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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 13, Iss. 15 — Jul. 25, 2005
  • pp: 5592–5599

Three-dimensional photonic crystal flat lens by full 3D negative refraction

Zhaolin Lu, Shouyuan Shi, Christopher A. Schuetz, Janusz A. Murakowski, and Dennis W. Prather  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 13, Issue 15, pp. 5592-5599 (2005)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OPEX.13.005592


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Abstract

We present the experimental demonstration of imaging by all-angle negative refraction in a 3D photonic crystal flat lens at microwave frequencies. The flat lens is made of a body-centered cubic photonic crystal (PhC) whose dispersion at the third band results in group velocity opposite to phase velocity for electromagnetic waves. We fabricated the photonic crystal following a layer-by-layer process. A microwave imaging system was established based on a vector network analyzer, where two dipoles work as the source and the detector separately. By scanning the volume around the lens with the detector dipole, we captured the image of the dipole source in both amplitude and phase. The image of two incoherent sources separated by 0.44λ showed two resolvable spots, which served to verify sub-wavelength resolution.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(100.6640) Image processing : Superresolution
(110.2990) Imaging systems : Image formation theory
(110.6880) Imaging systems : Three-dimensional image acquisition
(120.5050) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Phase measurement
(220.3620) Optical design and fabrication : Lens system design

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: April 15, 2005
Revised Manuscript: May 19, 2005
Published: July 25, 2005

Citation
Zhaolin Lu, Shouyuan Shi, Christopjer Schuetz, Janusz Murakowski, and Dennis Prather, "Three-dimensional photonic crystal flat lens by full 3D negative refraction," Opt. Express 13, 5592-5599 (2005)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-15-5592


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