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Passively Q-switched 1.56 μm all-fiberized laser based on evanescent field interaction with bulk-structured bismuth telluride topological insulatorJoonhoi Koo, Junsu Lee, Cheolhwan Chi, and Ju Han Lee »View Author Affiliations
Joonhoi Koo,
Junsu Lee,
Cheolhwan Chi,
and Ju Han Lee^{*}
^{}School of Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty of Engineering, University of Seoul 163 Seoulsiripdae-ro, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul 130-743, South Korea ^{*}Corresponding author: j.h.lee@ieee.org |
JOSA B, Vol. 31, Issue 9, pp. 2157-2162 (2014)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.31.002157
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Abstract
We experimentally investigated the use of a bulk-structured bismuth telluride (
© 2014 Optical Society of America
OCIS Codes
(140.3510) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, fiber
(140.3540) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, Q-switched
(160.4330) Materials : Nonlinear optical materials
ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics
History
Original Manuscript: April 8, 2014
Revised Manuscript: July 28, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: July 31, 2014
Published: August 25, 2014
Citation
Joonhoi Koo, Junsu Lee, Cheolhwan Chi, and Ju Han Lee, "Passively Q-switched 1.56 μm all-fiberized laser based on evanescent field interaction with bulk-structured bismuth telluride topological insulator," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2157-2162 (2014)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-31-9-2157
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References
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- Y. S. Hor, A. Richardella, P. Roushan, Y. Xia, J. G. Checkelsky, A. Yazdani, M. Z. Hasan, N. P. Ong, and R. J. Cava, “p-type Bi2Se3 for topological insulator and low temperature thermoelectric applications,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 195208 (2009). [CrossRef]
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- P. Tang, X. Zhang, C. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Shen, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1500707 (2013). [CrossRef]
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- M. Wu, Y. Chen, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “Nanosecond Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with wide pulse-repetition-rate range based on topological insulator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 50, 393–396 (2014). [CrossRef]
- Y. Chen, C. Zhao, S. Chen, J. Du, P. Tang, G. Jiang, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Large energy, wavelength widely tunable, topological insulator Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 20, 0900508 (2014).
- J. Lee, J. Koo, Y.-M. Jhon, and J. H. Lee, “A femtosecond pulse erbium fiber laser incorporating a saturable absorber based on bulk-structured Bi2Te3 topological insulator,” Opt. Express 22, 6165–6173 (2014). [CrossRef]
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- H. Bando, K. Koizumi, Y. Oikawa, K. Daikohara, V. A. Kulbachinskii, and H. Ozaki, “The time-dependent process of oxidation of the surface of Bi2Te3 studied by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 12, 5607–5616 (2000). [CrossRef]
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- Z. Luo, Y. Huang, J. Wang, H. Cheng, Z. Cai, and C. Ye, “Multiwavelength dissipative-soliton generation in Yb-fiber laser using graphene-deposited fiber-taper,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1539–1542 (2012). [CrossRef]
- J. Sotor, G. Sobon, W. Macherzynski, and K. M. Abramski, “Harmonically mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on a Sb2Te3 topological insulator saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 055102 (2014). [CrossRef]
- Y. L. Chen, J. G. Analytis, J.-H. Chu, Z. K. Liu, S.-K. Mo, X. L. Qi, H. J. Zhang, D. H. Lu, X. Dai, Z. Fang, S. C. Zhang, I. R. Fisher, Z. Hussain, and Z.-X. Shen, “Experimental realization of a three-dimensional topological insulator Bi2Te3,” Science 325, 178–181 (2009). [CrossRef]
- D. Teweldebrhan, V. Goyal, and A. A. Balandin, “Exfoliation and characterization of bismuth telluride atomic quintuples and quasi-two-dimensional crystals,” Nano Lett. 10, 1209–1218 (2010). [CrossRef]
- H. Bando, K. Koizumi, Y. Oikawa, K. Daikohara, V. A. Kulbachinskii, and H. Ozaki, “The time-dependent process of oxidation of the surface of Bi2Te3 studied by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 12, 5607–5616 (2000). [CrossRef]
- K. Wang, Y. Liu, W. Wang, N. Meyer, L. H. Bao, L. He, M. R. Lang, Z. G. Chen, X. Y. Che, K. Post, J. Zou, D. N. Basov, K. L. Wang, and F. Xiu, “High-quality Bi2Te3 thin films grown on mica substrates for potential optoelectronic applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 031605 (2013). [CrossRef]
- K. Wang, Y. Liu, W. Wang, N. Meyer, L. H. Bao, L. He, M. R. Lang, Z. G. Chen, X. Y. Che, K. Post, J. Zou, D. N. Basov, K. L. Wang, and F. Xiu, “High-quality Bi2Te3 thin films grown on mica substrates for potential optoelectronic applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 031605 (2013). [CrossRef]
- S. Bensaid, M. Brignone, A. Ziggiotti, and S. Specchia, “High efficiency thermo-electric power generator,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 37, 1385–1398 (2012). [CrossRef]
- F. Bernard, H. Zhang, S.-P. Gorza, and P. Emplit, “Towards mode-locked fiber laser using topological insulators,” in Nonlinear Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper NTh1A.5.
- B. A. Bernevig, T. L. Hughes, and S.-C. Zhang, “Quantum spin Hall effect and topological phase transition in HgTe quantum wells,” Science 314, 1757–1761 (2006). [CrossRef]
- S. Bensaid, M. Brignone, A. Ziggiotti, and S. Specchia, “High efficiency thermo-electric power generator,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 37, 1385–1398 (2012). [CrossRef]
- M. Veldhorst, C. G. Molenaar, X. L. Wang, H. Hilgenkamp, and A. Brinkman, “Experimental realization of superconducting quantum interference devices with topological insulator junctions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 072602 (2012). [CrossRef]
- Z. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Huang, D. Wu, J. Wu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, Z. Lin, L. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-insulator passively Q-switched double-clad fiber laser at 2 μm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 20, 0902708 (2014). [CrossRef]
- Z. Luo, Y. Huang, J. Weng, H. Cheng, Z. Lin, B. Xu, Z. Cai, and H. Xu, “1.06 μm Q-switched ytterbium-doped fiber laser using few-layer topological insulator Bi2Se3 as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 21, 29516–29522 (2013). [CrossRef]
- Z. Luo, Y. Huang, J. Wang, H. Cheng, Z. Cai, and C. Ye, “Multiwavelength dissipative-soliton generation in Yb-fiber laser using graphene-deposited fiber-taper,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1539–1542 (2012). [CrossRef]
- Y. S. Hor, A. Richardella, P. Roushan, Y. Xia, J. G. Checkelsky, A. Yazdani, M. Z. Hasan, N. P. Ong, and R. J. Cava, “p-type Bi2Se3 for topological insulator and low temperature thermoelectric applications,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 195208 (2009). [CrossRef]
- D. Hsieh, D. Qian, L. Wray, Y. Xia, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “A topological Dirac insulator in a quantum spin hall phase,” Nature 452, 970–974 (2008). [CrossRef]
- K. Wang, Y. Liu, W. Wang, N. Meyer, L. H. Bao, L. He, M. R. Lang, Z. G. Chen, X. Y. Che, K. Post, J. Zou, D. N. Basov, K. L. Wang, and F. Xiu, “High-quality Bi2Te3 thin films grown on mica substrates for potential optoelectronic applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 031605 (2013). [CrossRef]
- Y. S. Hor, A. Richardella, P. Roushan, Y. Xia, J. G. Checkelsky, A. Yazdani, M. Z. Hasan, N. P. Ong, and R. J. Cava, “p-type Bi2Se3 for topological insulator and low temperature thermoelectric applications,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 195208 (2009). [CrossRef]
- S. Chen, C. Zhao, Y. Li, H. Huang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “Broadband optical and microwave nonlinear response in topological insulator,” Opt. Mater. Express 4, 587–596 (2014). [CrossRef]
- Y. Chen, C. Zhao, S. Chen, J. Du, P. Tang, G. Jiang, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Large energy, wavelength widely tunable, topological insulator Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 20, 0900508 (2014).
- Y. Chen, C. Zhao, H. Huang, S. Chen, P. Tang, Z. Wang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Self-assembled topological insulator: Bi2Se3 membrane as a passive Q-switcher in an erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 2857–2863 (2013). [CrossRef]
- Y. Chen, C. Zhao, S. Chen, J. Du, P. Tang, G. Jiang, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Large energy, wavelength widely tunable, topological insulator Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 20, 0900508 (2014).
- M. Wu, Y. Chen, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “Nanosecond Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with wide pulse-repetition-rate range based on topological insulator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 50, 393–396 (2014). [CrossRef]
- Y. Chen, C. Zhao, H. Huang, S. Chen, P. Tang, Z. Wang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Self-assembled topological insulator: Bi2Se3 membrane as a passive Q-switcher in an erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 2857–2863 (2013). [CrossRef]
- C. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 211106 (2012). [CrossRef]
- Y. L. Chen, J. G. Analytis, J.-H. Chu, Z. K. Liu, S.-K. Mo, X. L. Qi, H. J. Zhang, D. H. Lu, X. Dai, Z. Fang, S. C. Zhang, I. R. Fisher, Z. Hussain, and Z.-X. Shen, “Experimental realization of a three-dimensional topological insulator Bi2Te3,” Science 325, 178–181 (2009). [CrossRef]
- K. Wang, Y. Liu, W. Wang, N. Meyer, L. H. Bao, L. He, M. R. Lang, Z. G. Chen, X. Y. Che, K. Post, J. Zou, D. N. Basov, K. L. Wang, and F. Xiu, “High-quality Bi2Te3 thin films grown on mica substrates for potential optoelectronic applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 031605 (2013). [CrossRef]
- Z. Luo, Y. Huang, J. Weng, H. Cheng, Z. Lin, B. Xu, Z. Cai, and H. Xu, “1.06 μm Q-switched ytterbium-doped fiber laser using few-layer topological insulator Bi2Se3 as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 21, 29516–29522 (2013). [CrossRef]
- Z. Luo, Y. Huang, J. Wang, H. Cheng, Z. Cai, and C. Ye, “Multiwavelength dissipative-soliton generation in Yb-fiber laser using graphene-deposited fiber-taper,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1539–1542 (2012). [CrossRef]
- C. Chi, J. Lee, J. Koo, and J. H. Lee, “All-normal dispersion dissipative soliton fiber laser at 1.06 μm using a bulk-structured Bi2Te3 topological insulator-deposited side-polished fiber,” Laser Phys. 24, 105106 (2014).
- Y. L. Chen, J. G. Analytis, J.-H. Chu, Z. K. Liu, S.-K. Mo, X. L. Qi, H. J. Zhang, D. H. Lu, X. Dai, Z. Fang, S. C. Zhang, I. R. Fisher, Z. Hussain, and Z.-X. Shen, “Experimental realization of a three-dimensional topological insulator Bi2Te3,” Science 325, 178–181 (2009). [CrossRef]
- Y. L. Chen, J. G. Analytis, J.-H. Chu, Z. K. Liu, S.-K. Mo, X. L. Qi, H. J. Zhang, D. H. Lu, X. Dai, Z. Fang, S. C. Zhang, I. R. Fisher, Z. Hussain, and Z.-X. Shen, “Experimental realization of a three-dimensional topological insulator Bi2Te3,” Science 325, 178–181 (2009). [CrossRef]
- H. Zhang, C.-X. Liu, X.-L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S.-C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5, 438–442 (2009). [CrossRef]
- H. Bando, K. Koizumi, Y. Oikawa, K. Daikohara, V. A. Kulbachinskii, and H. Ozaki, “The time-dependent process of oxidation of the surface of Bi2Te3 studied by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 12, 5607–5616 (2000). [CrossRef]
- Y. Chen, C. Zhao, S. Chen, J. Du, P. Tang, G. Jiang, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Large energy, wavelength widely tunable, topological insulator Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 20, 0900508 (2014).
- E. J. Winder, G. C. Lisensky, and A. B. Ellis, “Thermoelectric devices: solid-state refrigerators and electrical generators in the classroom,” J. Chem. Edu. 73, 940–946 (1996). [CrossRef]
- F. Bernard, H. Zhang, S.-P. Gorza, and P. Emplit, “Towards mode-locked fiber laser using topological insulators,” in Nonlinear Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper NTh1A.5.
- P. Tang, X. Zhang, C. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Shen, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1500707 (2013). [CrossRef]
- H. Zhang, C.-X. Liu, X.-L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S.-C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5, 438–442 (2009). [CrossRef]
- Y. L. Chen, J. G. Analytis, J.-H. Chu, Z. K. Liu, S.-K. Mo, X. L. Qi, H. J. Zhang, D. H. Lu, X. Dai, Z. Fang, S. C. Zhang, I. R. Fisher, Z. Hussain, and Z.-X. Shen, “Experimental realization of a three-dimensional topological insulator Bi2Te3,” Science 325, 178–181 (2009). [CrossRef]
- Y. L. Chen, J. G. Analytis, J.-H. Chu, Z. K. Liu, S.-K. Mo, X. L. Qi, H. J. Zhang, D. H. Lu, X. Dai, Z. Fang, S. C. Zhang, I. R. Fisher, Z. Hussain, and Z.-X. Shen, “Experimental realization of a three-dimensional topological insulator Bi2Te3,” Science 325, 178–181 (2009). [CrossRef]
- F. Bernard, H. Zhang, S.-P. Gorza, and P. Emplit, “Towards mode-locked fiber laser using topological insulators,” in Nonlinear Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper NTh1A.5.
- D. Teweldebrhan, V. Goyal, and A. A. Balandin, “Exfoliation and characterization of bismuth telluride atomic quintuples and quasi-two-dimensional crystals,” Nano Lett. 10, 1209–1218 (2010). [CrossRef]
- L. Ren, X. Qi, Y. Liu, G. Hao, Z. Huang, X. Zou, L. Yang, J. Li, and J. Zhong, “Large-scale production of ultrathin topological insulator bismuth telluride nanosheets by a hydrothermal intercalation and exfoliation route,” J. Mater. Chem. 22, 4921–4926 (2012). [CrossRef]
- M. Z. Hasan and C. L. Kane, “Colloquium: topological insulators,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 3045–3067 (2010). [CrossRef]
- Y. S. Hor, A. Richardella, P. Roushan, Y. Xia, J. G. Checkelsky, A. Yazdani, M. Z. Hasan, N. P. Ong, and R. J. Cava, “p-type Bi2Se3 for topological insulator and low temperature thermoelectric applications,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 195208 (2009). [CrossRef]
- D. Hsieh, D. Qian, L. Wray, Y. Xia, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “A topological Dirac insulator in a quantum spin hall phase,” Nature 452, 970–974 (2008). [CrossRef]
- K. Wang, Y. Liu, W. Wang, N. Meyer, L. H. Bao, L. He, M. R. Lang, Z. G. Chen, X. Y. Che, K. Post, J. Zou, D. N. Basov, K. L. Wang, and F. Xiu, “High-quality Bi2Te3 thin films grown on mica substrates for potential optoelectronic applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 031605 (2013). [CrossRef]
- M. Veldhorst, C. G. Molenaar, X. L. Wang, H. Hilgenkamp, and A. Brinkman, “Experimental realization of superconducting quantum interference devices with topological insulator junctions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 072602 (2012). [CrossRef]
- Y. S. Hor, A. Richardella, P. Roushan, Y. Xia, J. G. Checkelsky, A. Yazdani, M. Z. Hasan, N. P. Ong, and R. J. Cava, “p-type Bi2Se3 for topological insulator and low temperature thermoelectric applications,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 195208 (2009). [CrossRef]
- D. Hsieh, D. Qian, L. Wray, Y. Xia, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “A topological Dirac insulator in a quantum spin hall phase,” Nature 452, 970–974 (2008). [CrossRef]
- D. Hsieh, D. Qian, L. Wray, Y. Xia, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “A topological Dirac insulator in a quantum spin hall phase,” Nature 452, 970–974 (2008). [CrossRef]
- H.-J. Noh, H. Koh, S.-J. Oh, J.-H. Park, H.-D. Kim, J. D. Rameau, T. Valla, T. E. Kidd, P. D. Johnson, Y. Hu, and Q. Li, “Spin-orbit interaction effect in the electronic structure of Bi2Te3 observed by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy,” Europhys. Lett. 81, 57006 (2008). [CrossRef]
- S. Chen, C. Zhao, Y. Li, H. Huang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “Broadband optical and microwave nonlinear response in topological insulator,” Opt. Mater. Express 4, 587–596 (2014). [CrossRef]
- Y. Chen, C. Zhao, H. Huang, S. Chen, P. Tang, Z. Wang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Self-assembled topological insulator: Bi2Se3 membrane as a passive Q-switcher in an erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 2857–2863 (2013). [CrossRef]
- H. Huang, W. Luan, J.-S. Zhang, Y.-S. Qi, and S.-T. Tu, “Thermoelectric hydrogen sensor working at room temperature prepared by bismuth-telluride P-N couples and Pt/γ-Al2O3,” Sens. Actuators B 128, 581–585 (2008). [CrossRef]
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IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron
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Int. J. Hydrogen Energy
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Nature
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Phys. Rev. B
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Science
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