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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Micha
  • Vol. 13, Iss. 23 — Nov. 14, 2005
  • pp: 9623–9628

Optical bistability and pulsating behaviour in Silicon-On-Insulator ring resonator structures.

G. Priem, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, G. Morthier, and R. Baets  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 13, Issue 23, pp. 9623-9628 (2005)

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We demonstrate optical bistability in a Silicon-On-Insulator two-bus ring resonator with input powers as low as 0.3mW . We evaluate the importance of the different nonlinear contributions and derive time constants for carrier and thermal relaxation effects. In some cases, we also observe pulsation due to interaction between the dominant nonlinear effects. Such a behaviour may be problematic for possible memory and switching operations. Alternatively, it could be used for (tunable) pulse generation.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.1450) Nonlinear optics : Bistability
(190.3100) Nonlinear optics : Instabilities and chaos
(190.4390) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, integrated optics

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: September 27, 2005
Revised Manuscript: November 8, 2005
Published: November 14, 2005

G. Priem, P. Dumon, W Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, G. Morthier, and R. Baets, "Optical bistability and pulsating behaviour in Silicon-On-Insulator ring resonator structures," Opt. Express 13, 9623-9628 (2005)

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  1. W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, P. Dumon, V. Wiaux, S. Beckx, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, J. Van Campenhout, P. Bienstman, and D. Van Thourhout, "Nanophotonic waveguides in Silicon-on-Insulator fabricated with CMOS Technology,�?? IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 401�??412 (2005). [CrossRef]
  2. D. Taillaert, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, �??Compact efficient broadband grating coupler for silicon-on-insulator waveguides,�?? Opt. Lett. 29, 2749�??2751 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. V. Almeida and M. Lipson, �??Optical bistability on a silicon chip,�?? Opt. Lett. 29, 2387�??2389 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. P. Barclay, K. Srinivasan, and O. Painter, �??Nonlinear response of silicon photonic crystal microresonators excited via an integrated waveguide and fiber taper,�?? Opt. Express 13, 801�??820 (2005), <a href=http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-3-801.> http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-3-801</a>. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. Notomi, A. Shinya, S. Mitsugi, G. Kira, E. Kuramochi, and T. Tanabe, �??Optical bistable switching action of Si high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavities,�?? Opt. Express 13, 2678�??2687 (2005), <a href=http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-7-2678.> http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-7-2678</a>. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. G. Priem, P. Bienstman, G. Morthier, and R. Baets, �??Resonator-based all-optical Kerr-nonlinear phase shifting: design and limitations,�?? J. Appl. Phys. 97, 023104 (2005). [CrossRef]
  7. A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, and M. Martinelli, �??Linear and nonlinear pulse propagation in coupled resonator slow-wave optical structures,�?? Opt. Quantum Electron. 35, 365�??379 (2003). [CrossRef]
  8. T. K. Liang and H. K. Tsang, �??Role of free carriers from two-photon absorption in Raman amplification in silicon-on-insulator waveguides,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2745�??2747 (2004). [CrossRef]
  9. R. Claps, V. Raghunathan, D. Dimitropoulos, and B. Jalali, �??Influence of nonlinear absorption on Raman amplification in silicon waveguides,�?? Opt. Express 12, 2774-2780 (2004), <a href=http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-12-2774.>http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-12-2774</a>. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. D. Dimitropoulos, R. Jhaveri, R. Claps, J. Woo, and B. Jalali, �??Lifetime of photogenerated carriers in silicon-on-insulator rib waveguides,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 071115 (2005). [CrossRef]
  11. H. Gibbs, Optical bistability: controlling light with light (Academic, Orlando, 1985).

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