OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 1 — Jan. 8, 2007
  • pp: 166–175

Free ultra-high-Q microtoroid: a tool for designing photonic devices

Mani Hossein-Zadeh and Kerry J. Vahala  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 1, pp. 166-175 (2007)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1356 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We describe techniques that enable fabrication of a new class of photonic devices based on free UH-Q microresonators. Preliminary results show that free silica microtoroids with Qs above 30 million can be fabricated and transferred to different platforms for integration with a variety of photonic devices.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(220.4000) Optical design and fabrication : Microstructure fabrication
(230.5750) Optical devices : Resonators

ToC Category:
Optical Devices

Original Manuscript: October 19, 2006
Revised Manuscript: December 20, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: December 20, 2006
Published: January 8, 2007

Mani Hossein-Zadeh and Kerry J. Vahala, "Free ultra-high-Q microtoroid: a tool for designing photonic devices," Opt. Express 15, 166-175 (2007)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J.-P. Laine, "Microring resonator channel dropping filters," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998-1005 (1997). [CrossRef]
  2. B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, "Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications," IEEE photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2263-2265 (2004). [CrossRef]
  3. T. Barwicz, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Ralich, M. R. Watts, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, "Microring-resonator-based add-drop filters in SiN: fabrication and analysis," Opt. Express 12,1437-1442 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. A. Popovic, T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, E. P. Ippen, F. X. Kartner, and H. I. Smith, " Multistage high-order microring-resonator add-drop filters," Opt. Lett. 31, 2571-2573 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. C. K. Madsen, G. Lenz, A. J. Bruce, M. A. Capuzzo, L. T. Gomez, T. N. Nielsen, and I. Brener, "Multistage dispersion compensator using ring resonators," Opt. Lett. 24, 1555-1557 (1999). [CrossRef]
  6. J. K. S. Poon, L. Zhu, G. A. DeRose, and A. Yariv, "Transmission and group delay of microring coupled-resonator optical waveguides," Opt. Lett. 31, 456-458 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. G. Lenz and C. K. Madsen, "General optical all-pass filter structures for dispersion control in WDM systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1248-1254 (1999). [CrossRef]
  8. T. Sadagopan, S. J. Choi, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, A. E. Bond "Optical modulators based on depletion width translation in semiconductor microdisk resonator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 567-569 (2005). [CrossRef]
  9. P. Rabiei, W. H. Steier, C. Zhang, and L. R. Dalton, "Polymer micro-ring filters and modulators," J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1968-1975 (2002). [CrossRef]
  10. A. Polman, B. Min, J. Kalkman, T. J. Kippenberg and K. J. Vahala "Ultra-low-threshold erbium-implanted toroidal microlaser on silicon" Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1037-1039 (2004). [CrossRef]
  11. K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, " Active semiconductor microdisk devices," J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 105-113 (2002). [CrossRef]
  12. T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, "Kerr-nonlinearity optical parametric oscillation in an ultrahigh-Q toroid microcavity" Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 083904 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. A. McAulay, "Nonlinear microring resonators forge all-optical switch," Laser Focus World 41, 127-130 (2005).
  14. C. Chao, and L. J. Guo, "Design and optimization of microring resonators in biochemical sensing applications," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1395-1402 (2006). [CrossRef]
  15. A. M. Armani, and K. J. Vahala, "Heavy water detection using ultra-high-Q microcavities," Opt. Lett. 31, 1896-1898(2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. A. Yalcin, KC. Popat, J. C. Aldrige, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unlu, " Optical sensing of biomolecules using microring resonators," IEEE J. Sel.Top Quantum Electron. 12, 148-155 (2006). [CrossRef]
  17. B. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, C. L. Kimerling, W. Greene, " Ultra-compact Si-SiO2 microring resonator optical channel dropping filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10,549-551 (1998). [CrossRef]
  18. T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, C. Walker, A. Scherer, "High-Q ring resonators in thin silicon-on-insulator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3346-3347 (2004). [CrossRef]
  19. D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane and K. J. Vahala, "Ultra-high-Q toroid microcavity on a chip," Nature 421, 925-929 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. H. Rokhsari, and K. J. Vahala, "Ultralow loss, high-Q, four port resonant couplers for quantum optics and photonics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 253905 (2004) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala "Demonstration of ultra-high-Q small mode volume toroid microcavities on a chip" Appl. Phys. Lett. 85,6113-6115 (2004). [CrossRef]
  22. S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, K. W. Goh, E. Wilcut, and H. J. Kimble, "Ultrahigh-Q toroidal microresonators for cavity quantum electrodynamics" Phys. Rev. A 71, 013817 (2005). [CrossRef]
  23. T. Aoki, B. Dayan, E. Wilcut, W. P. Bowen, A. S. Parkins, T. J. Kippenberg, K. J. Vahala, and H. J. Kimble, "Observation of strong coupling between one atom and a monolithic microresonator," Nature 443, 671-674 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. A. A. Savchenkov, V. S. Ilchenko, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, "Higher-order filters based on chain coupled crystalline Whispering-Gallery mode resonators," IEEE photon. Technol. Lett. 17,136-138 (2005). [CrossRef]
  25. A.A. Savchenkov, V.S. Ilchenko, A.B. Matsko and L. Maleki, "Kilohertz Optical Resonances in dielectric crystal cavities" Phys. Rev A. 70, 051804(R) (2004). [CrossRef]
  26. Nanocube piezo nanopositioning system, physikinstrumente co., Germany (www.physikinstrumente.com).
  27. M. Cai, O. Painter, and KerryJ. Vahala, "Observation of critical coupling in a fiber-taper to silica-microsphere Whispering-Gallery mode system," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 74-77 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. Microdroplets of different liquids can be generated using micropumps (for example Micro Diaphragm Liquid Pumps from Namiki precision jewel co., Japan.)
  29. T. Le, A.A. Savchenkov, H. Tazawa, W. H. Steier, and L. Maleki, "Polymer optical waveguide vertically coupled to high-Q Whispering-Gallery resonators" IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett,  18, 859-861 (2006). [CrossRef]
  30. P. E. Barclay, K. Srinivasan, B. Lev, H. Mabuchi, and O. Painter "Integration of fiber-coupled high-Q SiNx microdisks with atom chips," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 131108 (2006). [CrossRef]
  31. D. K. Armani, B. K. Min, A. L. Martin, and K. J. Vahala "Electrical thermo-optic tuning of ultrahigh-Q microtoroid resonators," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5439-5441 (2004). [CrossRef]
  32. A.A. Savchenkov, V.S. Ilchenko, T. handley and L. Maleki, "Second-order filter response with series-coupled silica microresonators" IEEE photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 543-544 (2003). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited