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Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Vol. 5, Iss. 6 — Jun. 1, 1988
  • pp: 1341–1342

First ionization potential of hafnium by double-resonance field-ionization spectroscopy

C. L. Callender, P. A. Hackett, and D. M. Rayner  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 5, Issue 6, pp. 1341-1342 (1988)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.5.001341


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Abstract

The first ionization potential of hafnium, Hf I, has been determined as 55047.9(3) cm−1 by double-resonance, field-ionization spectroscopy performed on an atomic beam produced by laser vaporization of a hafnium target.

© 1988 Optical Society of America

Citation
C. L. Callender, P. A. Hackett, and D. M. Rayner, "First ionization potential of hafnium by double-resonance field-ionization spectroscopy," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1341-1342 (1988)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-5-6-1341


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References

  1. W. F. Meggers and C. E. Moore, "The first spectrum of hafnium (Hf I)," Natl. Bur. Stand. (U.S.) Monogr. 153 (1976).
  2. E. G. Rauh and R. J. Ackermann, "The first ionization potentials of the transition metals," J. Chem. Phys. 70, 1004 (1979).
  3. C. E. Moore, "Atomic energy levels," Natl. Bur. Stand. (U.S.) Circ. 467, Vol. II (1952) and Vol. III (1958).
  4. C. E. Moore, "Ionization potentials and ionization limits derived from the analysis of optical spectra," Natl. Stand. Ref. Data Ser. 34, (1970).
  5. P. A. Hackett, M. R. Humphries, S. A. Mitchell, and D. M. Rayner, "The first ionization potential of zirconium atoms determined by two laser, field-ionization spectroscopy of high lying Rydberg Series," J. Chem. Phys. 85, 3194 (1986).
  6. D. M. Rayner, S. A. Mitchell, O. L. Bourne, and P. A. Hackett, "First-ionization potential of niobium and molybdenum by double-resonance, field-ionization spectroscopy," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 900 (1987).
  7. C. L. Callender, P. A. Hackett, and D. M. Rayner, "First-ionization potential of ruthenium, rhodium, and palladium by double-resonance, ionization spectroscopy," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 614 (1988).
  8. M. R. Humphries, O. L. Bourne, and P. A. Hackett, "Laser isotope separation of zirconium atoms cooled in a supersonic beam," Chem. Phys. Lett. 118, 134 (1985).

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