OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Editor: Grover Swartzlander
  • Vol. 30, Iss. 8 — Aug. 1, 2013
  • pp: 2032–2042

Spectroscopic study and Judd–Ofelt analysis of Pr3+-doped Zr–Ba–La–Al glasses in visible spectral range

Melinda Olivier, Jean-Louis Doualan, Virginie Nazabal, Patrice Camy, and Jean-Luc Adam  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 30, Issue 8, pp. 2032-2042 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1086 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Visible transitions in the blue, green, and red of Pr3+ ions are of interest for laser applications. A description of spectroscopic properties of this rare earth ion in Zr–Ba–La–Al (ZBLA) fluorozirconate glass matrix is presented, using an original approach. Magnetic-dipole and electric-dipole contributions are calculated, in the context of the Judd–Ofelt theory, to determine the Ωt (t=2, 4, 6) parameters, lifetime, and branching ratios of P30 emitting level. Influence of overlapping transitions and sensitized transitions are discussed, as well as the use of the standard or normalized method. Branching ratios are measured using an experimental method and compared to theoretical ones. The influence of higher energy and thermally populated P31 and I16 levels on the P30 lifetime is also studied. Considering this influence, a good agreement is found between theoretical and experimental P30 lifetimes. Finally, emission cross sections are calculated for the visible transitions, using either the reciprocity method or the Füchtbauer–Ladenburg formula, for different calculated Judd–Ofelt parameters, highlighting the ability of Pr3+-doped ZBLA to be used as a laser material.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.2540) Materials : Fluorescent and luminescent materials
(160.2750) Materials : Glass and other amorphous materials
(160.3380) Materials : Laser materials
(160.4670) Materials : Optical materials
(160.5690) Materials : Rare-earth-doped materials
(230.3120) Optical devices : Integrated optics devices

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: April 16, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: May 9, 2013
Published: July 5, 2013

Melinda Olivier, Jean-Louis Doualan, Virginie Nazabal, Patrice Camy, and Jean-Luc Adam, "Spectroscopic study and Judd–Ofelt analysis of Pr3+-doped Zr–Ba–La–Al glasses in visible spectral range," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30, 2032-2042 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. E. Osiac, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kuck, E. Sani, A. Toncelli, and M. Tonelli, “Orange and red upconversion laser pumped by an avalanche mechanism in Pr3+, Yb3+:BaY2F8,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3832–3834 (2003). [CrossRef]
  2. M. Mortier, P. Goldner, P. Féron, G. M. Stephan, H. Xu, and Z. Cai, “New fluoride glasses for laser applications,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 326–327, 505–509 (2003). [CrossRef]
  3. C. M. Baldwin, R. M. Almeida, and J. D. Mackenzie, “Halide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 43, 309–344 (1981). [CrossRef]
  4. S. Aasland, M. A. Einarsrud, T. Grande, A. Grzechnik, and P. F. McMillan, “The structure of ternary fluorozirconate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 213–214, 341–344 (1997). [CrossRef]
  5. C. Charron, E. Fogret, G. Fonteneau, R. Rimet, and J. Lucas, “Fluoride glass planar optical waveguides,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 184, 222–224 (1995). [CrossRef]
  6. H. Okamoto, K. Kasuga, and Y. Kubota, “Efficient 521 nm all-fiber laser: splicing Pr3+-doped ZBLAN fiber to end-coated silica fiber,” Opt. Lett. 36, 1470–1472 (2011). [CrossRef]
  7. H. Okamoto, K. Kasuga, I. Hara, and Y. Kubota, “Visible-NIR tunable Pr3+-doped fiber laser pumped by a GaN laser diode,” Opt. Express 17, 20227–20232 (2009). [CrossRef]
  8. M. Olivier, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, H. Lhermite, P. Pirasteh, J. N. Coulon, A. Braud, J. L. Adam, and V. Nazabal, “Optical amplification of Pr3+-doped ZBLA channel waveguides for visible laser emission,” Opt. Express 20, 25064–25070 (2012). [CrossRef]
  9. R. S. Quimby and W. J. Miniscalco, “Modified Judd-Ofelt technique and application to optical transitions in Pr3+-doped glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 613–615 (1994). [CrossRef]
  10. J. A. Medeiros Neto, D. W. Hewak, and H. Tate, “Application of a modified Judd-Ofelt theory to praseodymium-doped fluoride glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 183, 201–207 (1995). [CrossRef]
  11. P. Goldner and F. Auzel, “Application of standard and modified Judd-Ofelt theories to a praseodymium-doped fluorozirconate glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 79, 7972–7977 (1996). [CrossRef]
  12. J. L. Adam and W. A. Sibley, “Optical transitions of Pr3+ ions in fluorozirconate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 76, 267–279 (1985). [CrossRef]
  13. M. Eyal, E. Greenberg, R. Reisfeld, and N. Spector, “Spectroscopy of praseodymium(III) in zirconium fluoride glass,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 117, 108–114 (1985). [CrossRef]
  14. X. Z. a. N. Peyghambarian, “High-power ZBLAN glass fiber lasers: review and prospect,” Adv. Optoelectron. 2010, 501956 (2010).
  15. B. P. Petreski, “Optical amplification on the P03F32 transition in praseodymium-doped fluorozirconate fiber,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 18, 21–32 (1999). [CrossRef]
  16. B. Di Bartolo, O. Forte, and B. Walsh, “Judd-Ofelt Theory: principles and practices” in Advances in Spectroscopy for Lasers and Sensing (Springer, 2006), pp. 403–433.
  17. E. Dunina, A. Kornienko, and L. Fomicheva, “Modified theory of f-f transition intensities and crystal field for systems with anomalously strong configuration interaction,” Central Eur. J. Phys. 6, 407–414 (2008). [CrossRef]
  18. A. Remillieux, B. Jacquier, C. Linares, C. Lesergent, S. Artigaud, D. Bayard, L. Hamon, and J. L. Beylat, “Upconversion mechanisms of a praseodymium-doped fluoride fibre amplifier,” J. Phys. D 29, 963 (1996). [CrossRef]
  19. B. R. Judd, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev. 127, 750 (1962). [CrossRef]
  20. G. S. Ofelt, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37, 511–520 (1962). [CrossRef]
  21. M. J. Weber, “Spontaneous emission probabilities and quantum efficiencies for excited states of Pr3+ in LaF3,” J. Chem. Phys. 48, 4774–4780 (1968). [CrossRef]
  22. D. E. McCumber, “Einstein relations connecting broadband emission and absorption spectra,” Phys. Rev. 136, A954 (1964). [CrossRef]
  23. S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619–2630 (1992). [CrossRef]
  24. W. B. Fowler and D. L. Dexter, “Relation between absorption and emission probabilities in luminescent centers in ionic solids,” Phys. Rev. 128, 2154 (1962). [CrossRef]
  25. M. Olivier, P. Pirasteh, J.-L. Doualan, P. Camy, H. Lhermite, J.-L. Adam, and V. Nazabal, “Pr3+-doped ZBLA fluoride glasses for visible laser emission,” Opt. Mater. 33, 980–984 (2011). [CrossRef]
  26. R. Reisfeld, M. Eyal, and C. K. Jørgensen, “Comparison of laser properties of rare earths in oxide and fluoride glasses,” J. Less-Common Met. 126, 187–194 (1986). [CrossRef]
  27. B. P. Petreski, P. M. Farrell, and S. F. Collins, “Cross-relaxation in praseodymium-doped fluorozirconate glass,” Opt. Commun. 132, 89–93 (1996). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited