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Journal of the Optical Society of Korea

Journal of the Optical Society of Korea


  • Vol. 11, Iss. 1 — Mar. 25, 2007
  • pp: 34–39

Material Dependence of Laser-induced Breakdown of Colloidal Particles in Water

Jong-Il Yun  »View Author Affiliations

Journal of the Optical Society of Korea, Vol. 11, Issue 1, pp. 34-39 (2007)

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Laser-induced breakdown of colloidal suspensions, such as polystyrene, <TEX>$ZrO_2$</TEX>, and <TEX>$SiO_2$</TEX> particles in diameters of 100-400 nm in water is investigated by nanosecond flash-pumped Nd:YAG laser pulses operating at a wavelength <TEX>${\lambda}$</TEX>= 532 nm. The breakdown threshold intensity is examined in terms of breakdown probability as a function of laser pulse energy. The threshold intensity for <TEX>$SiO_2$</TEX> particles (<TEX>$1.27{\times}10^{11}\;W/cm^2$</TEX>) with a size of 100 nm is higher than those for polystyrene and <TEX>$ZrO_2$</TEX> particles with the same size, namely <TEX>$5.7{\times}10^{10}$</TEX> and <TEX>$5.5{\times}10^{10}\;W/cm^2$</TEX>, respectively. Results indicate that the absorption of five photons is required to induce ionization of <TEX>$SiO_2$</TEX> particles, whereas the other particles necessitate four-photon absorption. These breakdown thresholds are compared with those measured by nanosecond pulses from a diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser having a different focusing geometry.

© 2007 Optical Society of Korea

OCIS Codes
(190.1900) Nonlinear optics : Diagnostic applications of nonlinear optics
(190.4720) Nonlinear optics : Optical nonlinearities of condensed matter
(300.6250) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, condensed matter

Original Manuscript: March 5, 2007
Revised Manuscript: March 20, 2007
Published: March 25, 2007

Jong-Il Yun, "Material Dependence of Laser-induced Breakdown of Colloidal Particles in Water," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 11, 34-39 (2007)

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