OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 11 — May. 29, 2006
  • pp: 4617–4624

Laser frequency-noise-limited ultrahigh resolution remote fiber sensing

Jong H. Chow, Ian C. M. Littler, David E. McClelland, and Malcolm B. Gray  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 11, pp. 4617-4624 (2006)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (173 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



When a fiber Fabry-Perot is used in an ultra-sensitive strain detection system via a radio-frequency interrogation scheme, its frequency discrimination properties can be enhanced by reducing the linewidth of its resonance. This increases the signal-to-noise ratio, and thus suppresses the strain equivalent noise floor. We demonstrate this improvement in a long-distance high performance remote sensing system and show that in reflection, it can mitigate the effects of random phase noise introduced by Rayleigh back-scattering. In transmission, it improves the remote system sensitivity to sub-picostrain resolution, which surpasses any other long-distance remote sensing system to date. With the reduced fiber Fabry-Perot linewidth, all noise sources in the delivery fiber become irrelevant, as the transmission system is limited only by the pre-stabilized laser frequency noise.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics sensors
(120.0280) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Remote sensing and sensors
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

Original Manuscript: March 22, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: May 8, 2006
Published: May 29, 2006

Jong H. Chow, Ian C. Littler, David E. McClelland, and Malcolm B. Gray, "Laser frequency-noise-limited ultrahigh resolution remote fiber sensing," Opt. Express 14, 4617-4624 (2006)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. JongH. Chow, Ian C. M. Littler, Glenn de Vine, David E. McClelland, and Malcolm B. Gray, "Phase-sensitive interrogation of fiber Bragg grating resonators for sensing applications," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 1881- 1889 (2005). [CrossRef]
  2. MalcolmB.  Gray, Jong H. Chow, Ian C. M. Littler, and David E. McClelland, "Ultra-High resolution strain sensing by phase-sensitive interrogation of a passive fiber Bragg resonator," Proceedings of SPIE 17th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors, SPIE 5855B, 623-636, Bruges, Belgium (2005).
  3. JongH. Chow, David E. McClelland, Malcolm B. Gray, and Ian C. M. Littler, "Demonstration of a passive sub-picostrain fiber strain sensor," Opt. Lett. 30, 1923-1925 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. ClayK. Kirkendall, and Anthony Dandridge, "Overview of high performance fibre-optic sensing," J. Phys. D,  37, R197-R216 (2004). [CrossRef]
  5. AlanD. Kersey, Michael A. Davis, Heather J. Patrick, Michel LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. Joseph Friebele, "Fiber Grating Sensors," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442-1463 (1997). [CrossRef]
  6. Ping Wan and Jan Conradi, "Impact of double Rayleigh backscatter noise on digital and analog fiber systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 288-297 (1996). [CrossRef]
  7. G.A. Cranch, A. Dandridge, and C.K. Kirkendall, "Suppression of double Rayleigh scattering-induced excess noise in remotely interrogated fiber-optic interferometric sensors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1582-1584 (2003). [CrossRef]
  8. R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, "Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator," Appl. Phys. B 31, 97-105 (1983). [CrossRef]
  9. Stephane Schilt, Luc Thevenaz, and Philippe Robert, "Wavelength modulation spectroscopy: combined frequency and intensity laser modulation," Appl. Opt. 42, 6728-6738 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. K Wanser, "Fundamental phase noise limit in optical fibres due to temperature fluctuations," Electron. Lett. 28, 53-54, (1992). [CrossRef]
  11. X. Zhu, and D. Cassidy, "Modulation spectroscopy with a semiconductor diode laser by injection-current modulation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1945-1950 (1997). [CrossRef]
  12. G. Gagliardi, M. Salza, P. Ferraro, P. De Natale, "Fiber Bragg-grating strain sensor interrogation using laser radio-frequency modulation," Opt. Express 13, 2377-2384 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. Dennis Derickson, Fiber Optic Test and Measurement, (Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, 1998).
  14. H. Rhode, J. Eschner, F. Schmidt-Kaler, and R. Blatt, "Optical decay from a Fabry-Perot cavity faster than the decay time," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1425-1429 (2002). [CrossRef]
  15. Manish Gupta, Hong Jiao, and Anthony O’Keefe, "Cavity-enhanced spectroscopy in optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 27, 1878-1880 (2002). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited