OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of Korea

Journal of the Optical Society of Korea

| PUBLISHED BY THE OPTICAL SOCIETY OF KOREA

  • Vol. 14, Iss. 1 — Mar. 1, 2010
  • pp: 22–27

An Algorithm for Bit Error Rate Monitoring and Adaptive Decision Threshold Optimization Based on Pseudo-error Counting Scheme

Sung-Man Kim  »View Author Affiliations


Journal of the Optical Society of Korea, Vol. 14, Issue 1, pp. 22-27 (2010)


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (655 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations
  • Export Citation/Save Click for help

Abstract

Bit error rate (BER) monitoring is the ultimate goal of performance monitoring in all digital transmission systems as well as optical fiber transmission systems. To achieve this goal, optimization of the decision threshold must also be considered because BER is dependent on the level of decision threshold. In this paper, we analyze a pseudo-error counting scheme and propose an algorithm to achieve both BER monitoring and adaptive decision threshold optimization in optical fiber transmission systems. To verify the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm, we conduct computer simulations in both Gaussian and non-Gaussian distribution cases. According to the simulation results, BER and the optimum decision threshold can be estimated with the errors of < 20% and < 10 mV, respectively, within 0.1-s processing time in > 40-Gb/s transmission systems.

© 2010 Optical Society of Korea

OCIS Codes
(060.2330) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics communications

History
Original Manuscript: October 9, 2009
Revised Manuscript: December 17, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: January 27, 2010
Published: March 25, 2010

Citation
Sung-Man Kim, "An Algorithm for Bit Error Rate Monitoring and Adaptive Decision Threshold Optimization Based on Pseudo-error Counting Scheme," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 14, 22-27 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josk/abstract.cfm?URI=josk-14-1-22


Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. A. H. Gnauck, G. Charlet, P. Tran, P. J. Winzer, C. R. Doerr, J. C. Centanni, E. C. Burrows, T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, and K. Higuma, “25.6-Tb/s WDM transmission of polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK signals,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 79-84 (2008). [CrossRef]
  2. M. Teshima, M. Koga, and K. Sato, “Performance of multiwavelength simultaneous monitoring circuit employing arrayed-waveguide grating,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2277-2285 (1996). [CrossRef]
  3. K. J. Park, S. K. Shin, and Y. C. Chung, “Simple monitoring technique for WDM networks,” Electron. Lett. 35, 415-417 (1999). [CrossRef]
  4. D. K. Jung, C. H. Kim, and Y. C. Chung, “OSNR monitoring technique using polarization-nulling method,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. 2000 (Baltimore, USA, Mar. 2000), paper WK4.
  5. Z. Pan, Q. Yu, Y. Xie, S. A. Havstad, A. E. Willner, D. S. Starodubov, and J. Feinberg, “Chromatic dispersion monitoring and automated compensation for NRZ and RZ data using clock regeneration and fading without adding signaling,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. 2001 (Anaheim, USA, Mar. 2001), paper WH5.
  6. S. Kuwahara, A. Sano, K. Yonenaga, Y. Miyamoto, and Y. Yamabayashi, “Adaptive dispersion equalization by detecting dispersion fluctuations using PM-AM conversion,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1956-1958 (1998). [CrossRef]
  7. T. Luo, Z. Pan, S. M. R. M. Nezam, L. S. Yan, A. B. Sahin, and A. E. Willner, “PMD monitoring by tracking the chromatic-dispersion-insensitive RF power of the vestigial sideband,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2177-2179 (2004). [CrossRef]
  8. S.-M. Kim and C.-H. Lee, “The efficient clock-extraction methods of NRZ signal for chromatic dispersion monitoring,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1100-1102 (2005). [CrossRef]
  9. S.-M. Kim and J.-Y. Park, “Chromatic dispersion monitoring of CSRZ signal for optimum compensation using extracted clock-frequency component,” ETRI Journal 30, 461-468 (2008). [CrossRef]
  10. K.-S. Kim, J. H. Lee, W. Z. Chung, and S. C. Kim, “An electronic domain chromatic dispersion monitoring scheme insensitive to OSNR using kurtosis,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea 12, 249-254 (2008). [CrossRef]
  11. I. Shake, E. Otani, H. Takara, K. Uchiyama, Y.Yamabayashi, and T. Morioka, “Bit rate flexible quality monitoring of 10 to 160 Gbit/s optical signals based on optical sampling technique,” Electron. Lett. 36, 2087-2088 (2000). [CrossRef]
  12. H. Takeshita and N. Henmi, “A novel data format free bit-by-bit quasi-error monitoring method for optical transport network,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. "99 (Sam Diego, USA, Feb. 1999), paper FJ2.
  13. M. Fregolent, S. Herbst, H. Soehnle, and B. Wedding, “Adaptive optical receiver for performance monitoring and electronic mitigation of transmission impairments,” in Proc. European Conf. on Opt. Commun. 2000 (Munich, Germany, Sep. 2000), paper 2.1.2.
  14. M. Rohde, C. Caspar, F. Raub, G. Bramann, H. Louchet, K. Habel, and E.-J. Bachus, “Control modulation technique for client independent optical performance monitoring and transport of channel overhead,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. 2002 (Anaheim, USA, Mar. 2002), paper TuE2.
  15. M. Sherif and P. A. Davies, “Decision-point steering in optical fibre communication systems : theory,” IEE Proceedings 136, 169-176 (1989).
  16. R. Wiesmann, O. Bleck, and H. Heppner, “Cost effective performance monitoring in WDM systems,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. 2000 (Baltimore, USA, Mar. 2000), paper WK2.
  17. A. Richter, H. Bock, W. Fischler, J.-P. Elbers, C. Glingener, R. Bach, and W. Grupp, “Field trial of optical performance monitor in dynamically configurable DWDM network,” Electron. Lett. 37, 370-371 (2001). [CrossRef]
  18. R. Bach, W. Moench, and G. Strohmaier, “In-service optical performance monitoring of high-speed transparent networks based on Q measurement,” in Proc. Intern. Conf. on Transparent Opt. Networks 2001 (Cracow, Poland, June 2001), paper We.B.4.
  19. L. Ding and W.-D. Zhong, “New bit-error-rate monitoring technique based on histograms and curve fitting,” Opt. Exp. 12, 2507-2511 (2004). [CrossRef]
  20. F. Buchali, S. Lanne, J.-P. Thiery, W. Baumert, and H. Bulow, “Fast eye monitor for 10 Gbit/s and its application for optical PMD compensation,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. 2001 (Anaheim, USA, Mar. 2001), paper TuP5.
  21. A. Sano, T. Kataoka, M. Tomizawa, K. Hagimoto, K. Sato, K. Wakita, and K. Kato, “Automatic dispersion equalization by monitoring extracted-clock power level in a 40-Gbit/s, 200-km transmission line,” in Proc. European Conf. on Opt. Commun. "96 (Oslo, Norway, Sep. 1996), paper TuD.3.5.
  22. S. J. Park and B. K. Kim, “Performance analysis for optimizing threshold level control of a receiver in asynchronous 2.5 Gbps/1.2 Gbps optical subscriber network with inverse return to zero (RZ) coded downstream and NRZ upstream re-modulation,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea 13, 361-366 (2009). [CrossRef]
  23. Y. Matsumoto, T. Kuriyama, D. Inami, M. Ohta, and M. Shiraiwa, “An adaptive decision threshold control of the optical receiver for multi-gigabit terrestrial DWDM transmission systems,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. 2001 (Anaheim, USA, Mar. 2001), paper TuR2.
  24. S.-M. Kim, J.-S. Baik, K.-Y. Park, and C.-H. Lee, “Reduction of the power penalty induced by low-frequency tone using variable decision threshold technique,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea 6, 105-107 (2002). [CrossRef]
  25. S.-M. Kim, “A study on the BER monitoring and decision threshold optimization in optical fiber transmission systems,” in Proc. Korea Information and Commun. Society Annual Summer Meeting 2009 (Jeju, Korea, June 2009), paper 8C-92.
  26. S.-M. Kim, “BER monitoring and adaptive decision threshold optimization for non-gaussian noise case,” in Proc. Photonics Conf. 2009 (Pyeongchang, Korea, Dec. 2009), paper WP-1.
  27. D. Derickson, Fiber Optic Test and Measurement (Prentice-Hall Inc., New Jersey, USA, ISBN 0-13-534330-5, 1998).

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited