OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Editor: Grover Swartzlander
  • Vol. 30, Iss. 8 — Aug. 1, 2013
  • pp: 2206–2214

On-axis time-resolved spatial characterization of shock-induced refractive fringes in liquid water

B. Sitalakshmi, Ashoka Vudayagiri, Sunku Sreedhar, and Nirmal K. Viswanathan  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 30, Issue 8, pp. 2206-2214 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.30.002206


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (991 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We report here the on-axis measurement of time-resolved spatial characterization of refractive fringes due to nanosecond-laser-induced shock waves in liquid water. The complex shadowgraphic fringes due to interference of multiple shock waves observed in the transverse measurements are completely avoided in the on-axis measurements due to the fact that the outermost region of the shock front acts as a radially symmetric phase object to the probe beam, refraction from which results in clean and continuous fringes observed by the intensified charge coupled detector (ICCD) detector. A detailed analysis of different types of time-resolved fringes obtained in the on-axis measurement for fixed laser pulse energy leads us to an alternate and better way to analyze the fringes to obtain the shock wave velocity and the density profile in the entire region surrounding the shock origin, which will enable 3D imaging of shock wave dynamics.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3440) Lasers and laser optics : Laser-induced breakdown
(320.4240) Ultrafast optics : Nanosecond phenomena
(080.5692) Geometric optics : Ray trajectories in inhomogeneous media

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

History
Original Manuscript: March 22, 2013
Revised Manuscript: June 25, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: June 28, 2013
Published: July 22, 2013

Citation
B. Sitalakshmi, Ashoka Vudayagiri, Sunku Sreedhar, and Nirmal K. Viswanathan, "On-axis time-resolved spatial characterization of shock-induced refractive fringes in liquid water," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30, 2206-2214 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-30-8-2206


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. G. Ben-Dor, O. Igra, and T. Elperin, Handbook of Shock Waves, Vol. 1, 1st ed. (Academic, 2000).
  2. G. A. Lyzengab, T. J. Ahrens, W. J. Nellis, and A. C. Mitchell, “The temperature of shock-compressed water,” J. Chem. Phys. 76, 6282–6286 (1982). [CrossRef]
  3. D. H. Dolan and Y. M. Gupta, “Nanosecond freezing of water under multiple shock wave compression: optical transmission and imaging measurements,” J. Chem. Phys. 121, 9050–9056 (2004). [CrossRef]
  4. L. Marti-Lopez, R. Ocanaa, E. Pineiroc, and A. Asensio, “Laser peening induced shock waves and cavitation bubbles in water studied by optical schlieren visualization,” Phys. Procedia 12, 442–451 (2011).
  5. A. Nath and A. Khare, “Laser-induced high-pressure and high-temperature conditions at the titanium–water interface and their implication on TiO2 nanoparticles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 351–356 (2012).
  6. D. Song, M. H. Hong, B. Lukyanchuk, and T. C. Chong, “Laser-induced cavitation bubbles for cleaning of solid surfaces,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 2952–2956 (2004). [CrossRef]
  7. A. Vogel, S. Busch, and U. Parlitz, “Shock wave emission and cavitation bubble generation by picosecond and nanosecond optical breakdown in water,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 100, 148–165 (1996). [CrossRef]
  8. A. Brujan and A. Vogel, “Stress wave emission and cavitation bubble dynamics by nanosecond optical breakdown in a tissue phantom,” J. Fluid Mech. 558, 281–308 (2006). [CrossRef]
  9. C. Richard and K. O. Friedrichs, Supersonic Flow and Shock Waves, 1st ed. (Interscience, 1948).
  10. L. Marti-Lopez, R. Ocana, J. A. Porro, M. Morales, and J. L. Ocana, “Optical observation of shock waves and cavitation bubbles in high intensity laser-induced shock processes,” Appl. Opt. 48, 3671–3680 (2009). [CrossRef]
  11. L. Rodriguez and R. Escalona, “Fourier transforms method for measuring thermal lens induced in diluted liquid samples,” Opt. Commun. 277, 57–62 (2007). [CrossRef]
  12. G. Paltauf, R. Nuster, M. Haltmeier, and P. Burgholzer, “Photoacoustic tomography using a Mach–Zehnder interferometer as an acoustic line detector,” Appl. Opt. 46, 3352–3358 (2007). [CrossRef]
  13. G. S. Settles, Schlieren and Shadowgraph Techniques (Springer-Verlag, 2001).
  14. J. Noack and A. Vogel, “Laser-induced plasma formation in water at nanosecond to femtosecond time scales: calculation of thresholds, absorption coefficients, and energy density,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1156–1167 (1999). [CrossRef]
  15. A. Vogel, K. Nahen, D. Theisen, and J. Noack, “Plasma formation in water by picosecond and nanosecond Nd:YAG laser pulses—Part I: optical breakdown at threshold and superthreshold irradiance,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 847–860 (1996). [CrossRef]
  16. M. M. Michaelis and O. Willi, “Refractive fringe diagnostics of laser produced plasmas,” Opt. Commun. 36, 153–158 (1981). [CrossRef]
  17. C. M. Vest, “Interferometry of strongly refracting axisymmetric phase objects,” Appl. Opt. 14, 1601–1606 (1975). [CrossRef]
  18. M. M. Michaelis, J. A. Waltham, and P. F. Cunningham, “Refractive fringe diagnostic of spherical shocks,” Opt. Laser Technol. 23, 283–288 (1991). [CrossRef]
  19. R. Benatta and C. Popovics, “Validity of spherical quantitative refractometry: application to laser-produced plasmas,” J. Appl. Phys. 54, 603–608 (1983). [CrossRef]
  20. M. M. Michaelis, N. Bhagwandin, and P. Cunningham, “Flame focusing of laser beams and refractive fringe formation,” Opt. Commun. 52, 371–376 (1985). [CrossRef]
  21. J. A. Waltham, P. F. Cunningham, M. M. Michaelis, K. N. Campbell, and M. Notcutt, “The application of the refractive fringe diagnostic to shocks in air,” Opt. Laser Technol. 19, 203–208 (1987). [CrossRef]
  22. S. Siano, G. Pacini, R. Pini, and R. Salimbeni, “Reliability of refractive fringe diagnostics to control plasma-mediated laser ablation,” Opt. Commun. 154, 319–324 (1998). [CrossRef]
  23. A. Vogel, J. Noack, K. Nahen, D. Theisen, S. Busch, U. Parlitz, D. X. Hammer, G. D. Noojin, B. A. Rockwell, and R. Birngruber, “Energy balance of optical breakdown in water at nanosecond to femtosecond time scales,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 271–280 (1999). [CrossRef]
  24. P. F. Cunningham, R. N. Campbell, and M. M. Michaelis, “Refractive fringe diagnostics of a ruby-laser produced plasma using a short pulse, short wavelength nitrogen laser,” J. Phys. E 19, 957–960 (1986). [CrossRef]
  25. R. Petkovšek, J. Mozina, and G. Mocnik, “Optodynamic characterization of the shock waves after laser-induced breakdown in water,” Opt. Express 13, 4107–4112 (2005). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited