OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 13, Iss. 13 — Jun. 27, 2005
  • pp: 5087–5092

Fast detection of hydrogen with nano fiber tapers coated with ultra thin palladium layers

Joel Villatoro and David Monzón-Hernández  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 13, Issue 13, pp. 5087-5092 (2005)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (122 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We report a miniature hydrogen sensor that consists of a sub-wavelength diameter tapered optical fiber coated with an ultra thin palladium film. The optical properties of the palladium layer changes when the device is exposed to hydrogen. Consequently, the absorption of the evanescent waves also changes. The sensor was tested in a simple light transmission measurement setup that consisted of a 1550 nm laser diode and a photodetector. Our sensor is much smaller and faster than other optical hydrogen sensors reported so far. The sensor proposed here is suitable for detecting low concentrations of hydrogen at normal conditions.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2310) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics
(060.2370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics sensors
(060.2430) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fibers, single-mode
(300.1030) Spectroscopy : Absorption

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: May 2, 2005
Revised Manuscript: June 14, 2005
Published: June 27, 2005

Joel Villatoro and David Monzón-Hernández, "Fast detection of hydrogen with nano fiber tapers coated with ultra thin palladium layers," Opt. Express 13, 5087-5092 (2005)

Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. .J. Bures and R. Ghosh, �??Power density of the evanescent field in the vicinity of a tapered fibre,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 1992-1996 (1999). [CrossRef]
  2. F. L. Kien, J. Q. Liang, K. Hakuta, and J. I. Balykin, �??Field intensity distributions and polarization orientations in a vacuum-clad subwavelength-diameter optical fiber,�?? Opt. Commun. 242, 445-455 (2004). [CrossRef]
  3. L. Tong, J. Lou, and E. Mazur, �??Single-mode guiding properties of subwavelength-diameter silica and silicon wire waveguides,�?? Opt. Express 12, 1025-1035 (2004), <a href=http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-6-1025>http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm? URI=OPEX-12-6-1025</a>. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. G. Brambilla, V. Finazzi, and D. J. Richardson, �??Ultra-low-loss optical fiber nanotapers,�?? Opt. Express 12, 2258-2263 (2004), <a href=http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-10-2258>http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-10-2258</a>. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur �??Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,�?? Nature 426, 816-819 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. Lou, L. Tong, and Z. Ye, �??Modeling of silica nanowires for optical sensing,�?? Opt. Express 13, 2135-2140 (2005), <a href=http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-6-2135>http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-6-2135</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. Kong, N. R. Franklin, C. Zhou, M.G. Chapline, S. Peng, K.Cho, H. Dai, �??Nanotube molecular wires as chemical sensors,�?? Science 287, 622-625 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Y. Cui, Q. Wei, H. Park, C. M. Lieber, �??Nanowire nanosensors for highly sensitive and selective detection of biological and chemical species,�?? Science 293, 1289-1292 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. X. T. Zhou, J. Q. Hu, C. P. Li, D. D. D. Ma, C. S. Lee, and S. T. Lee, �??Silicon nanowires as chemical sensors,�?? Chem. Phys. Lett. 369, 220-224 (2003). [CrossRef]
  10. F. Favier, E. C. Walter, M. P. Zach, T. Benter, and R. M. Penner, �??Hydrogen sensors and switches from electrodeposited palladium mesowire arrays,�?? Science 293, 2227-2231 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. O. K. Varghese, D. Gong, M. Paulose, K. G. Ong, and C. A. Grimes, �??Hydrogen sensing using titania nanotubes,�?? Sens. Actuators B 93, 338-344 (2003). [CrossRef]
  12. M. Z. Atashbar, D. Banerji, and S. Singamaneni, �??Room-temperature hydrogen sensor based on palladium nanowires,�?? IEEE Sensors J. (to be published).
  13. F. Bilodeau, K. O. Hill, S. Faucher, and D. C. Johnson. �??Low loss highly overcoupled fused couplers: fabrication and sensitivity to external pressure,�?? IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1476-1482, (1988). [CrossRef]
  14. J. Villatoro, D. Monzón-Hernández, and E. Mejía, �??Fabrication and modeling of uniform-waist singlemode tapered optical fiber sensors,�?? Appl. Opt. 42, 2278-2283 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. R. P. Kenny, T. A. Birks, and K. P. Oakley, �??Control of optical fiber taper shape,�?? Electron. Lett. 27, 1654- 1656 (1991). [CrossRef]
  16. K. Wyzykowski, A. Rodzik, and B. Baranowski, �??Optical transmission and reflection of PdHx thin films,�?? J. Phys. Condens. Matter 1, 2269-2277 (1989). [CrossRef]
  17. M. A. Butler, �??Micromirror optical-fiber hydrogen sensor,�?? Sens. Actuators B 22, 155-163 (1994). [CrossRef]
  18. Y. T. Cheng, Y. Li, D. Lisi, and W. M. Wang, �??Preparation and characterization of Pd/Ni films for hydrogen sensing,�?? Sens. Actuators B 30, 11-16 (1996). [CrossRef]
  19. J. Villatoro, A. Diez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andres, �??In-line highly sensitive hydrogen sensors based on Pdcoated single-mode tapered fibers,�?? IEEE Sensors J. 3, 533-537 (2003). [CrossRef]
  20. J. Villatoro, D. Luna-Moreno, and D. Monzón Hernández, �??Optical fiber hydrogen sensor for concentrations below the lower explosive limit,�?? Sens. Actuators B (to be published).
  21. B. Chadwick, Tann, M. Brungs, and M. Gal, �??A hydrogen sensor based on the optical generation of surface plasmons in a palladium alloy,�?? Sens. Actuators B 17, 215-220 (1994). [CrossRef]
  22. X. Bévenot, A. Trouillet, C. Veillas, H. Gagnaire, and M. Clément, �??Surface plasmon resonance hydrogen sensor using an optical fibre,�?? Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 118-124 (2002 [CrossRef]
  23. Yu. O. Barmenkov, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, A. Diez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andres, �??Time-domain fiber laser hydrogen sensor,�?? Opt. Lett. 29, 2461-2463 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited