Coherent and incoherent manifestations of light-pressure effects are considered. A simple analytical solution of the quantum problem of atomic scattering in a standing-wave field for arbitrarily large numbers of spontaneous transitions is obtained. Attractors of the light-pressure force in a strong field, i.e., the critical velocities at which a bunching of the particles takes place, are found. The one-dimensional problem of self-localization of an atomic ensemble in the field of counterpropagating waves is treated for a gas with an arbitrary optical thickness.
© 1989 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: April 13, 1989
Manuscript Accepted: July 10, 1989
Published: November 1, 1989
A. P. Kazantsev, G. I. Surdutovich, D. O. Chudesnikov, and V. P. Yakovlev, "Scattering, velocity bunching, and self-localization of atoms in a light field," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 2130-2139 (1989)