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Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Editor: Grover Swartzlander
  • Vol. 31, Iss. 3 — Mar. 1, 2014
  • pp: 559–564

Liquid metacrystals

Alexander A. Zharov, Alexander A. Zharov, Jr., and Nina A. Zharova  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 31, Issue 3, pp. 559-564 (2014)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.31.000559


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Abstract

We introduce a new type of metamaterial, which we call liquid metacrystals (LMCs), consisting of elongated particles (meta-atoms) suspended in viscous liquid. A constant homogeneous external electric field applied to such a material induces polarization of the meta-atoms and orients them along one axis, resulting in anisotropic electromagnetic properties of the system. The axis of anisotropy can be reoriented, and this type of tunability resembles that of liquid crystals in the nematic phase. Moreover, meta-atoms also reorient in response to the high-frequency electromagnetic waves, suggesting strong nonlinear properties of the LMCs. The artificial meta-atoms can be designed as classical oscillators to enhance their tunability. As a particular example of an electromagnetic wave control by LMCs, we study linear and nonlinear transmission of radiation through a slab of this metamaterial.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.1190) Materials : Anisotropic optical materials
(160.4760) Materials : Optical properties
(160.1245) Materials : Artificially engineered materials
(160.3918) Materials : Metamaterials

ToC Category:
Materials

History
Original Manuscript: November 20, 2013
Revised Manuscript: January 12, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: January 20, 2014
Published: February 20, 2014

Citation
Alexander A. Zharov, Alexander A. Zharov, and Nina A. Zharova, "Liquid metacrystals," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 559-564 (2014)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-31-3-559


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