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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 10 — May. 14, 2007
  • pp: 6484–6493

Double-control quantum interferences in a four-level atomic system

Jian Qi Shen and Pu Zhang  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 10, pp. 6484-6493 (2007)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.15.006484


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Abstract

A new scheme is suggested to manipulate the probe transitions (and hence the optical properties of atomic vapors) via double-control destructive and constructive quantum interferences. The influence of phase coherence between the two control transitions on the probe transition is also studied. The most remarkable feature of the present scheme is that the optical properties (absorption, transparency and dispersion) of an atomic system can be manipulated using this double-control multi-pathway interferences (multiple routes to excitation). It is also shown that a four-level system will exhibit a two-level resonant absorption because the two control levels (driven by the two control fields) form a dark state (and hence a destructive quantum interference occurs between the two control transitions). However, the present four-level system will exhibit electromagnetically induced transparency to the probe field when the three lower levels (including the probe level and the two control levels) form a three-level dark state. The present scenario has potential applications in new devices (e.g. logic gates and sensitive optical switches) and new techniques (e.g. quantum coherent information storage).

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.4530) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Optical constants
(270.0270) Quantum optics : Quantum optics
(270.1670) Quantum optics : Coherent optical effects

ToC Category:
Quantum Optics

History
Original Manuscript: January 18, 2007
Revised Manuscript: March 19, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: March 27, 2007
Published: May 11, 2007

Citation
Jian Qi Shen and Pu Zhang, "Double-control quantum interferences in a four-level atomic system," Opt. Express 15, 6484-6493 (2007)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-10-6484


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