We present a new technique for measuring velocity gradients for laminar shear flow, using dynamic light scattering in the strongly multiple-scattering regime. We derive temporal autocorrelation functions for multiply scattered light, taking into account particle displacements arising from deterministic shear flow and random Brownian motion. The laminar shear flow and Brownian motion are characterized by the relaxation rates τS−1 = Γ¯k0l∗/√30 and τB−1 = Dk02, respectively, where Γ¯ is the mean shear rate of the scatterers, k0 = 2πn/λ is the wave number in the scattering medium, l∗ is the transport mean free path of the photons, and D is the diffusion coefficient of the scatterers. We obtain excellent agreement between theory and experiment over a wide range of shear rates, 0.5 sec-1 < Γ¯ < 200 sec−1. In addition, the autocorrelation function for forward scattering is independent of the scattering properties of the medium and depends only on the mean shear rate and sample thickness when τs is much less than τB. Thus the mean shear rate can be simply determined by a single measurement.
© 1990 Optical Society of America
X-L. Wu, D. J. Pine, P. M. Chaikin, J. S. Huang, and D. A. Weitz, "Diffusing-wave spectroscopy in a shear flow," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 15-20 (1990)