OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of Korea

Journal of the Optical Society of Korea


  • Vol. 10, Iss. 1 — Mar. 25, 2006
  • pp: 1–10

Analysis of Optical Properties with Photopolymers for Holographic Application

Nam Kim, Eun-Seop Hwang, and Chang-Won Shin  »View Author Affiliations

Journal of the Optical Society of Korea, Vol. 10, Issue 1, pp. 1-10 (2006)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (928 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

  • Export Citation/Save Click for help


Optical transparency and high diffraction efficiency are two essential factors for high performance of the photopolymer. Optical transparency mainly depends on the miscibility between polymer binder and photopolymerized polymer, while diffraction efficiency depends on the refractive index modulation between polymer binder and photopolymerized polymer. For most of organic materials, the large refractive index difference between two polymers accompanies large structural difference that leads to the poor miscibility and thus poor optical quality via light scattering. Therefore, it is difficult to design a high-performance photopolymer satisfying both requirements. In this work, first, we prepared a new phase-stable photopolymer (PMMA) with large refractive index modulation and investigated the optical properties. Our photopolymer is based on modified poly (methyl methacrylate) as a polymer binder, acryl amide as a photopolymerizable monomer, triethanolamine as initiator, and yellow eosin as a photosensitizer at 532 nm. Diffraction efficiency over 85% and optical transmittance over 90% were obtained for the photopolymer. Second, Organic-inorganic nanocomposite films were prepared by dispersing an aromatic methacrylic monomer and a photo- initiator in organic-inorganic hybrid sol-gel matrices. The film properties could be controlled by optimizing the content of an organically modified silica precursor (TSPEG) in the sol-gel matrices. The photopolymer film modified with the organic chain (TSPEG) showed high diffraction efficiency (> 90%) under an optimized condition. High diffraction efficiency could be ascribed to the fast diffusion and efficient polymerization of monomers under interference light to generate refractive index modulation. The TSPEG modified photopolymer film could be successfully used for holographic memory.

© 2006 Optical Society of Korea

OCIS Codes
(090.2890) Holography : Holographic optical elements
(090.2900) Holography : Optical storage materials
(090.7330) Holography : Volume gratings

Original Manuscript: February 16, 2006
Revised Manuscript: March 13, 2006
Published: March 1, 2006

Nam Kim, Eun-Seop Hwang, and Chang-Won Shin, "Analysis of Optical Properties with Photopolymers for Holographic Application," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 10, 1-10 (2006)

Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. W. Chao and S. Chi, "Diffraction properties of windshield laminated photopolymer holograms," J. Opt., vol. 29, pp. 95-103, 1998 [CrossRef]
  2. A. Pu and D. Psaltis, "High-density recording in photopolymer based holographic three-dimensional disks," Appl. Opt., vol. 35, pp. 2389-2398, 1996 [CrossRef]
  3. W. Gambogi, K. Steijn, S. Mackara, T. Duzick, B. Hamzavy, and J. Kelly, "HOE imaging in Dupont holographic photopolymer," in Diffractive and Holographic Optics Technology, I. Cindrich and S. H. Lee, eds., Proc. SPIE., vol. 3294, pp. 207-214, 1998
  4. J. E. Ludman, J. R. Riccobono, N. O. Reinhand, I. V. Semenova, Y. L. Korzinin, S. M. Shahriar, H. J. Caulfield, J. M. Fournier, and P. Hemmer, "Very thick holographic nonspatial filtering of laser beams," Opt. Eng., vol. 36, pp. 1700-1705, 1997 [CrossRef]
  5. T. J. Trout, J. J. Schmieg, W. J. Gambogi, and A. M. Weber, "Optical photopolymers: design and application," Adv. Mat., vol. 10, pp. 1219-1224, 1998 [CrossRef]
  6. J. T. Gallo and C. M. Verber, "Model for the effects of material shrinkage on volume holograms," Appl. Opt., vol. 33, pp. 6797-6804, 1994 [CrossRef]
  7. L. Dhar, M. G. Schnoes, T. L. Wysocki. H. Bair, M. Schilling, and C. Boyd, "Temperature induced changes in photopolymer volume holograms," Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 73, pp. 1337-1339, 1998 [CrossRef]
  8. L. Dhar, K. Curtis, M. Tackitt, M. Schilling, S. Campbell, W. Wilson, A. Hill, C. Boyd, N. Levinos, and A. Harris, "Holographic storage of multiple high capacity digital data pages in thick photopolymer systems," Opt. Lett., vol. 23, pp. 1710-1712, 1998 [CrossRef]
  9. V. L. Colvin, R. G. Larson, A. L. Harris, and M. L. Schilling, "Quantitative model of volume hologram formation in photopolymers," J. Appl. Phys., vol. 81, pp. 5913-5923, 1997 [CrossRef]
  10. J. Park and E. Kim, "Preparation and holographic recording of an organic-inorganic hybrid type photopolymer film," J. Kor. Soc. Imaging. Sci, vol. 8 (2002), 22
  11. H. J. Kim, Y. B. Han, W. N. Kim, and E. Kim, "Electrochromic Poly (aniline-N-butylsulfonate)s and Their Application to Electrochromic devices," J. Jap. Soc. Colour Mater., vol. 72 (1999), 11
  12. W. L. F. Armarego and D. D. Perrin, Purification of Laboratory Chemicals (Butterworth Heinemann Publications, Oxford (1996)
  13. E. Kim, J. Park, S. Y. Cho, J. H. Kim, and N. Kim, "Preparation and holographic recording of diarylethene doped photochromic films," ETRI Journal, vol. 25 (2003), 253 [CrossRef]
  14. G. Barbastathis and D. Psaltis, "Volume holographic multiplexing methods," Holographic Data Storage, pp. 21-62, 2000
  15. Ducdung Do, Junwon An, and Nam Kim "Gaussian Apodization Technique in Holographic Demultiplexer Based on Photopolymer," J. Optical Society of Korea, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 269-274, 2003 [CrossRef]
  16. A. Fimia, F. Mateos, A. Belendenz, R. Mallavia, F. Amat-Guerri, and R. Sastre, "New photopolymer with tri-functional monomer for holographic application," Appl. Phys. B., vol. 63, pp. 151-153, 1996 [CrossRef]
  17. H. Kogelnik, "Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings," Bell Syst. Tech. J., vol. 48, pp. 2909-2947, 1969

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited