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Journal of Optical Technology

Journal of Optical Technology


  • Vol. 81, Iss. 2 — Feb. 1, 2014
  • pp: 111–113

Method of determining the skewness of the weft thread in fabric

P. G. Shlyakhtenko, O. V. Kofnov, and P. A. Sukharev  »View Author Affiliations

Journal of Optical Technology, Vol. 81, Issue 2, pp. 111-113 (2014)

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A method is proposed for determining the skewness of the weft thread relative to the warp thread of textile fabrics, using the Fraunhofer diffraction pattern, which can be obtained either by an instrumental method on the appropriate apparatus or by a calculational method using digital microphotography of the sample by means of a two-dimensional Fourier-transformation program. The digital image of the diffraction pattern is analyzed by means of a special computer program that constructs an angular diagram of the intensity distribution of the diffraction maxima. The size of the angle of interest between the weft thread and the warp thread of the test sample is judged from the angle measured between the directions to the maxima in this diagram.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1940) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction
(070.0070) Fourier optics and signal processing : Fourier optics and signal processing
(110.2960) Imaging systems : Image analysis

Original Manuscript: October 7, 2013
Published: March 24, 2014

P. G. Shlyakhtenko, O. V. Kofnov, and P. A. Sukharev, "Method of determining the skewness of the weft thread in fabric," J. Opt. Technol. 81, 111-113 (2014)

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  1. V. I.  Shkrobysheva, R. A.  Bykov, N. P.  Shchitova, Modern Equipment for Finishing Textile Materials. A Textbook (Ivan. Gos. Khim.-Tekhnol. Univ., Ivanovo, 2008).
  2. F. Kh.  Sadykova, D. M.  Sadykova, N. I.  Kudryashova, Textile Material Science and the Principles of Textile Products (Legkaya promyshlennost’ i bytovoe obsluzhivanie, Moscow, 1989).
  3. L. I.  Radzivil’chuk, N. G.  Druzhinina, “Using a diffraction method to monitor the skewness of weft threads,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. TTP No. 2, 9 (1990).
  4. P. A.  Sukharev, P.  Shlyakhtenko, A.  Rudin, O. V.  Kofnov, “Noninstrumental method of computerized Fourier image analysis of a surface to monitor the parameters of textile materials,” in Collection of Materials of the Reports of the All-Russia Scientific and Technical Conference on Modern Trends in the Development of Information Technologies in Textile Science and Practice, Dimitrovgrad, 2012, pp. 4–7.

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