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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 13, Iss. 3 — Feb. 7, 2005
  • pp: 796–800

Demonstration of directly modulated silicon Raman laser

Ozdal Boyraz and Bahram Jalali  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 13, Issue 3, pp. 796-800 (2005)

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The first Raman laser with intra-cavity electronic switching is demonstrated. Digital control of intra-cavity gain is attained by using a diode gain cavity. In contrast to traditional Raman lasers, the Raman laser reported here is made from pure silicon and can be directly modulated to transmit data. Room temperature operation with 2.5W peak laser output power is demonstrated.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3550) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, Raman
(140.5960) Lasers and laser optics : Semiconductor lasers
(190.4390) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, integrated optics
(230.4320) Optical devices : Nonlinear optical devices
(230.7370) Optical devices : Waveguides
(250.5300) Optoelectronics : Photonic integrated circuits

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: January 4, 2005
Revised Manuscript: January 21, 2005
Published: February 7, 2005

Ozdal Boyraz and Bahram Jalali, "Demonstration of directly modulated silicon Raman laser," Opt. Express 13, 796-800 (2005)

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  1. R. Claps, D. Dimitropoulos, and B. Jalali, �??Stimulated Raman scattering in silicon waveguides,�?? Electronics Lett. 38, 1352-1354 (2002). [CrossRef]
  2. Ozdal Boyraz and Bahram Jalali, �??Demonstration of a silicon Raman laser,�?? Opt. Express 12, 5269-5273 (2004), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-21-5269">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-21-5269</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. R.H. Stolen, C. Lin, J. Shah, and R.F. Leheny, �??A fiber Raman ring laser,�?? IEEE J. Quantum Electronics QE-14, 860-862, (1978). [CrossRef]
  4. S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, �??Ultralow-threshold Raman laser using spherical dielectric microcavity,�?? Nature 415, 621-623, (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A.B. Matsko, A.A. Savchenkov, R.J. Letargat, V.S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, �??On cavity modification of stimulated Raman scattering,�?? J. of Opt. B 5, 272-278 (2003). [CrossRef]
  6. Soref, R.A., Bennett, B. R., �??Electrooptical effects in silicon,�?? IEEE J. Quantum Electronics 23, 123-129, (1987). [CrossRef]
  7. L. Pavesi and D. J. Lockwood, Silicon Photonics (Springer-verlag, New York, 2004).
  8. C.A.,Barrios, V.R.,de Almeida, M.,Lipson, �??Low-power-consumption short-length and high-modulation-depth silicon electrooptic modulator,�?? J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 1089-1098, (2003). [CrossRef]
  9. A.S. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, �??A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor,�?? Nature 427, 615-618 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. Ozdal Boyraz, Dimitri Dimitropoulos and Bahram Jalali, �??Observation of simultaneous Stokes and anti-Stokes emission in a silicon Raman laser,�?? IEICE Electron. Express 1, 435-441, (2004). [CrossRef]
  11. P. Koonath, T. Indukuri and B. Jalali, �??Vertically-coupled microdisk resonators realized using three-dimensional sculpting in Silicon,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1018-1020, (2004). [CrossRef]
  12. Ming-Chang M. Lee and Ming C. Wu, �??A MEMS-Actuated Tunable Microdisk Resonator,�?? Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Optical MEMS, 2003, MC3
  13. G.T., Reed, S.P.,Chan, W.,Headley, V.M.N., Passaro, L A.,iu. and M., Paniccia, �??Polarization independent devices in small SOI waveguides,�?? Proc. of Int. Conf. on Group IV photonics, FB5, (2004).
  14. T.K. Liang, H.K. Tsang; �??Role of free carriers from two-photon absorption in Raman amplification in silicon-on-insulator waveguides,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2745-2747 (2004). [CrossRef]
  15. R. Claps, V. Raghunathan, D. Dimitropoulos, and B. Jalali, �??Influence of nonlinear absorption on Raman amplification in Silicon waveguides,�?? Opt. Express 12, 2774-2780 (2004), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-12-2774">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-12-2774</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]

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