On the basis of a pole analysis, we derive a simple and powerful model of the nonlinear Fabry–Perot resonator. Our theory extends the modal approach, which was already developed for the nonlinear prism coupler, to the Fabry–Perot resonator for any angle of incidence. The main advantage of the modal approach is that it greatly simplifies the numerical study of transverse effects and provides a deep understanding of physical phenomena related to optical bistability. By means of a simple analysis of the equations, our model permits us to discuss the role of diffraction and the influence of the incident angle on the nonlinear Fabry–Perot behavior.
© 1990 Optical Society of America
M. Haelterman, G. Vitrant, and R. Reinisch, "Transverse effects in nonlinear planar resonators. I. Modal theory," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 1309-1318 (1990)