OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Vol. 9, Iss. 3 — Mar. 1, 1992
  • pp: 369–373

Phase noise in traveling-wave inverted-population-type optical amplifiers

Lars Thylén, Mats Gustavsson, Anders Karlsson, and T. K. Gustafson  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 9, Issue 3, pp. 369-373 (1992)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (534 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The Heisenberg equations of motion are used to calculate the phase noise of inverted-population-type traveling-wave laser amplifiers generally and semiconductor amplifiers specifically. Agreement with previously reported results in the limit of perfect inversion is demonstrated.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

Lars Thylén, Mats Gustavsson, Anders Karlsson, and T. K. Gustafson, "Phase noise in traveling-wave inverted-population-type optical amplifiers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 369-373 (1992)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. Y. Yamamoto, "Noise and error rate performance of semiconductor laser amplifiers in PCM–IM optical transmission systems," IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. QE-16, 1073 (1980).
  2. M. J. O'Mahony, "Semiconductor laser optical amplifiers for use in future fiber systems," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 531 (1988).
  3. N. A. Olsson, "Lightwave systems with optical amplifiers," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1071 (1989).
  4. M. Gustavsson, A. Karlsson, and L. Thylén, "Traveling wave semiconductor laser amplifier detectors," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 610 (1990).
  5. M. Ikeda, O. Ohguchi, and K. Yoshino, "Monolithic laser diode optical matrix switches," in Proceedings of the Thirteenth European Conference on Optical Communications (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1987), p. 227.
  6. J. Mellis, "Optical phase modulation using semiconductor laser amplifiers," Trans. Inst. Electron. Inf. Commun. Eng. E73, 36 (1989); G. Grosskopf, R. Ludwig, R. Schnabel, and H. G. Weber, "Semiconductor laser optical amplifier as phase modulator in a 140 Mb/s transmission experiment," Trans. Inst. Electron. Inf. Commun. Eng. E73, 34 (1989).
  7. K. Schimoda, H. Takahashi, and C. H. Townes, "Fluctuations in amplification of quanta with application to maser amplifiers," J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 12, 686 (1957).
  8. L. Thylén, M. Gustavsson, T. K. Gustafson, I. Kim, and A. Karlsson, "Calculation of photon and current fluctuations in traveling-wave semiconductor laser amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1251 (1991).
  9. R. Serber and C. H. Townes, "Limits on electromagnetic amplification due to complementarity," in Advances in Quantum Electronics, J. R. Singer, ed. (Columbia U. Press, New York, 1961), p. 233.
  10. Y. Yamamoto and H. A. Haus, "Preparation, measurement and information capacity of optical quantum states," Rev. Mod. Phys. 58, 1001 (1986).
  11. P. A. M. Dirac, Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A. 114, 243 (1927).
  12. L. Susskind and J. Glogower, Physics 1, 49 (1964).
  13. S. M. Barnett and D. T. Pegg, "Phase in quantum optics," J. Phys. A. 19, 3849 (1986).
  14. D. T. Pegg and S. M. Barnett, "Phase properties of the quantized single-mode electromagnetic field," Phys. Rev. A 39, 1665 (1989).
  15. R. Loudon, The Quantum Theory of Light (Clarendon, Oxford, 1983).
  16. K. Hinton, "Optical carrier linewidth broadening in a traveling wave semiconductor laser amplifier," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1176 (1990).
  17. Y. Yamamoto and S. Machida, "High-impedance suppression of pump fluctuation and amplitude squeezing in semiconductor lasers," Phys. Rev. A. 35, 5114 (1987).
  18. After submission of this paper, a paper by K. Kikuchi, C.-E. Zah, and T.-P. Lee ["Measurement and analysis of phase noise generated from semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 416 (1991)] was drawn to our attention; in their paper phase noise in semiconductor laser amplifiers is also calculated, and, in addition to the noise sources described in the present paper, phase noise that is due to carrier fluctuations caused by beating between the signal and spontaneous emission is included. In our paper this noise source was not included, since it will not be appreciable for input powers below ≍0.1 μW. The same comment applies to phase noise that is due to carrier fluctuations caused by total spontaneous recombination, as stated in the present paper. It is possible to include beat-noise-generated phase noise by using the analysis of Ref. 8.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited