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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 8 — Apr. 17, 2006
  • pp: 3396–3405

Feedback-induced voltage change of aVertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser as an active detection system for miniature optical scanning probe microscopes

Dominique Heinis, Christophe Gorecki, Sylwester Bargiel, and Bernard Cretin  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 8, pp. 3396-3405 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.14.003396


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Abstract

We propose a novel detection technique for scanning probe microscopy based on the measuring of the feedback-induced voltage change of 780-nm VCSEL operating at constant current in far-field regime when we modulate mechanically the length of a coupled-cavity generating the feedback conditions. The voltage change of the VCSEL is produced by light back reflected from the sample to the laser cavity. Two-dimensional image probing is successfully demonstrated with high temporal resolution, offering a viable solution for miniature parallel scanning probe optical microscopes, such as confocal microscope, where the use of a photodetector is avoided. This approach opens the possibility to perform imaging tasks in a low cost and hand-held miniature device with much improved effective-space.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.3940) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Metrology
(140.5960) Lasers and laser optics : Semiconductor lasers
(180.5810) Microscopy : Scanning microscopy

ToC Category:
Microscopy

History
Original Manuscript: October 18, 2005
Revised Manuscript: February 4, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: April 8, 2006
Published: April 17, 2006

Virtual Issues
Vol. 1, Iss. 5 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Dominique Heinis, Christophe Gorecki, Sylwester Bargiel, and Bernard Cretin, "Feedback-induced voltage change of a Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser as an active detection system for miniature optical scanning probe microscopes," Opt. Express 14, 3396-3405 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-8-3396


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