OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 12, Iss. 14 — Jul. 12, 2004
  • pp: 3257–3263

Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography with a diode-pumped broadband Cr3+:LiCAF laser

Philipp C. Wagenblast, Tony H. Ko, James G. Fujimoto, Franz X. Kaertner, and Uwe Morgner  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 12, Issue 14, pp. 3257-3263 (2004)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OPEX.12.003257


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (4034 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Ultrahigh resolution optical coherence tomography (OCT) is performed with a broadband, Kerr-lens mode-locked, diode-pumped Cr3+:LiCAF laser. The laser source has a bandwidth of 89 nm with an output power of 37 mW. OCT imaging is demonstrated with 4.5 µm axial resolution in air or 3.4 µm in tissue. In vivo imaging of the human retina is demonstrated. Ultrahigh resolution OCT images from the Cr3+:LiCAF laser source were compared with standard resolution images from a commercial OCT system and ultrahigh resolution OCT images from a Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser light source. The Cr3+:LiCAF source is pumped only by two single-emitter laser diodes, which makes this laser a viable, low-cost alternative to mode-locked Ti:sapphire lasers that are currently used for ultrahigh resolution OCT imaging.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.4050) Lasers and laser optics : Mode-locked lasers
(170.3880) Medical optics and biotechnology : Medical and biological imaging
(170.4500) Medical optics and biotechnology : Optical coherence tomography
(320.7090) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast lasers

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: June 1, 2004
Revised Manuscript: July 7, 2004
Published: July 12, 2004

Citation
Philipp Wagenblast, Tony Ko, James Fujimoto, Franz Kaertner, and Uwe Morgner, "Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography with a diode-pumped broadband Cr3+:LiCAF laser," Opt. Express 12, 3257-3263 (2004)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-14-3257


Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K.Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, J. G. Fujimoto, ???Optical coherence tomography,??? Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. A. F. Fercher, W. Drexler, C. K. Hitzenberger, T. Lasser, ???Optical coherence tomography - principles and applications,??? Rep. Prog. Phys. 66, 239-303 (2003). [CrossRef]
  3. T. H. Ko, D. C. Adler, J. G. Fujimoto, D. Mamedov, V. Prokhorov, V. Shidlovski, S. Yakubovich, ???Ultrahigh resolution optical coherence tomography imaging with a broadband superluminescent diode light source,??? Opt. Express 12, 2112-2119 (2004), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-10-2112">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-10-2112</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. B. Bouma, G. J. Tearney, S. A. Boppart, M. R. Hee, M. E. Brezinski, J. G. Fujimoto, ???High-resolution optical coherence tomographic imaging using a mode-locked Ti:Al2O3 laser source,??? Opt. Lett. 20, 1486-1488 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. W. Drexler, U. Morgner, F. X. Kaertner, C. Pitris, S. A. Boppart, X. D. Li, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, ???In vivo high resolution optical coherence tomography,??? Opt. Lett. 24, 1221-1223 (1999). [CrossRef]
  6. W. Drexler, U. Morgner, R. K. Ghanta, F. X. Kaertner, J. S. Schuman, J. G. Fujimoto, ???Ultrahigh resolution ophthalmic optical coherence tomography,??? Nature Med. 7, 502-50789 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. Unterhuber, B. Povazay, B. Hermann, H. Sattmann, W. Drexler, V. Yakovlev, G. Tempea, C. Schubert, E. M. Anger, P. K. Ahnelt, M. Stur, J. E. Morgan, A. Cowey, G. Jung, T. Le, A. Stingl, ???Compact low-cost Ti.Al2O3 laser for in vivo ultrahigh resolution optical coherence tomography,??? Opt. Lett. 28, 905-907 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. D. L. Marks, A. L. Oldenburg, J. J. Reynolds, S. A. Boppart, ???Study of an ultrahigh-numerical-aperture fiber continuum generation source for optical coherence tomography,??? Opt. Lett. 27, 2010-2012 (2002). [CrossRef]
  9. I. Hartl, X. D. Li, C. Chuboda, R. K. Ghanta, T. H. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, ???Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography using continuum generation in an air-silica microstructure optical fiber,??? Opt. Lett. 26, 608-610 (2001). [CrossRef]
  10. B. Povazay, K. Bizheva, A. Unterhuber, B. Hermann, H. Sattmann, A. F. Fercher, W. Drexler, A. Apolonski, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russel, M. Vetterlein, E. Scherzer, ???Submicrometer axial resolution optical coherence tomography,??? Opt. Lett. 27, 1800-1802 (2002). [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Wang, Y. Zhao, J. S. Nelson, Z. Chen, R. Windeler, ???Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography by broadband continuum generation from a photonic crystal fiber,??? Opt. Lett. 28, 182-184 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. S. Bourquin, A. D. Aguirre, I. Hartl, P. Hsiung, T. H. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, U. Buenting, D. Kopf, ???Ultrahigh resolution realtime OCT imaging using a compact femtosecond Nd :Glass laser and nonlinear fiber,??? Opt. Express 11, 3290-3297 (2003), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-24-3290">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-24-3290</a> [CrossRef]
  13. P. Wagenblast, R. Ell, U. Morgner, F. Grawert, F. X. Kaertner, ???10-fs, diode-pumped Cr3+:LiCAF laser,??? Opt. Lett. 28, 1713-1715 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. S. Uemura, K. Torizuka, ???Development of a Diode-Pumped Kerr-Lens Mode-Locked Cr:LiSAF laser,??? IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 68-73 (2003). [CrossRef]
  15. J. Herrmann, ???Theory of Kerr-lens mode-locking: role of self-focusing and radially varying gain,??? J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 498-512 (1994). [CrossRef]
  16. F. X. Kaertner, N. Matuschek, T. Schibli, U. Keller, H. A. Haus, C. Heine, R. Morf, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, ???Design and fabrication of double-chirped mirrors,??? Opt. Lett. 22, 831-833 (1997). [CrossRef]
  17. E. A. Swanson, J. A. Izatt, M. R. Hee, D. Huang, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, C. A. Puliafito, J. G. Fujimoto, ???In vivo retinal imaging by optical coherence tomography,??? Opt. Lett. 18, 1864-1866 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. M. R. Hee, J. A. Izatt, E. A. Swanson, ???Optical coherence tomography of the human retina,??? Archives of Ophthalmology 113, 325-332 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. M. R. Hee, C. A. Puliafito, J. S. Duker, ???Topography of diabetic macular edema with optical coherence tomography,??? Ophthalmology 105, 360-370 (1998). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. A. M. Kowalevicz, T. R. Schibli, F. X: Kaertner, J. G. Fujimoto, ???Ultralow threshold Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:Al2O3 laser,??? Opt. Lett. 27, 2037-2039 (2002). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
 
Fig. 4.
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited