We have measured the ac Stark effect in a two-zone stimulated Raman interaction in a sodium atomic beam. In addition, we have derived simple theoretical expressions for the ac Stark shift, based on a closed three-level system, in the Λ configuration, and have achieved qualitative agreement with the data. In particular, the magnitude and sense of the ac Stark shifts are found to depend on laser intensities as well as on the initial populations of the two low-lying levels of the Λ configuration. Specifically, the observed ac Stark shifts are smaller for larger laser intensities and also for smaller initial population differences between the two low-lying levels. The ac Stark effect must be considered for many potential applications of the Raman effect, such as a Raman clock. In this connection, we have identified conditions for the reduction of the ac Stark shift in our sodium Raman clock.
© 1989 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: December 21, 1988
Manuscript Accepted: March 27, 1989
Published: August 1, 1989
P. R. Hemmer, M. S. Shahriar, V. D. Natoli, and S. Ezekiel, "Ac Stark shifts in a two-zone Raman interaction," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1519-1528 (1989)