OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 12, Iss. 26 — Dec. 27, 2004
  • pp: 6434–6439

Single-longitudinal-mode semiconductor laser with digital and mode-hop-free fine-tuning mechanisms

Tsung-Sheng Shih, Yu-Ping Lan, Yea-Feng Lin, Ru-Pin Pan, and Ci-Ling Pan  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 12, Issue 26, pp. 6434-6439 (2004)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OPEX.12.006434


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (146 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We report a novel external cavity laser diode (λ=1.5 µm). An intra-cavity liquid crystal pixel mirror allows digitally tuning of the laser wavelength to more than 40 wavelength channels of 100 GHz spacing according to the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) grid. Laser wavelength can further be fine-tuned by varying the driving voltages applied to an intra-cavity planar nematic liquid crystal phase plate. With a cell 52.3 µm in thickness, the output frequency can be continuously tuned over 1.89 GHz. The root-mean-square voltage required for driving the phase plate was from 1.00 to 4.56 volts.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1950) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction gratings
(060.4510) Fiber optics and optical communications : Optical communications
(140.2020) Lasers and laser optics : Diode lasers
(140.3410) Lasers and laser optics : Laser resonators
(140.3570) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, single-mode
(140.3600) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, tunable
(140.5960) Lasers and laser optics : Semiconductor lasers
(160.3710) Materials : Liquid crystals
(230.3720) Optical devices : Liquid-crystal devices

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: November 5, 2004
Revised Manuscript: December 4, 2004
Published: December 27, 2004

Citation
Tsung-Sheng Shih, Yu-Ping Lan, Yea-Feng Lin, Ru-Pin Pan, and Ci-Ling Pan, "Single-longitudinal-mode semiconductor laser with digital and mode-hop-free fine-tuning mechanisms," Opt. Express 12, 6434-6439 (2004)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-26-6434


Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. H. Hatateyama, K. Kudo, Y. Yokoyama, K. Naniwae and T. Sasaki, �??Wavelength-selectable microarray light source for wide-band DWDM applications,�?? Select. Topics Quantum. ElectronIEEE J.. 8, 1341-1348 (2002) [CrossRef]
  2. R. O�??Dowd, S. O�??Duill, G. Mulvihill, N. O�??Gorman, and Y. Yu, �??Frequency plan and wavelength switching limits for widely tunable semiconductor transmitters,�?? IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 7, 259-269 (2001). [CrossRef]
  3. C. -K. Chan, K. L. Sherman, and M. Zirngibl, �??A fast 100-channel wavelength-tunable transmitter for optical packet switching,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 729-731 (2001). [CrossRef]
  4. M. Kauer, M. Girault, J. Leuthold, J. Honthaas, O. Pellegri, C. Goullancourt, and M. Zringibl, �??16-channel digitally tunable external-cavity laser with nanosecond switching time,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 371- 373 (2003). [CrossRef]
  5. X. M. Zhang, A. Q. Liu, D. Y. Tang and C. Lu, "Discrete wavelength tunable laser using microelectromechanical systems technology, " Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 329-331 (2004). [CrossRef]
  6. N. J. C. Libatique, li Wang, and R. K. Jain, �??Single-longitudinal-mode tunable WDM-channel-selectable fiber laser,�?? Opt. Express 10, 1503-1507 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. C. �??L. Pan, S-H Tsai, R-P Pan,C-R Sheu , and S. C. Wang, "Tunable semiconductor laser with liquid crystal pixel mirror in grating-loaded external cavity, " Electron. Lett. 35, 1472-1473 (1999) [CrossRef]
  8. R. �??P. Pan, H.-C. Tung, C. �??R. Sheu, M. �??J. Huang and C. �??L. Pan , �??Wavelength Tunable Semiconductor Laser with a Liquid Crystal Pixel Mirror,�?? in Liquid Crystal Materials, Devices VIII Applications, L. C. Chien Editors, Proceedings of SPIE, 4658, 91-100 (2002)
  9. J. Struckmeier, A. Euteneuer, B. Smarsly, M. Breede, M. Born, and M. Hofmann, "Electronically tunable external-cavity laser diode," Opt. Lett. 24, 1573-1574 (1999). [CrossRef]
  10. M. Breede, et al., "Fourier-transform external cavity lasers," Opt. Commun. 207, 261-271 (2002). [CrossRef]
  11. Yu-Ping Lan, Chao-Yuan Chen, Ru-Pin Pan and Ci-Ling Pan, "Fine tuning of a diode laser wavelength with a liquid crystal intracavity element, " Opt. Eng. 43, 234-238 (2004). [CrossRef]
  12. Yu-Ping Lan, Ru-Pin Pan and Ci-Ling Pan, "Mode-hop-free fine-tuning of an external-cavity diode laser wavelength with an intracavity liquid crystal cell, " Opt. Lett. 29, 510-512 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. -J. Huang, et al., "Multimode optical demultiplexer for DWDM with liquid crystal enabled functionalities," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., 16, 2254-2256 (2004). [CrossRef]
  14. S. Brugioni, S. Faetti Pan and R. Meucci, "Mid-infrared refractive indices of the nematic mixture," Liquid Crystals 30, 927-930 [CrossRef]
  15. Shin-Tson. Wu, "Birefringence dispersions of liquid crystals, " Phys. Rev. A 33, 1270-1274 (1986) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. A. Godard, S. G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, P. Graindorge, and P. Martin, �??Side-mode gain in grating-tuned extendedcavity semiconductor lasers: investigation of stable single-mode operation conditions,�?? IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 390-401 (2002). [CrossRef]
  17. A. Godard, S. G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, and E. Ducloux, �??Modal competition via four-wave mixing in single-mode extended-cavity semiconductor lasers,�?? IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 970-981 (2004). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
 
Fig. 4.
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited