OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 13, Iss. 2 — Jan. 24, 2005
  • pp: 612–620

Optical properties of waveguides written by a 26 MHz stretched cavity Ti:sapphire femtosecond oscillator

R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, V. Maselli, A. Yin, M. Zavelani-Rossi, G. Cerullo, P. Laporta, L. Aiello, S. De Nicola, P. Ferraro, A. Finizio, and G. Pierattini  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 13, Issue 2, pp. 612-620 (2005)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OPEX.13.000612


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (553 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We report on the fabrication, by a 26 MHz stretched-cavity femtosecond Ti:sapphire oscillator, of optical waveguides in different glass substrates, and their optical characterization. Operation of these waveguides in the telecom range at 1.55 µm is demonstrated. Digital holography microscopy is used to measure their refractive index profile. The results evidence a strong dependence of the fabrication process on the glass matrix. ©2005 Optical Society of America

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.3120) Integrated optics : Integrated optics devices
(140.3390) Lasers and laser optics : Laser materials processing
(140.7090) Lasers and laser optics : Ultrafast lasers

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: December 23, 2004
Revised Manuscript: January 11, 2005
Published: January 24, 2005

Citation
Roberto Osellame, N. Chiodo, V. Maselli, A. Yin, M. Zavelani-Rossi, G. Cerullo, P. Laporta, L. Aiello, S. De Nicola, P. Ferraro, A. Finizio, and G. Pierattini, "Optical properties of waveguides written by a 26 MHz stretched cavity Ti:sapphire femtosecond oscillator," Opt. Express 13, 612-620 (2005)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-2-612


Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. K.M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, �??Writing waveguides in glass with a femtosecond laser,�?? Opt. Lett. 21, 1729-1731 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, �??Photowritten optical waveguides in various glasses with ultrashort pulse laser,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329-3331 (1997). [CrossRef]
  3. D. Homoelle, S. Wielandy, A.L. Gaeta, N.F. Borrelli, and C. Smith, �??Infrared photosensitivity in silica glasses exposed to femtoseconde laser pulses,�?? Opt. Lett. 24, 1311-1313 (1999). [CrossRef]
  4. M. Will, S. Nolte, B. N. Chichkov, and A. Tünnermann, �??Optical properties of waveguides fabricated in fused silica by femtosecond laser pulses,�?? Appl. Opt. 41, 4360-4364 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A.M. Streltsov and N.M. Borrelli, �??Study of femtosecond-laser-written waveguides in glasses,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2496-2504 (2002). [CrossRef]
  6. G. Cerullo, R. Osellame, S. Taccheo, M. Marangoni, D. Polli, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, S. De Silvestri, �??Femtosecond micromachining of symmetric waveguides at 1.5 µm by astigmatic beam focusing,�?? Opt. Lett. 27, 1938-1941 (2002). [CrossRef]
  7. J.W. Chan, T. Huser, S.H. Risbud, J.S. Hayden and D.M. Krol, �??Waveguide fabrication in phosphate glasses using femtosecond laser pulses,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2371-2373 (2003). [CrossRef]
  8. C. Florea, and K. A. Winick, �??Fabrication and characterization of photonic devices directly written in glass using femtosecond laser pulses,�?? J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 246-253 (2003). [CrossRef]
  9. S. Nolte, M. Will, J. Burghoff, and A. Tuennermann, �??Femtosecond waveguide writing: a new avenue to three-dimensional integrated optics,�?? Appl. Phys. A 77, 109-111 (2003). [CrossRef]
  10. W. Watanabe, T. Asano, K. Yamada, K. Itoh, and J. Nishii, �??Wavelength division with three-dimensional couplers fabricated by filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses,�?? Opt. Lett. 28, 2491-2493 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, G. Della Valle, S. Taccheo, R. Ramponi, G. Cerullo, A. Killi, U. Morgner, M. Lederer, and D. Kopf, �??Optical waveguide writing with a diode-pumped femtosecond oscillator,�?? Opt. Lett. 29, 1900 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. A.M. Streltsov and N.F. Borrelli, �?? Fabrication and analysis of a directional coupler written in glass by nanojoule femtosecond laser pulses,�?? Opt. Lett. 26, 42-43 (2001). [CrossRef]
  13. C.B. Schaffer, A. Brodeur, J.F. Garcia, and E. Mazur, �??Micromachining bulk glass by use of femtosecond laser pulses with nanojoule energy,�?? Opt. Lett. 26, 93-95 (2001). [CrossRef]
  14. K. Minoshima, A.M. Kowalevicz, I. Hartl, E.P. Ippen, and J.G. Fujimoto, �??Photonic device fabrication in glass by use of nonlinear materials processing with a femtosecond laser oscillator,�?? Opt. Lett. 26, 1516- 1518 (2001). [CrossRef]
  15. K. Minoshima, A.M. Kowalevicz, E.P. Ippen, and J.G. Fujimoto, �??Fabrication of coupled mode photonic devices in glass by nonlinear femtosecond laser materials processing,�?? Opt. Express 10, 645-652 (2002), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-10-15-645. [PubMed]
  16. P. Oberson, B. Gisin, B. Huttner, and N. Gisin, �??Refracted near-field measurements of refractive index and geometry of silica-on-silicon integrated optical waveguides,�?? Appl. Opt. 37, 7268-7272 (1998). [CrossRef]
  17. R. S. Taylor, C. Hnatovsky, E. Simova, D. M. Rayner, M. Mehandale, V. R. Bhardwaj, P. B. Corkum, �??Ultra-high resolution index of refraction profiles of femtosecond laser modified silica structures,�?? Opt. Express 11, 775-781 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-7-775. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. T. Colomb, P. Dahlgren, D. Beghuin, E. Cuche, P. Marquet, and C. Depeursinge, �??Polarization imaging by use of digital holography,�?? Appl. Opt. 41, 27-37 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. V. Shcheslavskiy, V. V. Yakovlev, A. Ivanov, �??High-energy self-starting femtosecond Cr4+ Mg2 SiO4 oscillator operating at a low repetition rate,�?? Opt. Lett. 26, 1999-2001 (2001). [CrossRef]
  20. S. Grilli, P. Ferraro, S. De Nicola, A. Finizio, G. Pierattini and R. Meucci, �??Whole optical wavefields reconstruction by digital holography,�?? Opt. Express 9, 294-302 (2001), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-9-6-294 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. P. Ferraro, S. de Nicola, A. Finizio, G. Coppola, S. Grilli, C. Magro, and G. Pierattini, �??Compensation of the inherent wave front curvature in digital holographic coherent microscopy for quantitative phase-contrast imaging,�?? Appl. Opt. 42, 1938-1946 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. P. Ferraro, S. De Nicola. A. Finizio, G. Pierattini, G. Coppola, �??Recovering image resolution in reconstructing digital off-axis holograms by Fresnel-transform method,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2709-2711 (2004). [CrossRef]
  23. C.B. Schaffer, J.F. Garcia, E. Mazur,�?? Bulk heating of transparent materials using a high-repetition-rate femtosecond laser,�?? Appl. Phys. A 76, 351-354 (2003). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited