OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Optical Technology

Journal of Optical Technology


  • Vol. 79, Iss. 9 — Sep. 1, 2012
  • pp: 538–544

Optimizing the process of generating the second harmonic of the radiation of a TEA CO2 laser in a ZnGeP2 crystal

L. V. Koval’chuk, A. G. Kalintsev, A. I. Gribenyukov, D. A. Goryachkin, V. V. Sergeev, N. A. Kalintseva, and V. P. Kalinin  »View Author Affiliations

Journal of Optical Technology, Vol. 79, Issue 9, pp. 538-544 (2012)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (576 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The creation of a high-intensity source in the 4.6–5.4-µm range is a problem that has attracted the attention of researchers for several decades. This paper describes the optimization of the process of generating the second harmonic of the radiation of a pulse-periodic TEA CO2 laser by choosing a nonlinear crystal and the temporal shape of the laser-pump pulse. Energy-conversion efficiency of up to 20% has been experimentally obtained in a ZnGeP2 crystal with mean power of the radiation in the λ=4.8µm region of up to 0.24 W and a pulse repetition rate of 10 Hz.

© 2012 OSA

Original Manuscript: December 8, 2011
Published: September 28, 2012

L. V. Koval’chuk, A. G. Kalintsev, A. I. Gribenyukov, D. A. Goryachkin, V. V. Sergeev, N. A. Kalintseva, and V. P. Kalinin, "Optimizing the process of generating the second harmonic of the radiation of a TEA CO2 laser in a ZnGeP2 crystal," J. Opt. Technol. 79, 538-544 (2012)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, R. K. Route, R. S. Feigelson, and J. van der Laan, “Efficient second-harmonic generation of 10-µm radiation in AgGaSe2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 786 (1985). [CrossRef]
  2. P. D. Mason, D. J. Jackson, and E. K. Gorton, “CO2 frequency doubling in ZnGeP2,” Opt. Commun. 110, No. 8, 163 (1994). [CrossRef]
  3. V. A. Gorobets, V. O. Petukhov, S. Ya. Tochitski?, and V. V. Churakov, “Studies of nonlinear-optical characteristics of IR crystals for frequency conversion of TEA CO2 laser radiation,” Opt. Zh. 66, No. 1, 62 (1999). [J. Opt. Technol. 66, 53 (1999)].
  4. L. Isaenko, P. Krinitsin, V. Vedenyapin, A. Yelisseyev, A. Merkulov, J.-J. Zondy, and V. Petrov, “LiGaTe2: a new highly nonlinear chalcopyrite optical crystal for the mid-IR,” Cryst. Growth Design 5, 1325 (2005). [CrossRef]
  5. G. B. Abdullaev, K. R. Allakhverdiev, M. E. Karasev, V. I. Konov, L. A. Kulevski?, N. B. Mustafaev, P. P. Pashinin, A. M. Prokhorov, Yu. M. Starodumov, and N. I. Chapliev, “Efficient generation of the second harmonic of the radiation of a CO2 laser in GaSe,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 16, 757 (1989). [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 494 (1989)].
  6. R. C. Y. Auyeung, D. M. Zielke, and B. J. Feldman, “Multiple harmonic conversion of pulsed CO2 laser radiation in Tl3 AsSe3,” Appl. Phys. B 48, 293 (1989). [CrossRef]
  7. N. Menyuk, G. W. Iseler, and A. Mooradian, “High-efficiency high-average-power second-harmonic generation with CdGeAs2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 422 (1976). [CrossRef]
  8. D. N. Nikogosyan, A. P. Sukhorukov, and M. I. Golove?, “Saturation of second-harmonic generation of laser radiation on carbon dioxide with a transverse discharge,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 2, 609 (1975). [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 5, 344 (1975)].
  9. J. H. Churnside, J. J. Wilson, Yu. M. Andreev, A. I. Gribenyukov, S. F. Shubin, S. I. Dolgii, and V. V. Zuev, “Frequency conversion of a CO2 laser with ZnGeP2,” in NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL WPL-224 (Boulder, Colo., Springfield, Va., USA, 1992), pp. 1–18.
  10. G. A. Verozubova and A. I. Gribenyukov, “The growth of ZnGeP2 crystals from the melt,” Kristallografiya 53, 175 (2008). [Crystallogr. Rep. 53, 158 (2008)].
  11. “Datasheet Zinc Germanium Phosphide,” www.inrad.com.
  12. A. I. Gribenyukov, “Nonlinear-optical ZnGeP2 crystals: retrospective analysis of the technological studies,” Opt. Atm. Okeana 15, 71 (2002).
  13. V. V. Apollonov, N. Akhunov, S. I. Derzhavin, I. K. Kononov, A. A. Sirotin, K. N. Firsov, and V. A. Yamshchikov, “A CO2 laser with tunable pulse width of the radiation,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1929 (1983). [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 1284 (1983)].
  14. G. A. Baranov, A. V. Astakhov, A. K. Zinchenko, A. A. Kuchinski?, Yu. I. Shevchenko, E. N. Sokolov, A. K. Kalitievski?, O. N. Godisov, S. V. Fedichev, V. Yu. Baranov, A. P. Dyad’kin, and E. A. Ryabov, “Technological complex for laser separation of the isotopes of carbon,” Ros. Khim. Zh. (Zh. Ros. khim. ob-va im. D.I. Mendeleeva) 45, No. 5–6, 89 (2001).
  15. D. A. Goryachkin, V. M. Irtuganov, V. P. Kalinin, Yu. T. Mazurenko, and Yu. A. Rubinov, “Atmospheric and superatmospheric-pressure CO2 lasers with a self-maintained discharge,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Fiz. 46, 1877 (1982).
  16. L. Gallais, J. Y. Natoli, and C. Amra, “Statistical study of single- and multiple-pulse laser-induced damage in glasses,” Opt. Express 10, 1465 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. A. G. Kalintsev, N. A. Kalintseva, V. A. Serebryakov, and A. V. Kopyl’tsov, “Mathematical modelling of multistage parametric frequency converters,” in Abstracts of Reports of the Fourteenth International Conference on Laser Optics, St. Petersburg, 2010, WeR1 p. 45.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited