OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 13, Iss. 2 — Jan. 24, 2005
  • pp: 519–525

Net continuous wave optical gain in a low loss silicon-on-insulator waveguide by stimulated Raman scattering

Richard Jones, Haisheng Rong, Ansheng Liu, Alexander W. Fang, Mario J. Paniccia, Dani Hak, and Oded Cohen  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 13, Issue 2, pp. 519-525 (2005)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OPEX.13.000519


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (129 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We observe for the first time net continuous wave optical gain in a low loss silicon-on-insulator waveguide based on stimulated Raman scattering. We show that nonlinear optical loss due to two-photon absorption induced free carrier absorption can be significantly reduced by introducing a reverse biased p-i-n diode in the waveguide. For a 4.8 cm long waveguide with an effective core area of ~1.6 µm2, we obtain a net CW Raman gain of >3dB with a pump power of ~700mW inside the waveguide.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.0130) Integrated optics : Integrated optics
(190.4390) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, integrated optics
(230.4320) Optical devices : Nonlinear optical devices
(230.7370) Optical devices : Waveguides
(250.5300) Optoelectronics : Photonic integrated circuits

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: December 14, 2004
Revised Manuscript: January 4, 2005
Published: January 24, 2005

Citation
Richard Jones, Haisheng Rong, Ansheng Liu, Alexander Fang, Mario Paniccia, Dani Hak, and Oded Cohen, "Net continuous wave optical gain in a low loss silicon-on-insulator waveguide by stimulated Raman scattering," Opt. Express 13, 519-525 (2005)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-2-519


Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. H. Rong, A. Liu, R. Nicolaescu, M. Paniccia, O. Cohen, and D. Hak, �??Raman gain and nonlinear optical absorption measurements in a low-loss silicon waveguide,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2196-2198 (2004) [CrossRef]
  2. A. Liu, H. Rong, M. Paniccia, O. Cohen, and D. Hak, �??Net optical gain in a low loss silicon-on-insulator waveguide by stimulated Raman scattering,�?? Opt. Express 12, 4261-4268 (2004) <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-18-4261">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-18-4261</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. Q. Xu, V. R. Almeida, and M. Lipson, �??Time-resolved study of Raman gain in highly confined silicon-on-insulator waveguides,�?? Opt. Express 12, 4437-4442 (2004) <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-19-443">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-19-443</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. T. K. Liang and H. K. Tsang, �??Efficient Raman amplification in silicon-on-insulator waveguides,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3343-3345 (2004) [CrossRef]
  5. O. Boyraz and B. Jalali, �??Demonstration of 11dB fiber-to-fiber gain in a silicon Raman amplifier,�?? IEICE Elect. Express 1, 429-434 (2004) [CrossRef]
  6. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd edition (Academic Press, New York, 1995).
  7. D. F. Edwards, �??Silicon (Si),�?? in Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids, E. D. Palik, eds. (Academic Press, San Diego, Calif., 1998), 547-569.
  8. H. K. Tsang, C. S. Wong, T. K. Liang, I. E. Day, S. W. Roberts, A. Harpin, J. Drake, and M. Asghari, �??Optical dispersion, two-photon absorption and self-phase modulation in silicon waveguides at 1.5 µm wavelength,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 416-418 (2002). [CrossRef]
  9. R. Claps, V. Raghunathan, D. Dimitropoulos, and B. Jalali, �??Influence of nonlinear absorption on Raman amplification in Silicon waveguides,�?? Opt. Express 12, 2774-2780 (2004). <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-12-2774">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-12-2774</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. O. Boyraz and B. Jalali, �??Demonstration of a silicon Raman laser,�?? Opt. Express 12, 5269-5273 (2004) <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-21-5269">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-21-5269</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. Details are available at <a href="http://www.photond.com">http://www.photond.com</a>
  12. G. T. Reed and A. P. Knights, Silicon Photonics: An Introduction (John Wiley, West Sussex, 2004). [CrossRef]
  13. R. A. Soref and B. R. Bennett, �??Electro-optical effects in Silicon,�?? IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 123-129 (1987) [CrossRef]
  14. R. A. Soref and B. R. Bennett, �??Kramers-Kronig analysis of electro-optical switching in silicon,�?? Proc. SPIE 704, 32-37 (1986).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited