OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 9 — May. 1, 2006
  • pp: 3864–3871

Heterogeneous integration of electrically driven microdisk based laser sources for optical interconnects and photonic ICs

P. Rojo Romeo, J. Van Campenhout, P. Regreny, A. Kazmierczak, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, J.M. Fedeli, and L. Di Cioccio  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 9, pp. 3864-3871 (2006)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (309 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A new approach for an electrically driven microlaser based on a microdisk transferred onto Silicon is proposed. The structure is based on a quaternary InGaAsP p-i-n junction including three InAsP quantum wells, on a thin membrane transferred onto silicon by molecular bonding. A p++/n++ tunnel junction is used as the p-type contact. The technological procedure is described and first experimental results show a laser emission in pulsed regime at room temperature, with a threshold current near 1.5 mA.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.5990) Integrated optics : Semiconductors
(140.2020) Lasers and laser optics : Diode lasers
(140.5960) Lasers and laser optics : Semiconductor lasers

ToC Category:
Integrated Optics

Original Manuscript: February 17, 2006
Revised Manuscript: April 21, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: April 24, 2006
Published: May 1, 2006

P. Rojo Romeo, J. Van Campenhout, P. Regreny, A. Kazmierczak, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, J. M. Fedeli, and L. Di Cioccio, "Heterogeneous integration of electrically driven microdisk based laser sources for optical interconnects and photonic ICs," Opt. Express 14, 3864-3871 (2006)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. D. Liu and C. Svensson, "Power consumption estimation in CMOS VLSI circuit," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 29,663-670 (1994). [CrossRef]
  2. G. Tosik, F. Gaffiot, Z. Lisik, I. O’Connor, and F. T. Drissi, "Optical versus electrical interconnections for clock distribution in new VLSI technologies," PATMOS 2799,461-470 (2003).
  3. R. Orobtchouk, A. Layadi, H. Gualous, D. Pascal, A. Koster, and S. Laval, "High efficiency light coupling in a submicron SOI waveguide," Appl. Opt. 39,5773-5377 (2000). [CrossRef]
  4. Kazmierczak, M. Brière, E. Drouard, P. Bontoux, P. Rojo-Romeo, I. O'Connor, X. Letartre, F. Gaffiot, R. Orobtchouk, T. Benyattou. "Design, simulation, and characterization of a passive optical Add-Dropfilter in SOI technology," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17,1447-1449 (2005). [CrossRef]
  5. W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, P. Dumon, V. Wiaux, S. Beckx, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, J. Van Campenhout, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, "Nanophotonic Waveguides in Silicon-on-Insulator Fabricated with CMOS Technology," J. Lightwave Technol. 23,401-412 (2005). [CrossRef]
  6. T. Baba, M. Fujita, A. Sakai, M. Kihara, R. Watanabe. "lasing Charactéristics of GaInAsP-InP strained Quantum-Well microdisk injection lasers with diameter of 2-10 µm," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9,878-880 (1997). [CrossRef]
  7. M. Fujita, A. Sakai, T. Baba. Ultrasmall and ultralow threshold GaInAsP-InP Microdisk Injection Lasers: design, fabrication, lasing characteristics, and spontaneous emisión factor.IEEE J. Sel. Top. Electon. 5,673-681 (1999). [CrossRef]
  8. L. Zhang, E. Hu. "Lasing from InGaAs quantum dots in an injection microdisk," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82,319-321 (2003). [CrossRef]
  9. R. Ushigome, M. Fujita, A. Sakai, T. Baba, Y. Kokubun. "GaInAsP microdisk injection laser with Benzocyclobutene polymer cladding and its athermal effect," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 6364-6369 (2002). [CrossRef]
  10. M. Fujita, R. Ushigome, T. Baba, A. Matsutani, F. Koyama, K. Iga "GaInAsP microcylinder (microdisk) injection laser with AlInAs(Ox) claddings," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40,5338-5339 (2001). [CrossRef]
  11. H. Hattori, C. Seassal, E. Touraille, P. Rojo-Romeo, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, P. Viktorovitch, L. Di Cioccio, M. Zussy, L. El Melhaoui, J.M. Fedeli, "Heterogeneous integration of microdisk lasers on silicon strip wageguides of optical interconnects," to appear in IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2006). [CrossRef]
  12. C. J. Seung, K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus," Microdisk lasers coupled to output waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15,1330-1332 (2003). [CrossRef]
  13. H. Park, A. W. Fang, S. Kodama, J. E. Bowers. "Hybrid silicon evanescent laser fabricated with a silicon waveguide and III-V offset quantum wells," Opt. Lett. 13,9460-9464 (2005).
  14. http://alioth.debian.org/projects/tessa/
  15. For such a large structure (~300 µm3), we cannot accurately evaluate quality factors higher than a few 100000 with a reasonable calculation time.
  16. M. Ortsiefer, R. Shau, G. Böhm, F. Köhler, G. Abstreiter, M-C. Amann, "Low-resistance InGa(Al)As Tunnel Junctions for Long Wavelength Vertical-cavity Surface-emitting Lasers," Jpn. J. Apl. Phys. 39,1727-1729 (2000). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited