OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 11 — May. 28, 2007
  • pp: 7032–7037

Phase manipulated multi-beam holographic lithography for tunable optical lattices

X. S. Xie, M. Li, J. Guo, B. Liang, Z. X. Wang, A. Sinitskii, Y. Xiang, and J. Y. Zhou  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 11, pp. 7032-7037 (2007)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (196 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We present principle and technique to actively stabilize and control the phase differences between multi-laser beams that produce stable and adjustable intensity patterns. This technique is based on a novel optical set-up and on a closed loop control over the phase difference between each pair of the input laser fields. Tunable optical lattices are demonstrated by exciting FeTPPCl-doped liquid crystals with the variable intensity patterns.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.5080) Diffraction and gratings : Phase shift
(090.0090) Holography : Holography
(220.4000) Optical design and fabrication : Microstructure fabrication

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: March 12, 2007
Revised Manuscript: April 25, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: April 29, 2007
Published: May 24, 2007

X. S. Xie, M. Li, J. Guo, B. Liang, Z. X. Wang, A. Sinitskii, Y. Xiang, and J. Y. Zhou, "Phase manipulated multi-beam holographic lithography for tunable optical lattices," Opt. Express 15, 7032-7037 (2007)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. M. Campbell, D. N. Sharp, M. T. Harrison, R. G. Denning, and A. J. Turberfield, "Fabrication of photonic crystals for the visible spectrum by holographic lithography," Nature 404,53-56 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. J. Escuti and G. P. Crawford, "Holographic photonic crystals," Opt. Eng. 43,1973-1987 (2004). [CrossRef]
  3. J. H. Moon, J. Ford, and S. Yang, "Fabricating three-dimensional polymeric photonic structures by multi-beam interference lithography," Polym. Adv. Technol. 17,83-93 (2006). [CrossRef]
  4. T. Kondo, S. Juodkazis, V. Mizeikis, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, "Fabrication of three-dimensional periodic microstructures in photoresist SU-8 by phase-controlled holographic lithography," New J. Phys. 8,1-16 (2006). [CrossRef]
  5. J. H. Moon, S. Yang, D. J. Pine, and S. M. Yang, "Translation of interference pattern by phase shift for diamond photonic crystals," Opt. Express 13,9841-9846 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. L. J. Wu, Y. C. Zhong, C. T. Chan, K. S. Wong, and G. P. Wang, "Fabrication of large area two- and three-dimensional polymer photonic crystals using single refracting prism holographic lithography," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86,241102 (2005). [CrossRef]
  7. Y. J. Liu and X. W. Sun, "Electrically tunable two-dimensional holographic photonic crystal fabricated by a single diffractive element," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89,171101 (2006). [CrossRef]
  8. S. Kubo, Z.-Z. Gu, K. Takahashi, A. Fujishima, H. Segawa, and O. Sato, "Tunable Photonic Band Gap Crystals based on a Liquid Crystal-Infiltrated Inverse Opal Structure," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126,8314-8319 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. H. Moon, S. M. Yang, D. J. Pine, and W. S. Chang, "Multiple-exposure holographic lithography with phase shift," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85,4184-4186 (2004). [CrossRef]
  10. W. D. Mao, Y. C. Zhong, J. W. Dong, and H. Z. Wang, "Crystallography of two-dimensional photonic lattices formed by holography of three noncoplanar beams," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 22, 1085-1091(2005). [CrossRef]
  11. J. C. Diels and W. Rudolph, Ultrashort laser pulse phenomena (Academic Press, San Diego, 1996), Chap. 8.
  12. W. S. Warren, H. Rabitz, and M. Dahleh, "Coherent control of quantum dynamics: The dream is alive," Science 259,1581-1589 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. U. Wehner, M. H. Ulm, M. Wegener, "Scanning interferometer stabilized by use of Pancharatnam's phase," Opt. Lett. 22,1455-1457 (1997). [CrossRef]
  14. C. G. Chen, P. T. Konkola, R. K. Herlmann, G. S. Pati, and M. L. Schtternburg, "Image metrology and system controls for scanning beam interference lithography," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 19,2335-2341 (2001). [CrossRef]
  15. J. W. Menezes, L. Cescato, E. J. de Carvalho, and E. S. Braga, "Recording different geometries of 2D hexagonal photonic crystals by choosing the phase between two-beam interference exposures," Opt. Express 14,8578-8582 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. Y. Xiang, M. Li, L. Tao, L. Jie, and J. Y. Zhou, "Optical-field-induced reorientation of nematic liquid crystal doped with FeTPPCl based on the resonant model," Appl. Phys. A 86,207-211 (2007).
  17. C. T. Kuo and S. Y. Huang, "Enhancement of diffraction of dye-doped polymer film assisted with nematic liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89,111109 (2006). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Supplementary Material

» Media 1: AVI (289 KB)     
» Media 2: AVI (317 KB)     
» Media 3: AVI (363 KB)     

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited