OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 12 — Jun. 12, 2006
  • pp: 5223–5231

Long-term measurement of optical frequencies using a simple, robust and low-noise fiber based frequency comb

Hajime Inaba, Yuta Daimon, Feng-Lei Hong, Atsushi Onae, Kaoru Minoshima, Thomas R. Schibli, Hirokazu Matsumoto, Masaaki Hirano, Toshiaki Okuno, Masashi Onishi, and Masataka Nakazawa  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 12, pp. 5223-5231 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.14.005223


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1051 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We have developed a fiber-based frequency comb system consisting of a simple mode-locked fiber laser and a backward pumping amplifier combined with a highly nonlinear fiber with a short zero-dispersion wavelength. As a result, the signal to noise ratio of the obtained carrier-envelope-offset frequency beat is larger than 45 dB at a bandwidth of 100 kHz. Furthermore, we have succeeded in measuring the optical frequencies of a 1542-nm acetylene-stabilized laser and a 532-nm iodine-stabilized Nd:YAG laser continuously for more than one week using the fiber-based comb system. The long-term measurement revealed that the frequency stability of the iodine-stabilized laser was 5.7×10-15 with 100 000 s averaging.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.3930) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Metrological instrumentation
(140.4050) Lasers and laser optics : Mode-locked lasers

ToC Category:
Instrumentation, Measurement, and Metrology

History
Original Manuscript: April 6, 2006
Revised Manuscript: May 22, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: May 30, 2006
Published: June 12, 2006

Citation
Hajime Inaba, Yuta Daimon, Feng-Lei Hong, Atsushi Onae, Kaoru Minoshima, Thomas R. Schibli, Hirokazu Matsumoto, Masaaki Hirano, Toshiaki Okuno, Masashi Onishi, and Masataka Nakazawa, "Long-term measurement of optical frequencies using a simple, robust and low-noise fiber based frequency comb," Opt. Express 14, 5223-5231 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-12-5223


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch. "Absolute optical frequency measurement of the cesium D1 line with a mode-locked laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568-3571 (1999). [CrossRef]
  2. D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stenz, R. S. Windler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff. "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. Onae, T. Ikegami, K. Sugiyama, F-L. Hong, K. Minoshima, H. Matsumoto, K. Nakagawa, M. Yoshida and, S. Harada, "Optical frequency link between an acetylene stabilized laser at 1542 nm and an Rb stabilized laser at 778 nm using a two-colour mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Commun. 183, 181-187 (2000). [CrossRef]
  4. F. Tauser, A. Leitenstorfer, and W. Zinth, "Amplified femtosecond pulses from an Er fiber system: Nonlinear pulse shortening and self-referencing detection of the carrier-envelope-phase evolution," Opt. Express 11, 594-600 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. F.-L. Hong, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, H. Inaba, H. Takada, A. Hirai, H. Matsumoto, T. Sugiura, and M. Yoshida, "Broad-spectrum frequency comb generation and carrier-envelope offset frequency measurement by second harmonic generation of a mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 1-3 (2003). [CrossRef]
  6. B. R. Washburn, S. A. Diddams, N. R. Newbury, J. W. Nicholson, M. F. Yan, and C. G. Jørgensen, "Phaselocked, erbium-fiber-laser-based frequency comb in the near infrared," Opt. Lett. 29, 250-252 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, I. Hartl, and M. E. Fermann, "Frequency metrology with a turnkey all-fiber system," Opt. Lett. 29, 2467-2469 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. F. Adler, K. Moutzouris, A. Leitenstorfer, H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, G. Grosche, and F. Tauser, "Phase-locked two-branch erbium-doped fiber laser system for long-term precision measurements of optical frequencies," Opt. Express 12, 5872-5880 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. H. Hundertmark, D. Wandt, C. Fallnich, N. Haverkamp, and H. R. Telle, "Phase-locked carrier-envelope offset frequency at 1560 nm," Opt. Express 12, 770-775 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. P. Kubina, P. Adel, F. Adler, G. Grosche, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, A. Leitenstorfer, B. Lipphardt, and H. Schnatz, "Long term comparison of two fiber based frequency comb systems," Opt. Express 13, 904-909 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. K. Tamura, J. Jacobson, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Unidirectional ring resonator for selfstarting passively mode-locked lasers," Opt. Lett. 18, 220-222 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. N. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, T. Sugawa, and Y. Kimura, "Continuum suppressed, uniformly repetitive 136 fs pulse generation from an erbium-doped fibre laser with nonlinear polarisation rotation," Electron. Lett. 29, 1327-1329 (1993). [CrossRef]
  13. T. Okuno, M. Onishi, T. Kashiwada, S. Ishikawa, and M. Nishimura, "Silica-based functional fibers with enhanced nonlinearity and their applications," IEEE J. of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics 5, 1385 (1999). [CrossRef]
  14. H. Inaba, S. Yanagimachi, F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, Y. Koga, and H. Matsumoto, "Stability degradation factors evaluated by phase noise measurement in an optical-microwave frequency link using an optical frequency comb," IEEE Trans. on Inst. and Meas. 54-2, 763-766 (2005) [CrossRef]
  15. B. Washburn and N. Newbury, "Phase, timing, and amplitude noise on supercontinua generated in microstructure fiber," Opt. Express 12, 2166-2175 (2004) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. A. Onae, K. Minoshima, J. Yoda, K. Nakagawa, A. Yamaguchi, M. Kourogi, K. Imai, and B. Widiyatomoko, "Toward an accurate frequency standard at 1.5 µm based on the acetylene overtone band transition," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 563-566 (1999). [CrossRef]
  17. F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, J. Jiang, R. Guo, H. Inaba, K. Minoshima, T. R. Schibli, and H. Matsumoto, "Absolute frequency measurement of an acetylene-stabilized laser at 1542 nm," Opt. Lett. 28, 2324-2326 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. J. Jiang, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, and F.-L. Hong, "Frequency measurement of acetylene-stabilized lasers using a femtosecond optical comb without carrier-envelope offset frequency control," Opt. Express 13, 1958-1965 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. L.-S. Ma, M. Zucco, S. Picard, L. Robertsson, and R. S. Windeler, "A new method to determine the absolute mode number of a mode-locked femtosecond-laser comb used for absolute optical frequency measurements," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1066-1071 (2003). [CrossRef]
  20. C. S. Edwards, H. S. Margolis, G. P. Barwood, S. N. Lea, P. Gill, G. Huang, W. R. C. Rowley, "Absolute frequency measurement of a 1.5-μm acetylene standard by use of a combined frequency chain and femtosecond comb," Opt. Lett. 29, 566-568 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. A. Czajkowski, J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, R. S. Windeler, "Absolute frequency measurement of acetylene transitions in the region of 1540 nm," Appl. Phys. B 79, 45-50 (2004). [CrossRef]
  22. P. Balling, M. Fischer, P. Kubina and R. Holzwarth, "Absolute frequency measurement of wavelength standard at 1542nm: acetylene stabilized DFB laser," Opt. Express 13, 9196-9201 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. P. Lesage, "Characterization of frequency stability: bias due to the juxtaposition of time-interval measurement," IEEE Trans. on Inst. and Meas. IM-32, 204-207 (1983) [CrossRef]
  24. F.-L. Hong, S. A. Diddams, R. Guo, Z.-Y. Bi, A. Onae, H. Inaba, J. Ishikawa, K. Okumura, D. Katsuragi, J. Hirata, T. Shimizu, T. Kurosu, Y. Koga, and H. Matsumoto, "Frequency measurements and hyperfine structure of the R(85)33- 0 transition of molecular iodine with a femtosecond optical comb," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 88-95 (2004). [CrossRef]
  25. F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Y. Zhang, R. Guo, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, "Frequency reproducibility of an iodine-stabilized Nd:YAG laser at 532 nm," Opt. Commun. 235, 377-385 (2004). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited