OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 13, Iss. 9 — May. 2, 2005
  • pp: 3543–3557

3 Dimensional analysis of holographic photopolymers based memories

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, J. V. Kelly, and J. T. Sheridan  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 13, Issue 9, pp. 3543-3557 (2005)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OPEX.13.003543


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (532 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

One of the most interesting applications of photopolymers is as holographic recording materials for holographic memories. One of the basic requirements for this application is that the recording material thickness must be 500 µm or thicker. In recent years many 2-dimensional models have been proposed for the analysis of photopolymers. Good agreement between theoretical simulations and experimental results has been obtained for layers thinner than 200 µm. The attenuation of the light inside the material by Beer’s law results in an attenuation of the index profile inside the material and in some cases the effective optical thickness of the material is lower than the physical thickness. This is an important and fundamental limitation in achieving high capacity holographic memories using photopolymers and cannot be analyzed using 2-D diffusion models. In this paper a model is proposed to describe the behavior of the photopolymers in 3-D. This model is applied to simulate the formation of profiles in depth for different photopolymer viscosities and different intensity attenuations inside the material.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(090.0090) Holography : Holography
(090.2900) Holography : Optical storage materials
(090.7330) Holography : Volume gratings
(210.4810) Optical data storage : Optical storage-recording materials

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: March 16, 2005
Revised Manuscript: April 21, 2005
Published: May 2, 2005

Citation
Sergi Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, J. V. Kelly, and J. T. Sheridan, "3 Dimensional analysis of holographic photopolymers based memories," Opt. Express 13, 3543-3557 (2005)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-9-3543


Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. D. H. Close, A. D. Jacobson, J. D. Margerum, R. G. Brault, and F.J. McClung, �??Hologram recorded on photopolymer holographic recording material,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 14, 159-160 (1969). [CrossRef]
  2. J. M. Moran and I. P. Kaminow, �??Properties of holographic gratings photoinduced in polymethyl methacrylate,�?? Appl. Opt. 12, 1964-1970 (1973). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. T. Ingwall and M. Troll, �??The mechanism of hologram formation in DMP-128 photopolymer, in Holographic Optics: Design and Applications,�?? Proc. SPIE 883, 94 (1988).
  4. D. A. Walkman, H-Y. S. Li and M. G. Horner, �??Volume Shrinkage in Slant Fringe Gratings of a Cationic Ring-Opening Holographic Recording Material,�?? J. Im. Science and Technology 41, 497-514 (1997).
  5. J. R. Lawrence, F. T. O�??Neill and J. T. Sheridan, �??Photopolymer holographic recording material,�?? Optik, 112, 449-463 (2001). [CrossRef]
  6. S. Blaya, L. Carretero and A. Fimia. �??Highly sensitive photopolymerisable dry film for use in real time holography,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett., 75, 1628-1630 (1998). [CrossRef]
  7. Márquez, C. Neipp, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, I. Pascual and A. Beléndez, �??Holographically edge enhanced image formation system,�?? Opt. Lett. 28, 1510-1512 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. G. Zhao and P. Mouroulis, �??Diffusion model of hologram formation in dry photopolymers materials,�?? J. Mod. Opt. 41, 1929-1939 (1994). [CrossRef]
  9. J. Lougnot, P. Jost and L. Lavielle, �??Polymers for holographic recording: VI. Some Basic ideas for modelling the Kinetics of the recording process�??, Pure and Appl. Opt. 6, 225-245 (1997). [CrossRef]
  10. S. Piazzolla y B. K. Jenkins, �??First-harmonic diffusion model for holographic grating formation in photopolymers�??, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1147-1157 (2000). [CrossRef]
  11. J. T. Sheridan and J. R. Lawrence, �??Nonlocal-response diffusion model of holographic recording in photopolymer�??, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 1008-1014 (2000). [CrossRef]
  12. V. Moreau, Y. Renotte and Y. Lion, �??Characterization of DuPont photopolymer: determination of kinetic parameters in a diffusion model�??, Applied Optics 41, 3427-3435 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. Neipp, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, M. �?lvarez, A. Beléndez and I. Pascual �??First harmonic diffusion based model applied to a PVA/Acrylamida based photopolymer,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, 20, 2052-2060 (2003). [CrossRef]
  14. R. R. Adhami, D. J. Lanteigne and D. A. Gregory, �??Photopolymer hologram formation theory�??, Microwave Optics Technology Letters 4, 106-109 (1991). [CrossRef]
  15. V. L Colvin, R. G. Larson, A. L. Harris and M. L. Schilling, �??Quantitative model of volume hologram formation in photopolymers�??, Journal of Applied Physics 81, 5913-5923 (1997). [CrossRef]
  16. G. M. Karpov, V. V. Obukhovsky, T. N. Smirnova and V. V. Lemeshko, �??Spatial transfer of matter as method of holographic recording in photoformers�??, Optics Communications 174, 391-404 (2000). [CrossRef]
  17. S. Blaya, L. Carretero, R. F. Madrigal, M. Ulibarrena, P. Acebal and A. Fimia, �??Photopolymerization model for holographic gratings formation in photopolymers�??, Applied Physics B 77, 639-662 (2003). [CrossRef]
  18. C. Neipp, J. T. Sheridan, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, I. Pascual and A. Beléndez, �??Effect of a depth attenuated refractive index profile in the angular responses of the efficiency of higher orders in volume gratings recorded in a PVA/Acrylamide photopolymer�?? Opt. Comm. 233, 311-322 (2004). [CrossRef]
  19. S. Gallego, C. Neipp, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, J. V. Kelly, J. T. Sheridan, �??Physical and effective optical thickness of holographic diffraction gratings recorded in photopolymers�?? Opt. Express 13, 1939-1947 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. S. Gallego, C. Neipp, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, I. Pascual and A. Beléndez �??Optical and physical thickness of holographic diffraction gratings recorded in photopolymers,�?? Opto Ireland, SPIE Europe.
  21. S. Gallego, C. Neipp, M. Ortuño, A. Beléndez and I. Pascual �??Stabilization of volume gratings recorded in PVA/acrylamide photopolymers with diffraction efficiencies higher than 90%,�?? J. Mod. Opt. 51, 491-503 (2004). [CrossRef]
  22. S. Gallego, C. Neipp, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual �??Diffusion based model to predict the conservation of holographic gratings recorded in PVA/Acrylamide photopolymer,�?? Appl. Opt. 42, 5839-5845 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, C. García, A. Beléndez, and I. Pascual, �??Temporal evolution of the angular response of a holographic diffraction grating in PVA/acrylamide photopolymer,�?? Opt. Express 11, 181-190 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez and I. Pascual, �??Optimization of a 1 mm thick PVA/acrylamide recording material to obtain holographic memories: method of preparation and holographic properties,�?? Appl. Phys. B 76, 851-857 (2003). [CrossRef]
  25. M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, and I. Pascual, �??Holographic characteristics of a 1 mm thick photopolymer to be used in holographic memories,�?? Appl. Opt. 42 (35) 7008-7012 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, I. Pascual and J. T. Sheridan, �??Angular responses of the first and second diffracted orders in transmission diffraction grating recorded on photopolymer material,�?? Opt. Express 11, 1835-1843 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. I. Aubrecht, M. Miler y I. Koudela, �??Recording of holographic diffraction gratings in photopolymers: theoretical modelling and real-time monitoring of grating growth,�?? J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1465-1477 (1998). [CrossRef]
  28. J. Lougnot, P. Jost y L. Lavielle, �??Polymers for holographic recording: VI. Some Basic ideas for modeling the Kinetics of the recording process,�?? Pure and Appl. Opt. 6, 225-245 (1997). [CrossRef]
  29. S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, and I. Pascual, �??Characterization of PVA/AA holographic memories using first harmonic diffusion model,�?? Appl. Opt. Accepted by minor revision.
  30. A. Pu, K. Curtis and P. Psaltis, �??Exposure schedule for multiplexing holograms in photopolymer films,�?? Opt. Eng. 35, 2824-2829 (1996). [CrossRef]
  31. H. J. Coufal, D. Psaltis, Holographic Data Storage, G. T. Sincerbox, Springer-Verlag, New York, 2000.
  32. N. Uchida, �??Calculation of diffraction efficiency in hologram gratings attenuated along the direction perpendicular to the grating vector,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 63, 280-285 (1973). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited