The boron–oxygen compound LiB3O5 is recognized as a new nonlinear-optical crystal. This follows theoretical calculations of the second-harmonic generation (SHG) coefficients using the anionic group theory and the complete neglect of differential overlap approximation to obtain the localized wave functions of component groups. An optically perfect single crystal with space group Pna21, grown at the Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter by the high-temperature flux method, is found to be transparent from 160 nm to 2.6 μm. It has a SHG coefficient comparable with that of β-BaB2O4 as well as two other outstanding advantages: a high damage threshold of 25 GW/cm2 (at 1.064 μm, 0.1 nsec) and a wide acceptance angle of 25 mrad for θ ≠ 90° and 95 mrad for θ = 90° with a 6-mm-long crystal.
© 1989 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: May 26, 1988
Manuscript Accepted: December 6, 1988
Published: April 1, 1989
Chuangtian Chen, Yicheng Wu, Aidong Jiang, Bochang Wu, Guiming You, Rukang Li, and Shujie Lin, "New nonlinear-optical crystal: LiB3O5," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 616-621 (1989)