We have measured the refractive indices of potassium niobate in the orthorhombic phase at six different temperatures between 22 and 180°C in the wavelength range 400–3400 nm. Sellmeier coefficients are determined by using a two-term oscillator model with an IR correction term. The temperature-dependent spontaneous polarization and the quadratic polarization optical coefficients are obtained from the index data. For practical purposes the temperature dependence can be well approximated by a polynomial expansion of degree 2.
© 1992 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: April 12, 1991
Revised Manuscript: September 23, 1991
Published: March 1, 1992
Beat Zysset, Ivan Biaggio, and Peter Günter, "Refractive indices of orthorhombic KNbO3. I. Dispersion and temperature dependence," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 380-386 (1992)