OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Vol. 4, Iss. 4 — Apr. 1, 1987
  • pp: 547–562

Core-excited metastable levels: application to spectroscopy, to the generation of picosecond extreme-ultraviolet pulses, and to lasers

S. E. Harris and J. F. Young  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 4, Issue 4, pp. 547-562 (1987)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.4.000547


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (1723 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The paper reviews both the properties and the applications of core-excited metastable atoms. The production of these atoms by microwaves, pulsed hollow-cathode discharges, and laser-produced x rays is described. We discuss the application of these atoms to several new types of spectroscopy that allow autoionizing linewidths as narrow as 0.1 cm-1 to be measured. The application of these metastables to the generation of picosecond-time-scale soft-x-ray pulses and to XUV lasers is also discussed.

© 1987 Optical Society of America

Citation
S. E. Harris and J. F. Young, "Core-excited metastable levels: application to spectroscopy, to the generation of picosecond extreme-ultraviolet pulses, and to lasers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 547-562 (1987)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-4-4-547


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. S. E. Harris, "Spontaneous anti-Stokes scattering as a highresolution and picosecond-time-scale VUV light source," Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 498 (1977).
  2. R. G. Caro, J. C. Wang, R. W. Falcone, J. F. Young, and S. E. Harris, "Soft x-ray pumping of metastable levels of Li+," Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 9 (1983).
  3. S. E. Harris, R. G. Caro, R. W. Falcone, D. E. Holmgren, J. E. Rothenberg, D. J. Walker, J. C. Wang, J. R. Willison, and J. F. Young, "Metastability in the XUV: lasers and spectroscopy," in Atomic Physics 9, R. S. Van Dyck, Jr., and E. N. Fortson, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1985), pp. 462–479.
  4. S. A. Hyman and J. D. Daugherty, "Lithium-ion soft-x-ray laser," J. Appl. Phys. 47, 3099 (1976); H. A. Hyman and S. A. Mani, "Effect of autoionizing states on the proposed lithium soft x-ray laser," Opt. Commun. 20, 209 (1977).
  5. P. Feldman and R. Novick, "Autoionizing states in the alkali atoms with microsecond lifetimes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 11, 278 (1963); "Auto-ionizing states in the alkali atoms with microsecond lifetimes," Phys. Rev. 160, 143 (1967).
  6. J. R. Willison, R. W. Falcone, J. C. Wang, J. F. Young, and S. E. Harris, "Emission spectra of core-exscited even-parity 2P states of neutral lithium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 44, 1125 (1980).
  7. S. E. Harris, "Proposal for a 207-Å laser in lithium," Opt. Lett. 5, 1 (1980).
  8. J. E. Rothenberg and S. E. Harris, "XUV lasers by quartet to doublet energy transfer in alkali atoms," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 418 (1981).
  9. S. E. Harris, D. J. Walker, R. G. Caro, A. J. Mendelsohn, and R. D. Cowan, "Quasi-metastable quartet levels in alkali-like atoms and ions," Opt. Lett. 9, 168 (1984).
  10. D. E. Holmgren, D. J. Walker, and S. E. Harris, "Emission at 1091 Å in neutral core-excited Cs," in Laser Techniques in the Extreme Ultraviolet, S. E. Harris and T. B. Lucatorto, eds. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1984), pp. 496–501.
  11. A. J. Mendelsohn, C. P. J. Barty, M. H. Sher, J. F. Young, and S. E. Harris, "Emission spectra of quasi-metastable levels of alkali atoms," Phys. Rev. A (to be published).
  12. K. D. Pedrotti, D. P. Dimiduk, J. F. Young, and S. E. Harris, "Identification and oscillator strength measurement of the 109.1-nm transition in neutral Cs," Opt. Lett. 11, 425 (1986).
  13. R. D. Cowan, The Theory of Atomic Structure and Spectra (U. California Press, Berkeley, Calif., 1981), Secs. 8-1, 16-1, and 18-7.
  14. D. P. Dimiduk, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California 94035 (personal communication).
  15. R. W. Falcone and K. D. Pedrotti, "Pulsed hollow-cathode discharge for extreme-ultraviolet lasers and radiation sources," Opt. Lett. 7, 74 (1982); R. W. Falcone, D. E. Holmgren, and K. D. Pedrotti, "Hollow-cathode discharge for XUV lasers and radiation sources," AIP Conf. Proc. 90, 287 (1982).
  16. D. E. Holmgren, R. W. Falcone, D. J. Walker, and S. E. Harris, "Measurement of lithium and sodium metastable quartet in a hollow-cathode discharge," Opt. Lett. 9, 85 (1984).
  17. D. E. Holmgren, D. J. Walker, D. A. King, and S. E. Harris, "Laser spectroscopy of Na I quartets," Phys. Rev. A 31, 677 (1985).
  18. K. D. Pedrotti, J. J. Mendelsohn, R. W. Falcone, J. F. Young, and S. E. Harris, "Extreme-ultraviolet emission spectra of coreexcited levels in sodium and magnesium," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 1942 (1985).
  19. D. A. King and R. G. Caro, "A fast, high-current pulsed discharge device for the inner-shell excitation of atoms and ions," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).
  20. K. Eidmann and T. Kishimoto, "Absolutely measured x-ray spectra from laser plasmas with target of different elements," Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 377 (1986).
  21. M. A. Duguay, "Soft x-ray lasers pumped by photoionization," Rep. SAND75-5591 (Sandia Laboratories, Albuquerque, N.M., 1975).
  22. R. G. Caro, J. C. Wang, J. F. Young, and S. E. Harris, "The use of laser-produced soft x-rays for the production of excited metastable ions," Phys. Rev. A 30, 1407 (1984).
  23. R. G. Caro, P. J. K. Wisoff, D. J. Walker, M. H. Sher, C. P. J. Barty, J. F. Young, and S. E. Harris, "Soft x-ray pumping of inner-shell excited levels for extreme ultraviolet lasers," in Short Wavelength Coherent Radiation: Generation and Applications, D. T. Attwood and J. Bokor, eds. (American Institute of Physics, New York, to be published).
  24. J. C. Wang, R. G. Caro, and S. E. Harris, "Novel short-pulse photoionization electron source: Li(1s2s2p) 4P° deexcitation measurements in a plasma," Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 767 (1983).
  25. J. K. Spong, J. D. Kmetec, J. F. Young, and S. E. Harris, "Laser spectroscopy of core-excited levels of neutral rubidium," submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett.
  26. L. J. Zych, J. Lukasik, J. F. Young, and S. E. Harris, "Inelastic collisions by intense laser radiation," in Multiphoton Processes, J. H. Eberly and P. Lambropoulos, eds. (Wiley, New York, 1977), pp. 397–402.
  27. S. E. Harris, J. F. Young, A. J. Mendelsohn, D. E. Holmgren, K. D. Pedrotti, and D. P. Dimiduk, "Quasi-metastable energy levels and applications," in Laser Spectroscopy VII, T. W. Häsch and Y. R. Shen, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1985), pp. 162–165.
  28. J. E. Rothenberg, J. F. Young, and S. E. Harris, "High-resolution extreme-ultraviolet spectroscopy of potassium using anti-Stokes radiation," Opt. Lett. 6, 363 (1981).
  29. J. E. Rothenberg, J. F. Young, and S. E. Harris, "Spontaneous Raman scattering as a high-resolution XUV radiation source," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1795 (1983); erratum, QE-20, 986 (1984).
  30. M. W. Mansfield, "The K I absorption spectrum in the vacuum ultraviolet: 2p subshell excitation," Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 346, 539 (1973).
  31. R. W. Falcone, J. R. Willison, J. F. Young, and S. E. Harris, "Measurement of the He 1s2s 1S0 isotopic shift using a tunable VUV anti-Stokes light source," Opt. Lett. 3, 162 (1978).
  32. J. R. Willison, R. W. Falcone, J. F. Young, and S. E. Harris, "Laser spectroscopy of metastable extreme-ultraviolet levels in lithium atoms and ions," Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1827 (1981).
  33. C. F. Bunge, "Absolute term values for the quartet states of neutral lithium," Phys. Rev. A 23, 2060 (1981).
  34. C. F. Bunge, "Accurate calculations for the even-parity core-excited 2P states of neutral Li," Phys. Rev. A 19, 936 (1979).
  35. R. Jáuregui and C. F. Bunge, "Emission spectrum of core-excited Li doublets," Phys. Rev. A 23, 1618 (1981).
  36. L. Engström, L. P. Somerville, and H. G. Berry, "Lifetime measurements of core-excited quartet levels in Na I," Phys. Rev. A 32, 1468 (1985).
  37. K. J. Pedrotti, "Atomic spectroscopy for soft x-ray lasers," Ph.D. dissertation (Stanford University, Stanford, California, 1985).
  38. W. T. Silfvast, J. J. Macklin, and O. R. Wood II, "High-gain inner-shell photoionization laser in Cd vapor pumped by soft-x-ray radiation from a laser-produced plasma source," Opt. Lett. 8, 551 (1983).
  39. W. T. Silfvast, O. R. Wood II, H. Lundberg, and J. J. Macklin, "Stimulated emission in the ultraviolet by optical pumping from photoionization-produced inner-shell states in Cd+," Opt. Lett. 10, 122 (1985).
  40. E. J. McGuire, "Soft-x-ray amplified spontaneous emission via the Auger effect," Phys. Rev. Lett. 35, 844 (1975).
  41. A. J. Mendelsohn and S. E. Harris, "Proposal for an extreme-ultraviolet selective autoionization laser in Zn III," Opt. Lett. 10, 128 (1985).
  42. D. J. Walker, R. G. Caro, and S. E. Harris, "Proposal for an extreme-ultraviolet Auger laser at 63.8 nm in Cs III," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 1515 (1986).
  43. J. F. Young, J. J. Macklin, and S. E. Harris, "Grazing incidence ellipsoidal reflector for longitudinally pumping short wavelength lasers," Opt. Lett. 12, 90 (1987).
  44. Y. Accad, C. L. Pekeris, and B. Schiff, "S and P states of the helium isoelectronic sequence up to z = 10," Phys. Rev. A 4, 516 (1971).
  45. L. A. Vainshtein and U. I. Safronova, "Energy levels of He- and Li-like ions (states 1snl, 1s3nl with n = 2–5)," Phys. Scr. 31, 519 (1985).
  46. V. Pejcev, D. Rassi, K. J. Ross, and T. W. Ottley, "High-resolution ejected electron spectrum of rubidium vapor autoionizing levels excited by electron with kinetic energies in the range 27 to 400 eV," J. Phys. B 10, 1653 (1977).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited