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Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Vol. 5, Iss. 6 — Jun. 1, 1988
  • pp: 1228–1236

Ultrashort pulse reshaping with a nonlinear Fabry–Perot cavity matched to a train of short pulses

F. Ouellette and M. Piché  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 5, Issue 6, pp. 1228-1236 (1988)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.5.001228


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Abstract

Reshaping of ultrashort pulses is predicted to occur when a pulse train from a mode-locked laser is incident upon a nonlinear Fabry–Perot cavity whose length is matched to the period of the pulse train. The temporal shape of the transmitted pulses depends on the relaxation time of the nonlinearity of the Kerr medium inserted into the Fabry– Perot cavity. When the pulse duration is shorter than the Kerr relaxation time, considerable pulse narrowing (by factors of 101–103) is predicted. If the Kerr relaxation time is longer than the period of the pulse train, the analysis shows the existence of two temporal shapes of the output pulse, leading to the possibility of bistability between these two states. A Kerr nonlinearity with an instantaneous response can be used to generate square output pulses. Both the transient and the permanent regimes are investigated, and analytical expressions for the narrowing factors are found.

© 1988 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: June 11, 1987
Manuscript Accepted: December 21, 1987
Published: June 1, 1988

Citation
F. Ouellette and M. Piché, "Ultrashort pulse reshaping with a nonlinear Fabry–Perot cavity matched to a train of short pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1228-1236 (1988)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-5-6-1228


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References

  1. For a general review of these topics, the reader is referred to H. M. Gibbs, Optical Bistability: Controlling Light with Light (Academic, New York, 1985).
  2. H. J. Eichler, F. Massman, Ch. Zaki, “Modulation and compression of Nd–YAG laser pulses by self-tuning of a silicon cavity,” Opt. Commun. 40, 302–306 (1982);H. M. Gibbs, T. N. C. Venkatesan, S. L. McCall, A. Passner, A. C. Gossard, W. Wiegmann, “Optical modulation by optical tuning of a cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 511–514 (1979). [CrossRef]
  3. M. Piché, F. Ouellette, “Compression of mode-locked pulses using nonlinear Fabry–Perot interferometers,” Opt. Lett. 11, 15–17 (1986). [CrossRef]
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  5. F. Ouellette, M. Piché, “Picosecond pulse reshaping using a nonlinear Fabry–Perot interferometer,” in Optical Chaos, J. Chrostowski, N. B. Abraham, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum.667, 205–211 (1986). [CrossRef]
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  9. H. Nakatsuka, S. Asaka, H. Itoh, K. Ikeda, M. Matsuoka, “Observation of bifurcation to chaos in an all-optical bistable system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 50, 109–112 (1983). [CrossRef]
  10. J. Stone, D. Marcuse, “Ultrahigh finesse fiber Fabry–Perot interferometers,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 382–385 (1986). [CrossRef]
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  12. A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, R. N. Thurston, “Synthesis of phase-coherent, picosecond optical square pulses,” Opt. Lett. 11, 153–155 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

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