OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 11, Iss. 19 — Sep. 22, 2003
  • pp: 2370–2378

Tunable liquid-filled microlens array integrated with microfluidic network

Nikolas Chronis, Gang L. Liu, Ki-Hun Jeong, and Luke P. Lee  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 11, Issue 19, pp. 2370-2378 (2003)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.11.002370


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1332 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

An elastomer-based tunable liquid-filled microlens array integrated on top of a microfluidic network is fabricated using soft lithographic techniques. The simultaneous control of the focal length of all the microlenses composing the elastomeric array is accomplished by pneumatically regulating the pressure of the microfluidic network. A focal length tuning range of hundreds of microns to several millimeters is achieved. Such an array can be used potentially in dynamic imaging systems and adaptive optics.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(220.4000) Optical design and fabrication : Microstructure fabrication
(230.3990) Optical devices : Micro-optical devices

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: July 22, 2003
Revised Manuscript: August 18, 2003
Published: September 22, 2003

Citation
Nikolas Chronis, Gang Liu, Ki-Hun Jeong, and Luke Lee, "Tunable liquid-filled microlens array integrated with microfluidic network," Opt. Express 11, 2370-2378 (2003)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-11-19-2370


Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. M. H. Wu, G. M. Whitesides, �??Fabrication of Diffractive and Micro-optical Elements Using Microlens Projection Lithography,�?? Adv. Mater. 14, 1502 (2002). [CrossRef]
  2. O. Matoba, E. Tajahuerce, B. Javidi, �??Three-dimensional object recognition based on multiple perspectives imaging with microlens arrays,�?? LEOS 2001. 14th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society. Part vol.2, pp.495-6, 2001, Piscataway, NJ, USA.
  3. H. Hamam, �??A two-way optical interconnection network using a single mode fiber array,�?? Opt. Commun. 150, 270 (1998). [CrossRef]
  4. J.C. Roulet, R. Volkel, HP Herzig, E Verpoorte, NF de Rooij, R Dandliker, �??Fabrication of multilayer systems combining microfluidic and microoptical elements for fluorescence detection,�?? J. Microelectromech. S. 10 (4), 482-491 (2001). [CrossRef]
  5. L. G. Commander, S. E. Day, and D. R. Selviah, �??Variable focal length microlenses,�?? Opt. Commun. 177, 157 (2000). [CrossRef]
  6. S. Kwon, and L. P. Lee, �??Focal length control by microfabricated planar electrodes-based liquid lens (µPELL),�?? 11th International conference on solid-state sensors and actuators: Transducers�??01, Munich, Germany, June 10-14, 2001.
  7. T. Krupenkin, S. Yang, and P. Mach, �??Tunable liquid microlens,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 316 (2003). [CrossRef]
  8. N. Sugiura and S. Morita, �??Variable-focus liquid-filled optical lens,�?? Appl. Opt. 32, 4181, (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. D. Zhang, V.Lien, Y. Berdichevsky, J. Choi, Y.H. Lo, �??Fluidic adaptive lens with high focal length tunability,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 82 (19), 3171-3172 (2003). [CrossRef]
  10. J. Cooper MC Donald, George M. Whitesides, �??Poly(dimethylsiloxane) as a Material for Fabricating Microfluidic Devices,�?? Acc. Chem. Res. 35 (7), 491-499 (2002). [CrossRef]
  11. J. Byung-Ho, L.M. Van Lerberghe, K.M. Motsegood, D.J. Beebe, �??Three-Dimensional Micro-Channel Fabrication in Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) Elastomer,�?? J. Microelectromech. S. 9 (1), 76-81 (2000). [CrossRef]
  12. ABCR 1994/1995. Research Chemical and Metals.
  13. C. Luo, J. Garra, T.W. Schneider, R. White, J. Currie, M. Paranjape, �??Determining local residual stress of polydimethylsiloxane using ink dots, and stiffening polydimethylsiloxane using SU-8 particles,�?? J. Micromech. Microeng. 12 (5), 677-681 (2002). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited