In this paper, behaviors of photonic crystal (PC) radiative structures and antenna arrays have been compared for two types of uniform and binomial excitations. Appropriate duality has been shown between them. These results can be generalized to other types of excitation and arrangement of photonic crystal radiative arrays such as linear, planar and circular arrays of three dimensional (3D) photonic crystal termination resonators. Using these results in designing photonic circuits has some advantages for shaping a particular radiative beam at the photonic crystal exit, for instance reducing the divergence angle of the main lobe in order to enhance the directivity, for better coupling, or for splitting the emitted beam, for dividing the output beam to the next devices in photonic integrated circuits (PIC). For analysis and simulation of the photonic crystal structures, the finite difference time domain (FDTD) method has been employed.
© 2010 Optical Society of Korea
(130.3120) Integrated optics : Integrated optics devices
(140.4780) Lasers and laser optics : Optical resonators
(230.0230) Optical devices : Optical devices
(230.1360) Optical devices : Beam splitters
Original Manuscript: September 29, 2010
Revised Manuscript: November 8, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: November 8, 2010
Published: December 25, 2010
Mahdieh Bozorgi and Nosrat Granpayeh, "Duality of Photonic Crystal Radiative Structures and Antenna Arrays," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 14, 438-443 (2010)
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