OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Vol. 9, Iss. 9 — Sep. 1, 1992
  • pp: 1626–1641

Photorefractive quantum wells: transverse Franz–Keldysh geometry

Q. Wang, R. M. Brubaker, D. D. Nolte, and M.R. Melloch  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 9, Issue 9, pp. 1626-1641 (1992)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.9.001626


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1951 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The photorefractive properties of semi-insulating AlGaAs–GaAs multiple quantum wells are described for the transverse Franz–Keldysh geometry with the electric field in the plane of the quantum wells. Combining the strong electroabsorption of quantum-confined excitons with the high resistivity of semi-insulating quantum wells yields large nonlinear optical sensitivities. The photorefractive quantum wells have effective nonlinear optical sensitivities of n2 ≈ 103 cm2/W and α2/α0 ≈ 104 cm2/W for applied fields of 10 kV/cm. Photorefractive gains approaching 1000 cm−1 have been observed in two-wave mixing under dc electric fields and stationary fringes. The transverse Franz–Keldysh geometry retains the general transport properties and behavior of conventional bulk photorefractive materials. The resonant excitation of free electrons and holes in the quantum wells leads to novel behavior associated with electron–hole competition. We demonstrate that under resonant excitation of electrons and holes the device resolution is fundamentally limited by diffusion lengths but is insensitive to long drift lengths.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: November 14, 1991
Revised Manuscript: March 19, 1992
Published: September 1, 1992

Citation
Q. Wang, M.R. Melloch, R. M. Brubaker, and D. D. Nolte, "Photorefractive quantum wells: transverse Franz–Keldysh geometry," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1626-1641 (1992)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-9-9-1626


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. A. M. Glass, A. M. Johnson, D. H. Olson, W. Simpson, A. A. Ballman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 948 (1984). [CrossRef]
  2. A. M. Glass, J. Strait, in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications I, P. Günter, J.-P. Huignard, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), p. 237. [CrossRef]
  3. V. W. Franz, Z. Naturforsch. A 13, 484 (1958).
  4. L. V. Keldysh, Sov. Phys. JETP 34, 788 (1958).
  5. J. Callaway, Phys. Rev. 130, 549 (1963). [CrossRef]
  6. K. Thermalingham, Phys. Rev. 130, 2204 (1963). [CrossRef]
  7. J. Callaway, Phys. Rev. 134, A998 (1964). [CrossRef]
  8. H. D. Rees, Solid State Commun. 5, 365 (1967). [CrossRef]
  9. J. D. Dow, D. Redfield, Phys. Rev. B 1, 3358 (1970). [CrossRef]
  10. F. Stern, Phys. Rev. 133, A1653 (1964). [CrossRef]
  11. B. O. Seraphin, N. Bottka, Phys. Rev. 139A, 560 (1965). [CrossRef]
  12. T. E. Van Eck, L. M. Walpita, W. S. C. Chang, H. H. Wieder, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 451 (1986). [CrossRef]
  13. A. Alping, L. A. Coldren, J. Appl. Phys. 61, 2430 (1987). [CrossRef]
  14. J. E. Zucker, T. L. Hendrickson, C. A. Burrus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 946 (1988). [CrossRef]
  15. J. E. Millerd, S. D. Koehler, E. M. Garmire, A. Partovi, A. M. Glass, M. B. Klein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2776 (1990). [CrossRef]
  16. A. Partovi, A. Kost, E. M. Garmire, G. C. Valley, M. B. Klein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1089 (1990). [CrossRef]
  17. D. S. Chemla, D. A. B. Miller, P. W. Smith, A. C. Gossard, W. Wiegmann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 265 (1984). [CrossRef]
  18. D. D. Nolte, D. H. Olson, G. E. Doran, W. H. Knox, A. M. Glass, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 2217 (1990). [CrossRef]
  19. E. Yablonovitch, T. Gmitter, J. P. Harbison, R. Bhat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 2222 (1987). [CrossRef]
  20. Y. Silverberg, P. W. Smith, D. A. B. Miller, B. Tell, A. C. Gossard, W. Wiegmann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 701 (1985). [CrossRef]
  21. M. B. Johnson, T. C. McGill, N. G. Paulter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 2424 (1989). [CrossRef]
  22. H. J. Stein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 792 (1990). [CrossRef]
  23. M. Lambsdorff, J. Kuhl, J. Rosenzweig, A. Axmann, J. Schneider, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1881 (1991). [CrossRef]
  24. M. Schultz, H. Weiss, in Landolt-Börnstein Numerical Data and Functional Relationships in Science and Technology, K.-H. Hellwege, A. M. Hellwege, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1984), Vol. 17d, p. 97.
  25. B. Schwartz, L. A. Koszi, P. J. Anthony, R. L. Hartman, J. Electrochem. Soc. 131, 1703 (1984). [CrossRef]
  26. K. Kenefick, J. Electrochem. Soc. Solid-State Sci. Technol. 129, 2380 (1982).
  27. K. J. K. C. Juang, R. B. Darling, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 8, 1122 (1990). [CrossRef]
  28. E. Yablonovitch, D. M. Hwang, T. J. Gmitter, L. T. Florez, J. P. Harbison, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 2419 (1990). [CrossRef]
  29. K. Seeger, Semiconductor Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985). [CrossRef]
  30. S. M. Sze, Physics of Semiconductor Devices (New York, Wiley-Interscience, 1969).
  31. D. A. B. Miller, D. S. Chemla, T. C. Damen, A. C. Gossard, W. Wiegmann, T. H. Wood, C. A. Burrus, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 2173 (1984). [CrossRef]
  32. F. L. Lederman, J. D. Dow, Phys. Rev. B 13, 1633 (1976). [CrossRef]
  33. D. A. B. Miller, D. S. Chemla, T. C. Damen, A. C. Gossard, W. Wiegmann, T. H. Wood, C. A. Burrus, Phys. Rev. B 32, 1043 (1985). [CrossRef]
  34. D. A. B. Miller, D. S. Chemla, S. Schmitt-Rink, Phys. Rev. B 33, 6976 (1986). [CrossRef]
  35. G. C. Valley, J. F. Lam, in Photorefractive materials and Their Applications I, P. Günter, J.-P. Huignard, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), p. 75. [CrossRef]
  36. M. G. Moharam, T. K. Gaylord, R. Magnusson, Opt. Commun. 32, 19 (1980). [CrossRef]
  37. Q. N. Wang, D. D. Nolte, M. R. Melloch, Opt. Lett. 16, 1944 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  38. M. P. Petrov, S. V. Miridonov, S. I. Stepanov, V. V. Kulikov, Opt. Commun. 31, 301 (1979). [CrossRef]
  39. F. Vachss, L. Hesselink, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 5, 690 (1988). [CrossRef]
  40. D. D. Nolte, Q. N. Wang, M. R. Melloch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2067 (1991). [CrossRef]
  41. Q. N. Wang, D. D. Nolte, M. R. Melloch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 256 (1991). [CrossRef]
  42. D. A. B. Miller, D. S. Chemla, T. C. Damen, T. H. Wood, C. A. Burrus, A. C. Gossard, W. Wiegmann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1462 (1985). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited