Current therapeutic methods for suppressing muscle spasticity are intensive functional training, surgery, or pharmacological interventions. However, these methods have not been fully supported by confirmed efficacy due to the aggravation of the muscle spasticity in some patients. In this study, a combined system was developed to treat with a low-level laser and to monitor the region of the treatment using an optical spectroscopic probe that measures oxygen saturation and deoxygenation during low-level laser therapy (LLLT). The evaluation of the wavelength dependence for LLLT was performed using a Monte Carlo simulation and the results showed that the greatest amount of heat generation was seen in the deep tissue at λ = 830 nm. In the oxy- and deoxygenation measurements during and after the treatment, oxygen-Hb concentration was significantly increased in the laser-irradiated group when compared to the control group. These findings suggest that LLLT using λ = 830 nm may be of benefit in accelerating recovery of muscle spasticity. The combined system that we have developed can monitor the physiological condition of muscle spasticity during the laser treatment in real time and may also be applied to various myotonia conditions such as muscle fatigue, back-pain treatment/monitoring, and ulcer due to paralysis.
© 2011 Optical Society of Korea
(000.1430) General : Biology and medicine
(120.6810) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Thermal effects
(170.0170) Medical optics and biotechnology : Medical optics and biotechnology
(170.6510) Medical optics and biotechnology : Spectroscopy, tissue diagnostics
Original Manuscript: September 9, 2011
Revised Manuscript: November 29, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: November 30, 2011
Published: December 25, 2011
Yeon-Ui Lee, Sang-Kwan Lee, and Jong-In Youn, "Optical Spectroscopic Analysis of Muscle Spasticity for Low-Level Laser Therapy (LLLT)," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 15, 373-379 (2011)
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