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Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Editor: Grover Swartzlander
  • Vol. 31, Iss. 8 — Aug. 1, 2014
  • pp: 1981–1985

Phase-controlled optical bistability via electromagnetically induced absorption

Azar Vafafard, Hadisossadat Zaakeri, Lida Ebrahimi Zohravi, and Mohammad Mahmoudi  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 31, Issue 8, pp. 1981-1985 (2014)

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The optical properties of a four-level double-V-type closed-loop system is studied in the multiphoton resonance condition. It is shown that the phase-dependent electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) window is established and by changing the relative phase of the applied fields, EIT switches to electromagnetically induced absorption. Moreover, the optical bistability (OB) behavior of the system is studied, and it is demonstrated that the cross-Kerr-effect-induced OB depends on the relative phase of the applied fields, and it can be controlled by either intensity or relative phase of laser fields. By applying a microwave field to drive the hyperfine transition between two lower states, the optical properties change and OB switches to optical multistability. This can be used for detection of longer wavelengths than visible light.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.1450) Nonlinear optics : Bistability
(190.3270) Nonlinear optics : Kerr effect
(190.4180) Nonlinear optics : Multiphoton processes
(350.4010) Other areas of optics : Microwaves

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

Original Manuscript: February 18, 2014
Revised Manuscript: June 10, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: June 30, 2014
Published: July 31, 2014

Azar Vafafard, Hadisossadat Zaakeri, Lida Ebrahimi Zohravi, and Mohammad Mahmoudi, "Phase-controlled optical bistability via electromagnetically induced absorption," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 1981-1985 (2014)

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