee and Ju Han Lee, "Experimental investigation of the cavity modulation frequency detuning effect in an active harmonically mode-locked fiber laser," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30, 1479-1485 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. E. Yoshida, N. Shimizu, and M. Nakazawa, “A 40 GHz 0.9 ps regeneratively mode-locked fiber laser with a tuning range of 1530–1560 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1587–1589 (1999). [CrossRef]
  2. H. D. Lee, J. H. Lee, M. Y. Jeong, and C.-S. Kim, “Characterization of wavelength-swept active mode locking fiber laser based on reflective semiconductor optical amplifier,” Opt. Express 19, 14586–14593 (2011). [CrossRef]
  3. G. E. Villanueva, M. Ferri, and P. Pérez-Millán, “Active and passive mode-locked fiber lasers for high-speed high-resolution photonic analog-to-digital conversion,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 1443–1452 (2012). [CrossRef]
  4. C. Wu and N. K. Dutta, “High-repetition-rate optical pulse generation using a rational harmonic mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 145–150 (2000). [CrossRef]
  5. M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, “Ultrastable harmonically and regeneratively mode-locked polarisation-maintaing erbium fibre ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1603–1605 (1994). [CrossRef]
  6. J. S. Wey, J. Goldhar, and G. L. Burdge, “Active harmonic mode-locking of an erbium fiber laser with intracavity Fabry–Perot filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1171–1180 (1997). [CrossRef]
  7. M. Horowitz, C. R. Menyuk, T. F. Carruthers, and I. N. Duling, “Theoretical and experimental study of harmonically mode-locked fiber lasers for optical communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1565–1574 (2000). [CrossRef]
  8. H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, M. Saruwatari, and K. Noguchi, “Generation of highly stable 20 GHz transform-limited optical pulses from actively mode-locked Er3+-doped fibre lasers with an all-polarisation maintaining ring cavity,” Electron. Lett. 28, 2095–2096 (1992). [CrossRef]
  9. Y. M. Jhon, S. Lee, and S. H. Kim, “10 GHz harmonically mode-locked fiber ring laser stabilized by cavity length control for over 16 hours,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 49, 1455–1459 (2006).
  10. H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, “Stabilisation of mode-locked Er-doped fibre laser by suppressing the relaxation oscillation frequency component,” Electron. Lett. 31, 292–293 (1995). [CrossRef]
  11. D. H. Kim, S. H. Kim, Y. M. Jhon, S. Y. Ko, J. C. Jo, and S. S. Choi, “Relaxation-free harmonically mode-locked semiconductor-fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 521–523 (1999). [CrossRef]
  12. G.-R. Lin, M.-C. Wu, and Y.-C. Chang, “Suppression of phase and supermode noise in a harmonic mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser with a semiconductor-optical–amplifier-based high-pass filter,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1834–1836 (2005). [CrossRef]
  13. E. Yoshida and M. Nakazawa, “Wavelength tunable 1.0 ps pulse generation in 1530–1550 μm region from PLL, regeneratively mode-locked fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1753–1754 (1998). [CrossRef]
  14. O. Pottiez, O. Deparis, R. Kiyan, M. Haelterman, P. Emplit, P. Mégret, and M. Blondel, “Supermode noise of harmonically mode-locked erbium fiber lasers with composite cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 252–259 (2002). [CrossRef]
  15. G.-R. Lin, Y.-S. Liao, and J.-R. Wu, “Harmonic injection-locking behavior of frequency-detuned optical pulse in erbium-doped fiber laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 5204–5208 (2004). [CrossRef]
  16. G.-R. Lin and J.-R. Wu, “Tenth-order rational-harmonic frequency multiplication and detuning of optical pulse injection-locked erbium-doped fiber laser,” Appl. Opt. 44, 2416–2420 (2005). [CrossRef]
  17. G.-R. Lin, P.-S. Hsueh, H.-H. Wu, and Y.-S. Liao, “The detuning characteristics of rational harmonic mode-locked semiconductor optical amplifier fiber-ring laser using backward optical sinusoidal-wave injection modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 1325–1333 (2005). [CrossRef]
  18. Y. Li, C. Lou, M. Han, and Y. Gao, “Detuning characteristics of the AM mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 589–597 (2001). [CrossRef]
  19. Y. M. Chang, J. Lee, and J. H. Lee, “Q-switched mode-locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser using cavity modulation frequency detuning,” Appl. Opt. 51, 5295–5301 (2012). [CrossRef]
  20. J.-H. Lin, H.-R. Chen, H.-H. Hsu, M.-D. Wei, K.-H. Lin, and W.-F. Hsieh, “Stable Q-switched mode-locked Nd3+LuVO4 laser by Cr4+:YAG crystal,” Opt. Express 16, 16538–16545 (2008).
  21. Agilent Technologies, “86100 infiniium DCA online help archive,” http://www.home.agilent.com/agilent/editorial.jspx?cc=US&lc= eng&ckey=98996&nid=-33196.536905494.00&id=98996 .

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited