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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 14, Iss. 9 — May. 1, 2006
  • pp: 3993–4004

Infrared to visible upconversion of Nd3+ ions in KPb2Br5 low phonon crystal

Rolindes Balda, Joaquín Fernändez, Ei Ei Nyein, and Uwe Hömmerich  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 9, pp. 3993-4004 (2006)

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In this work we present a detailed analysis of the infrared to visible upconversion in Nd3+-doped KPb2Br5 low phonon crystal by using both steady-state and time-resolved luminescence spectroscopy. Efficient blue, green, orange, and red emissions have been observed under excitation into the 4F5/2 and 4F3/2 states. The low phonon energy of this crystal leads to a significant reduction of the multiphonon relaxation rates which allows most of the excited states to relax radiatively. To investigate the nature of the upconversion processes, emission spectroscopy and lifetime measurements for the visible fluorescence, performed by using one photon excitation, have been compared to the upconverted emissions and lifetimes obtained under infrared pulsed excitation. The analysis of the experimental results indicates that the upconverted emissions occur via energy-transfer upconversion.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3380) Lasers and laser optics : Laser materials
(160.5690) Materials : Rare-earth-doped materials
(190.7220) Nonlinear optics : Upconversion

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

Original Manuscript: February 28, 2006
Revised Manuscript: April 12, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: April 17, 2006
Published: May 1, 2006

Rolindes Balda, Joaquín Fernández, Ei Ei Nyein, and Uwe Hömmerich, "Infrared to visible upconversion of Nd3+ ions in KPb2Br5 low phonon crystal," Opt. Express 14, 3993-4004 (2006)

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